The Research Enterprise In Psychology

Shannon Crane
Mind Map by Shannon Crane, updated more than 1 year ago
Shannon Crane
Created by Shannon Crane over 3 years ago
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Chapter 2 Mind Map

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The Research Enterprise In Psychology
1 Goals of Scientific Enterprise
1.1 1.Measurement & Description: Measure ways under study and to understand behaviour
1.2 2. Understanding and Prediction: using hypothesis
1.3 3. Application and Control: Gathering information that goes with solving everyday life problems
2 Steps in a Scientific Investigation
2.1 Step 1. Formulate a Testable Hypothesis. Translate a theory into a hypothesis, and to be a usable hypothesis it needs to be a operational definition. Which allows the action to be measured or a controlled variable.
2.2 Step 2: Select the Research Method and Design the Study: Putting the hypothesis into an empircal test and getting participates to participate in the experiment
2.3 Step 3: Collect the Data: is required for the experiment
2.4 Step 4. Anallze the Data and Draw Conclusion: Reasearchers use statistics to analyze their data
2.5 Step 5: Report the Findings: The last step is for researchers to share their data and get positive feedback to improve their work
3 Advantages of the Scientific Approach
3.1 First is the clarity and precision which is specifies in exact and the second is relative intolerance of error and the ideas are brought to empirical test.
4 Independent and Dependent Variables
4.1 Independent Variable is where the experimenter is in control and manipulates the variable also consist of the experimental group that also get special instructions
4.2 Dependent Variable is where the experimenter does nothing with the group they observe as is, and the controlled group is where there is no specific group given.
5 Naturalistic Observation
5.1 Naturalistic observation is where researchers study people without distrupting their environment
5.2 Researchers are able to learn how people can go about doing their daily lives without having to change anything, they can get a more real answer.
6 Case Studies
6.1 Investigating certain psychological disorders and providing researchers with real life theories.
7 Surveys
7.1 Allows researchers to ask questions and do interview as part of their studies to collect specific behaviour
8 Descriptive Statistics that organizes and summarizes the data
8.1 The median, mean and mode are used to find the exact scores, averages and most frequent scores within a survey.
9 Sampling Bias
9.1 Its to collect data from a much larger population
9.2 Representative population involves an empirical research of the population
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