an acute, exudative colitis usually caused byClostridium difficile
1 can be caused by other bacteria than C. diff
1.1 Staphylococcus spp
1.2 enterotoxigenic Clostridium perfringens
1.3 Campylobacter spp.
1.4 Listeria spp.
1.5 Salmonella spp.
2.1 Typically, symptoms come on between 5 and
10 days after antibiotic therapy. Occasionally
patients will not have had antibiotic exposure
2.2 Most patients become unwell
during their course of antibiotics,
but 25-40% may not do so for as
many as 10 weeks afterwards
2.3 Most affected individuals experience
watery diarrhoea (varies from
self-limiting to severe and debilitating)
± blood-stained stools, abdominal
cramps, fever (especially so in severe
cases), rigors ± septicaemia.
2.4 Severe abdominal pain is
uncommon but may mimic
an acute abdomen.
2.5 Frank rectal bleeding suggests
other causes (for example,
inflammatory bowel disease).