Exercise and fitness as part of your healthy active lifestyle.

mhancoc3
Mind Map by mhancoc3, updated more than 1 year ago
mhancoc3
Created by mhancoc3 almost 7 years ago
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GCSE PE (1.1.3) Mind Map on Exercise and fitness as part of your healthy active lifestyle., created by mhancoc3 on 04/01/2014.

Resource summary

Exercise and fitness as part of your healthy active lifestyle.
  1. Health, Exercise, Fitness and Performance
    1. Health: a positive state of complete social, physical and mental wellbeing.
      1. improved with exercise and fitness
        1. exercise prevents illness and allows you to get through a day easily, improving health
        2. Exercise: physical activity to improve health and fitness
          1. health problems caused by not enough exercise have increased
            1. hypokinetic diseases
              1. heart disease, high blood pressure and back pain.
            2. Relieves stress and tension
              1. Distracting
              2. Fitness: ability to meet demands of the environment
                1. Able to cope with everyday activities such as school
                  1. Lead an active life without strain
                    1. Enhances performance
                    2. Performance: how well a task in completed
                      1. Exercise to keep fit and therefore enhance performance
                        1. Needs to be good in everything
                      2. Health Related Exercise
                        1. To improve fitness and performance
                          1. Cardiovascular Fitness: the ability to exercise the entire body for long periods of time
                            1. Efficiency of heart, lungs and blood vessels to deliver oxygen to muscles
                              1. Most important because it allows people to partake in sport and live without fatigue.
                                1. Improved by any type of training, and crucial to develop other fitness types
                                2. Muscular Strength: the amount of force a muscle can exert against a resistance
                                  1. enables the lifting of heavy weights
                                    1. associated with steroids.
                                    2. Muscular Endurance: use voluntary muscles many times without getting tired
                                      1. in both daily life and sport
                                      2. Flexibility: the range of movement at a joint.
                                        1. often neglected until needed
                                          1. in both sport and daily life
                                            1. yoga helps improve it
                                            2. Body composition: percentage of fat muscle and bone
                                              1. influenced by genetics, exercise and diet
                                                1. can be calculated using BMI although this is not always a good method.
                                              2. Skill Related Fitness (ABCPRS)
                                                1. Helps to become good at physical activity
                                                  1. Agility: the ability to change the position of the body quickly
                                                    1. some things don't need it.
                                                    2. Balance: ability to retain center of mass above base support
                                                      1. at rest or on the move
                                                        1. Static - balance when not moving
                                                          1. Dynamic - stable position whilst moving
                                                          2. Coordination: The ability to use more than one body part
                                                            1. Many types: hand eye, foot eye, head eye, etc
                                                              1. better on one side of the body than the other
                                                              2. Power: undertake strength (power = strength x speed)
                                                                1. Can be used to project an object or oneself
                                                                2. Reaction Time: time between a stimulus and movement
                                                                  1. Can be any form of stimulus, eg. gun fire and movement of legs in a race
                                                                  2. Speed: how fast one can cover a distance or make a movement
                                                                    1. eg. leg speed, hand speed, overall speed
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