Christian Ethics

Simran Nagra
Mind Map by Simran Nagra, updated more than 1 year ago
Simran Nagra
Created by Simran Nagra almost 6 years ago


A Levels Ethics Mind Map on Christian Ethics, created by Simran Nagra on 04/09/2014.

Resource summary

Christian Ethics
1 natural law
1.1 Within Catholic theology, Natural Law holds a dominant position.
1.2 Many Christians adopt deontological positions and think we should act according to God's design or purpose for our lives.
2 situation ethics
2.1 "There is only one ultimate and invariable duty, and its formula is "Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself". William Temple, 1917
2.2 "The law of love is the ultimate law because it is the negation of law." Paul Tillich, 1951
3 Proportionalism
3.1 The challenge of situation ethics is so great that some Catholic theologians believe there needs to be a compromise between Natural Law and Situation Ethics
3.2 'Proportionalism' (the title of a book by Brtitish philosopher Bernard Hoose) accepts, as Natural Law does, that certain acts are wrong or evil acts in themselves. However, it says that it might be the right thing to do, if there is a proportionate reason, to perform such acts.
4 Virtue Ethics
4.1 Within the Christian traditions there has been great support for the 'cardinal virtues'
4.1.1 Humility
4.1.2 Liberality
4.1.3 Brotherly love
4.1.4 Meekness
4.1.5 Chastity
4.1.6 Temperance
4.1.7 Diligence
5 The Bible
5.1 Protestant churches have greater emphasis is put on the Bible. Christians are expected to read the Bible for themselves and solvet ethical issues.
5.2 Is it the literal word of God, or merely inspired by God?
6 The Church
6.1 Authority!!: Catholics believe Jesus gave His authority to Peter, and it has been passed down ever since, currently lying with Pope Benedict.
6.2 In Protestant churches, the Bible has a much greater authority than the church.
7 The Holy Spirit, Conscience, Prayer, Religious Experience
7.1 Many Christians believe the conscience to be 'the voice of God'.
7.2 Christians can get inspiration from the indwelling of the Holy Spirit.
7.3 Some Christians have had a direct, life-changing experience of God, which may mean seeing a vision, hearing a voice or feeling God's presence.
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