Why did the Tsar Survive the 1905 Revolution?


History (Russia - From Autocracy to Dictatorship) Mind Map on Why did the Tsar Survive the 1905 Revolution?, created by mand_kalsi on 04/05/2014.
Mind Map by mand_kalsi, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by mand_kalsi almost 9 years ago

Resource summary

Why did the Tsar Survive the 1905 Revolution?
  1. Redemption Payments
    1. Redemption payments cancelled in Nov 1905
      1. Partly solved issue that Tsar wasn't providing for the peasants
        1. Money retained could be used in a more practical way
          1. E.g. landholdings, food
          2. Ended violent attacks ('jacqueries')
            1. Burden lifted
            2. Black Hundreds
              1. Govt sponsored 'Union of Russian People'
                1. Attracted working class right wing men
                  1. Attacked liberals, socialists and Jews
                    1. Over 3000 killed 1905-6
                      1. Helped Tsar survive as it reinstated his authority
                        1. Implemented forced loyalty from the public
                          1. Forced to kiss Tsar's photo and sing National Anthem
              2. End of the Russo-Japanese War
                1. Treaty of Portsmouth ended war
                  1. Russia forced to give up Port Arthur and the southern part of Saikhalin to Japan
                  2. After war, troops returned to cities to restore order
                    1. Killed over 1000 in general strike
                    2. Food Supplies no longer bypassing cities
                      1. Less anger - standards somewhat returning
                    3. Army support and the Okhrana
                      1. Army remained loyal to the Tsar
                        1. Crushed riots, uprisings
                          1. Exiled/Executed
                          2. Okhrana used to repress/eradicate remaining political opponents
                            1. Mass arrests
                              1. By 1917, most Bolsheviks were in exile and the SRs had collapsed
                            2. Problems with the Revolutionary Movement
                              1. Army used as a weapon to stifle uprising
                                1. Placed restrictions on public
                                2. No united aim
                                  1. Different groups wanted different things
                                    1. SRs - Peasant ownership of land
                                      1. SDs - Removal of the Tsar
                                        1. Caused in-fighting
                                        2. Lack of central co-ordination
                                      2. October Manifesto
                                        1. Satisfied majority of the population
                                          1. Enabled Tsar to regain control of Russia
                                            1. Provided public with what they wanted
                                              1. Revolution was unneeded
                                              2. Dumas
                                                1. More democratic
                                                  1. Tsar stepping down from role of complete power
                                                    1. Idea of constitutionary monarchy
                                                      1. Seen in other countries
                                                        1. Russia = developing
                                                      2. Largest political reform
                                                        1. Universal franchise
                                                          1. People given voice
                                                            1. Never seen before
                                                            2. Revolutionaries lost support and were isolated
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