The rise of the Nazi state

Emilie Greenwood
Mind Map by Emilie Greenwood, updated more than 1 year ago
Emilie Greenwood
Created by Emilie Greenwood almost 6 years ago


History (History of Nazi Germany) Mind Map on The rise of the Nazi state, created by Emilie Greenwood on 04/05/2014.

Resource summary

The rise of the Nazi state
1 Hitler
1.1 1914- Joins the army
1.2 1919- Joins German Workers' Party
1.3 1920 Takes over PROPAGANDA & draws up 25 point plan
1.3.1 1) All germans should be united in one country
1.3.2 2) The Treaty of Versailles should be destroyed.
1.3.3 3) We need more land for our growing population
1.3.4 4) Only those of German blood can belong to the German Nation. No Jews can belong.
1.3.5 5) Non- German cannot be allowed to live in Germany.
1.3.6 6) The government must provide jobs for everyone and everyone must work.
1.3.7 7) No one should receive money without working.
1.3.8 8) No one is allowed to make money out of war.
1.3.9 9) All big businesses should be run by the government and any profits shared out amongst workers.
1.3.10 10) Higher old age pension
1.3.11 11) Government should look after mothers and children
1.3.12 12) Should be a large army
1.3.13 13) Communism needs to be destroyed & some races & nations are better than others
1.4 1921- Takes over the party
1.4.1 Becomes National Socialist Workers' Party
1.4.2 Form the SA (brownshirts) Uses fear as a method of control
1.4.3 Designed Flag- Swastika Represented the old germany Appealed to more people
1.4.4 Bought newspapers Helped him spread his ideas & he controlled information Propaganda
1.4.5 Promises 'Work and Bread'
1.4.6 Strong character & Good public speaker
1.5 1923- Beer Hall putsch fails
1.5.1 Hitler get put on trial Party gains publicity
1.5.2 1924- In prison Writes 'Mein Kampf; Rethinks Party Strategies
1.6 1926- Goebbels propaganda chief
1.7 1925 Reforms Nazi Party
1.7.1 Legal Policy Gain Power
1.7.2 Forms the SS Run by Himmler
1.8 1928- Nazis win 12 seats in the Reinstag
1.9 1930- Nazis win 107 seats in the Reinstag
1.10 1932- Nazis win 230 seats in the Reinstag
1.10.1 Largest Party
1.11 1932- Hitler loses presidential elections to Hindenburg
2 The Wall Street Crash 1929
2.1 Germany's economy based on american loans
2.1.1 Dawes Plan
2.1.2 unemployment rose to 6 million
2.1.3 Middle and upper class supported the Nazis out of fear Negative cohesion seats in the Reichstag rose to 230 in 1932
3 The Munich Putsch- 1923
3.1 Nazis try overthrow the government
3.1.1 Fail to overthrow the government Hitler in prisoned Writes Mein Kampf Builds party strategies Many Nazis killed or injured Nazi Party banned Becomes a media sensation Gains acknowledgement and support
3.1.2 Because the government are weak and unpopular due to hyperinflation & the Ruhr crisis.
4 Why did the Nazis achieve little success between 1919- 1923?
4.1 Hitler was banned from public speaking until 1928
4.2 Prosperity of the Stresemann years resulted in the decline of support for the Nazis
4.3 Reorganisation of the party 1924-28
4.3.1 a. He reduced the number of Stormtroopers (SA) and set up the SS, a personal bodyguard fanatically loyal to himself.
4.3.2 b. He set up a network of local parties. He merged with other right-wing parties, then took them over.
4.3.3 . c. He set up the Hitler Youth, which attracted young people to the party.
4.3.4 d. He put Josef Goebbels in charge of propaganda. Goebbels and Hitler believed that the best way to get the support of the masses was by appealing to their feelings rather than by argument. They waged a propaganda campaign using posters, leaflets, radio and film, and organised
4.3.5 e. He cultivated the support of wealthy businessmen promising them that, if he came to power, he would destroy Communism and the Trade Unions. This gave him the finance to run his campaigns.
5 Why was Hitler appointed chancellor in 1933?
5.1 President Hindenburg dismissed Brüning in 1932.
5.2 Papen was placed as chancellor for six months
5.3 Schleicher - only lasted two months
5.4 In January 1933, Hindenburg and Papen came up with a plan to get the Nazis on their side by offering to make Hitler vice chancellor. He refused and demanded to be made chancellor. They agreed, thinking they could control him.
5.5 In January 1933, Hitler became chancellor, and immediately set about making himself absolute ruler of Germany using Article 48
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