Ancient Egypt

Rachel Herron
Mind Map by Rachel Herron, updated more than 1 year ago
Rachel Herron
Created by Rachel Herron about 6 years ago
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year 9 History & Science & English Mind Map on Ancient Egypt, created by Rachel Herron on 03/25/2014.
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Ancient Egypt
1 Religion
1.1 Afterlife
1.1.1 Mummification & embalming
1.1.1.1 this was important because it meant that your soul could recognise you and take you to the after life
1.1.2 field of reeds = heaven
1.1.3 once dead you had to go through the weighing of the hearts ceremony
1.1.4 you could take belongings with you to the afterlife
1.2 Gods
1.2.1 Polytheistic (has over 2000 gods
1.2.2 Main gods
1.2.2.1 Ra the sun god
1.2.2.2 Thoth, god of writing & knowledge
1.2.2.3 Hathor, goddess of fertility
1.2.2.4 Osiris, god of death and the underworld
1.2.2.5 Sobek, god of the nile
1.2.2.6 Horus god of the sky
1.2.2.7 Anubis, god of mummification
2 the Pharaoh
2.1 Duties
2.1.1 to ensure that there was enough food for everyone
2.1.2 Ma'at was the heart of Egyptian life
2.1.3 the gods looked kindly on people
2.1.4 ensures that Egypt's army can defend itself
2.1.5 ensures that the Nile will flood
2.2 Inheritance
2.2.1 son of the pharaoh will inherit the throne
2.2.2 if the pharaoh has no son or no more males in the family left then the daughter or next female will inherit the throne. eg Hatshepsut
3 Ancient Egyptian society ruled Egypt from 3100BC to 332 BC
4 Trade & Conflict
4.1 Conflict (wars)
4.1.1 reasons for wars
4.1.1.1 access to trade routes and areas with natural sources
4.1.1.2 when Egypt was threatened by neighbours
4.1.2 Major Enemies
4.1.2.1 Hyksos- North East
4.1.2.2 Nubians- South
4.1.2.3 Libyans- West
4.2 Trade
4.2.1 Libya - lion skins & leopard
4.2.2 Sinai Desert- Metal & Turquois
4.2.3 Punt - Incense, Myrrh, oil & Ebony
4.2.4 Bactria (Iran) - Lapis-Lazuli & Kohl
4.2.5 Nubia - Metal & Slaves
4.2.6 Byblos (Lebanon) - Cedar Wood
5 Geography
5.1 Red Lands (the desert)
5.1.1 Inhospitable- people didn't live there
5.1.2 Protects Egypt from enemies- to harsh of an environment to travel/fight in
5.1.3 Egypt is 90% desert
5.2 Egypt is in Africa
5.3 The Nile River
5.3.1 the Nile gave life to Egypt
5.3.2 Provides water to Egypt
5.3.3 floods annually(July-Oct)
5.3.4 when it floods, it rises 10 Metres
5.3.5 The Seasons
5.3.5.1 Akhet- the flood season
5.3.5.2 Peret- the seed time
5.3.5.3 Shemu- the harvest time
5.3.6 the Black lands
5.3.6.1 called the black lands because of the colour of the fertile soil that plants could grow on
5.3.6.2 people lived there because it was not as hot as the red lands and it was a sustainable place because it flooded annually
6 Hierogliphics
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