Atomic Structure

tp2339
Mind Map by , created over 5 years ago

Mind map of atomic structure AS C1 exam

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tp2339
Created by tp2339 over 5 years ago
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Atomic Structure
1 Atomic Models
1.1 Dalton
1.1.1 Early 19th century
1.1.2 atoms solid spheres
1.1.2.1 different atoms make different elements
1.2 Thomson
1.2.1 1877
1.2.2 plum pudding model
1.2.3 solid sphere of +ve charge
1.2.3.1 smaller -ve particles - electrons
1.2.4
1.3 Rutherford
1.3.1 1909
1.3.2 gold foil experiment
1.3.3 tiny, dense +ve nucleus
1.3.4
1.4 Bohr
1.4.1 fixed orbitals
1.4.1.1 electrons move between energy levels electromagnetic radiation emitted/absorbed
1.4.1.1.1
1.4.1.1.2 fixed frequency
1.4.1.2 fixed energy
1.4.1.2.1
1.4.2 Refined
1.4.2.1 sub-shells
1.4.3
1.5 Quantum
1.5.1 probability
1.5.2 don't know what direction or where electron is
2 Mass Spectrometry
2.1 Stages
2.1.1 1. Vaporisation
2.1.2 2. Ionisation
2.1.3 3. Acceleration
2.1.4 4. Deflection
2.1.5 5. Detection
2.2
3 Electronic Structure
3.1 Exceptions
3.1.1 Cu
3.1.2 Cr
3.2 sub-shells pairs fill singly
4 Ionisation Energies
4.1 Second ionisation energies
4.1.1 greater than first IE
4.1.1.1 how much
4.1.2 electronic configuration
4.1.2.1
4.2 trends
4.2.1 down group 2
4.2.1.1 further away
4.2.1.2 inner shell shielding
4.2.1.3 decreases
4.2.2 across period 3
4.2.2.1 increases
4.2.2.2 number protons increases
4.2.2.2.1 nuclear attraction
4.2.2.3 exceptions
4.2.2.3.1 Mg
4.2.2.3.1.1 shielding
4.2.2.3.1.2 higher energy
4.2.2.3.1.3 periods 1&2
4.2.2.3.2 S
4.2.2.3.2.1 repulsion
4.2.2.3.2.2 periods 5&6
4.3 factors
4.3.1 shielding
4.3.2 nuclear charge
4.3.3 distance from nucleus