Crime and deviance

nicolemordente
Mind Map by nicolemordente, updated more than 1 year ago
nicolemordente
Created by nicolemordente almost 7 years ago
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Mind Map on Crime and deviance, created by nicolemordente on 04/10/2014.

Resource summary

Crime and deviance
  1. Theories
    1. Functionalism
      1. organic analogy
        1. Structural approach
          1. social system
            1. value consensus
              1. Collective conscience
                1. Crime is UNIVERSAL
                  1. deviance is useful and necessary
                    1. Crime has positive functions for society
                      1. jobs
                        1. deterrant
                          1. value consensus
                            1. warning device
                            2. EMILE DURKHEIM
                              1. Crime is universal, functional and normal
                            3. Strain theory
                              1. Robert Merton
                                1. anomie
                                  1. rules of behaviour have lost influence and are ignored
                                    1. Normlessness
                                  2. cannot achieve legitimate goals
                                    1. strain in society between
                                      1. way society allows us to achieve these goals
                                        1. goals we want to acieve
                                        2. american dream
                                          1. ethnic minorities
                                            1. lower class
                                              1. does not explain ALL types of crime
                                                1. assumes there is a value consensus
                                                2. ecological / environmental theory
                                                  1. Shaw and Mckay 1930's
                                                    1. chicago school
                                                    2. concentric zones
                                                      1. zone of transition
                                                        1. social disorganisation
                                                          1. cultutral transmission theory
                                                            1. Sutherland and Cressey 1974
                                                              1. differential association
                                                              2. Baldwin and Bottoms 1976
                                                                1. 'tipping'
                                                                  1. an area going down hill
                                                                2. Morris 1957
                                                                3. nocturnal economy
                                                                  1. Hobbs and Lister 2000
                                                                    1. UK nightlife
                                                                      1. violence
                                                                        1. alcohol driven
                                                                        2. does NOT explain ALL crime
                                                                          1. large cities
                                                                          2. Subcultural
                                                                            1. Albert Cohen
                                                                              1. 1955
                                                                                1. subcultures have different values from those is society
                                                                                  1. not to do with material gain
                                                                                    1. status frustration
                                                                                      1. collective response to delinquency
                                                                                        1. Cloward and Ohlin 1960
                                                                                          1. criminal subculture
                                                                                            1. adult criminality
                                                                                            2. conflict subculture
                                                                                              1. gangs
                                                                                              2. retreatist subculture
                                                                                                1. illegal drug use
                                                                                              3. interactionism
                                                                                                1. Labelling
                                                                                                  1. self-fulfilling prophecy
                                                                                                    1. master status
                                                                                                      1. power
                                                                                                        1. stereotyping
                                                                                                          1. deviant career
                                                                                                            1. social constructs
                                                                                                              1. stigma
                                                                                                                1. moral panics
                                                                                                                  1. deviant subculture
                                                                                                                    1. deviancy amplification
                                                                                                                      1. folk devils
                                                                                                                        1. scapegoating
                                                                                                                          1. agencies of social control
                                                                                                                            1. societal reaction
                                                                                                                              1. micro-approach
                                                                                                                                1. jock young
                                                                                                                                  1. Howard Becker
                                                                                                                                    1. OCS is socially constructed
                                                                                                                                  2. Marxism
                                                                                                                                    1. conflict approach - two social classes
                                                                                                                                      1. crime is inevitable
                                                                                                                                        1. capitalism - rich exploiting the poor
                                                                                                                                          1. ruling class ideology
                                                                                                                                            1. white collar crime
                                                                                                                                              1. corporate crime
                                                                                                                                                1. working class suffer from false consciousness
                                                                                                                                                  1. Slapper and Tombs 1999
                                                                                                                                                    1. Box 1980
                                                                                                                                                      1. victimless crime
                                                                                                                                                      2. too deterministic
                                                                                                                                                        1. does not explain all crime
                                                                                                                                                          1. Bourgeoisie
                                                                                                                                                            1. Proletariat
                                                                                                                                                              1. Repressive state apparatus
                                                                                                                                                                1. ideological state apparatus
                                                                                                                                                                  1. Hegemony
                                                                                                                                                                    1. communism
                                                                                                                                                                    2. Neo-Marxism
                                                                                                                                                                      1. Marxism + Labelling theory
                                                                                                                                                                        1. capitalism should be replaced by a classless socety
                                                                                                                                                                          1. reduce crime
                                                                                                                                                                          2. society based on exploitation and class conflict
                                                                                                                                                                            1. Voluntaristic view - free will
                                                                                                                                                                              1. Crime is a conscious act
                                                                                                                                                                                1. Hall 1978
                                                                                                                                                                                  1. gender blind
                                                                                                                                                                                    1. too romantic view of criminals
                                                                                                                                                                                    2. New left realism
                                                                                                                                                                                      1. lea and young
                                                                                                                                                                                        1. 1980's
                                                                                                                                                                                          1. paradigm shift
                                                                                                                                                                                            1. victim surveys
                                                                                                                                                                                              1. relative deprivation
                                                                                                                                                                                                1. entry ticket
                                                                                                                                                                                                  1. marginalisation
                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. ethnic minorities
                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. working class
                                                                                                                                                                                                        1. subcultures
                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. street crime
                                                                                                                                                                                                          2. Right realism
                                                                                                                                                                                                            1. conservative government
                                                                                                                                                                                                              1. culture of permisiveness
                                                                                                                                                                                                                1. decline of society
                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1. cultural change
                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. lack of respect for authority
                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. single parent families
                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1. punishment must outweigh benefits
                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. zero tolerance
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1. new york
                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2. crime is due to the changing values and attitues - not the economy
                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1. broken windows theory
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1. dependency culture
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1. rational choice theory
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. situational crime prevention
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2. Gender and crime
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. feminism
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. radical
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1. marxist
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. liberal
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1. post modernist
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2. 'MALESTREAM' sociology
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1. gender, race and social class
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1. victimisation surveys
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1. domestic violence
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. pink collar ghetto
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. patriarchal relationships
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1. ideologies of femininity
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. family
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1. risk taking
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1. Davies 1997
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              2. agencies of social control
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1. Chivalry effect: Klein 1996
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1. social control theory
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2. mass media and crime
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. moral panics
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. boy racers
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1. hippies
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. swine flu
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1. homosexuality and AIDS
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1. alchopops
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              2. deviancy amplification
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1. social construction of crime
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1. news values and agenda setting
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. shocking
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2. news is socially constructed
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. manufactured
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    3. race and crime
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. stephen lawrence
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1. ethnic group differences
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. institutional racism
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1. canteen culture
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            2. stop and search
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1. legal system is biased
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1. afro-carrabeans
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1. stuart hall
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  2. culture of resistence
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. lack of educational success
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. HALEEMA KHANUM
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      2. Globalisation and Crime
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1. global trade in drugs, weapons and people
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. global corporate crime
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1. globalised crimes (web based)
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1. interconnected
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1. interdependent
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1. TNC's
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. Money laundering
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. cyber crime
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                        1. identity theft
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                          1. crimes of the powerful
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                            1. risk society
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              1. global organisations
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                1. criminal entrepreneurs
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                  1. MISHA GLENNY
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    1. organised crime
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                    2. human trafficking
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      1. dark figure of crime
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