6 Henry VI: 'Under-Mighty Monarch'

hattiedg
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A Levels History (War of The Roses) Mind Map on 6 Henry VI: 'Under-Mighty Monarch', created by hattiedg on 04/09/2014.

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hattiedg
Created by hattiedg over 5 years ago
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6 Henry VI: 'Under-Mighty Monarch'
1 For the first 16 years of his reign Henry was a minor, thus did not have a say on what must be done
1.1 When he reached his majority in 1437 he came under the influence of favourites such as Duke of Somerset + Duke of Suffolk
1.1.1 The effective running of government remained in the hands of noble ministers
1.1.1.1 Leading to tension + rivalry at court between powerful + ambitious nobles - which the king seemed unable to manage + control
2 Unchecked political rivalry could turn into personal animosity
2.1 In 1447 - Henry's uncle Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester was brought down by his rival at court, Somerset's uncle Cardinal Henry Beaufort - Henry did nothing to help his uncle, who died in mysterious circumstances before who could be tried for treason
3 Henry seemed incapable of judging people + situations:
3.1 He mistook Cardinal Beaufort's offer to lend substantial sums of money as friendship not means to control him
3.1.1 By 1444 - He had lent the Crown various sums = in excess of £200,000 - only part of which had been repaid
3.2 He misunderstood the seriousness of the rivalry between York + Somerset
3.2.1 His failure to heal the rift + pacify the 2 warring dukes contributed to the outbreak of civil war
3.3 He mishandled the war in France by resuming it in 1449 - resulted in the loss of Normandy + the fall of Suffolk (the Crown's chief adviser) who took some of the blame for the failure
4 His wife Margaret was too a factor in promoting the impression of an 'under-mighty monarch'
4.1 She was a formidable woman + her strong will + domineering personality made him appear even weaker + indecisive
4.2 As the marriage went on such came to exercise a greater degree of influence over her husband
4.2.1 Some nobles (like York + Norfolk) resented her meddling in affairs of state + her close relationship + promotion of in 1448 (partly a rewarded for arranging her marriage)
4.3 Due to her increasing influence at court, Henry sought advice from an ever-decreasing circle of nobles
4.4 The excluded became increasingly resentful, but she brushed them aside
4.5 Her political skill came to the fore during Henry's mental incapacity

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