- One of the world's major religion.
- Judiasm is the Jewish religion.
- The origins of Judiasm and its basic laws are recorded in its most sacred text, Torah.
- Judiasm have four main people: Abraham, Moses, King David, Solomon.
Abraham is the father of the Hebrews. Originally called Abram, he was born about 2000B.C.E in the city of UR, UR is in Mesopotamia. People who live in UR believed in more then one God. God told Abraham to leave his own country and bring his family from Mesopotamia to Canaan and he will give him a gift. When Abram is 99 years old, God spoke to him again and God. God gave him a son and he gave Abraham a new name which is "Father of many." For the Jews, Canaan became the "promised land." God tested Abraham's faith and obedience more then one time and the Final test is the hardest. The final test is God tell Abraham to sacrifice his son, Isaac.
Moses is the greatest leader of Hebrews. He led Jews out of Slavery out in Egypt. The torah tells how God gave Moses 10 important laws engraved on two stone tablets. After the Israelites left Egypt, they traveled through a wilderness for 40 years. During this time, God gave Moses the laws and teachings that became the foundation of Judaism.This are the several key contributions Moses do to the development of Judaism.
King Solomon and David
After the escaping from Egypt they created a kingdom under kind David and his son, Solomon. King David established Jerusalem as a Holy City and King Solomon built Jerusalem's first temple. David was not yet a grown man, but he was outraged at Goliath's mockery of God. His only weapon was a sling. With one mighty toss, he felled Goliath with a single stone. David's courage and faith were rewarded when he became king of the Israelites after the first king.
The Torah is the first part of the Jewish Bible. It is the central and most important document of Judaism and has been used by Jews through the ages.
The birthplace of Christianity was a remote territory at the eastern end of the Mediterranean Sea. Once an independent kingdom, Judea came under Roman rule in 63 B.C.E. The Romans attempted to govern the country by appointing Jewish rulers who agreed with Roman rule. However, groups of Jews rebelled against Roman control several times.
Jesus was born in around 6 B.C.E and he is the main person of the Christianity. Jesus die around 27-29 A.D but he is resurrected three day after he die.
Jesus was born in Judea around 6 B.C.E. They’re four Gospels in The Bible. Each of the Gospel writes about Jesus’ life. They were written by Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John after he died. Jesus had a mother called Mary and she lived in a town called Nazareth. Nazareth is in the Roman territory of Galilee. One day, Mary had a dream that an angel appeared before her. The angel gave her a son and told her to name it Jesus.
Jesus gained a large number of followers from Jerusalem. The Romans were scared that they might rebel so they killed Jesus and nailed him to a cross, however, he was resurrected three days after he was killed.
When Jesus grew up, he called a small number to be his disciples. His disciples are all commoners. He thinks the most important laws for Jews are “You shall love the lord your God with all your heart and all your soul.” The second was, “You shall love your neighbor as yourself”. Jesus likes to use parables to teach other morals and ethics. Parable is a simple stories with moral or religious messages.
Jesus went to Jerusalem for the Jewish festival of Passover and celebrated God’s rescue of the Jews from Egypt. Jesus gained a large number of followers from Jerusalem.
Paul, one of the most important people in Christianity adopted the Christian faith and became a missionary, he started spreading the word of God to everyone. Paul convert non-Jews, called Gentiles to the religion. He spent many years visiting other cities.
At 37 B.C.E., a man named Herod became the king of Judea, because he practice the Jewish religion and he also rebuilt the temple for them. Many Jews still doesn’t trust him because they think he is a puppet of the Roman Empire. King Herod died in 4 B.C.E and after he died, Rome sent soldiers to Judea to regain control. They replaced Herod’s son with a military governor. The military governor made the Judean pay taxes. Judea is very peaceful but many Judeans doesn’t like Rome. They believed that one day God will send a savior and that savior is called Messiah.