Rise of Fascism in Italy 1919-1922

Eva Clifton
Mind Map by Eva Clifton, updated more than 1 year ago
Eva Clifton
Created by Eva Clifton almost 6 years ago
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A Levels History (Fascist Italy 1915-1945) Mind Map on Rise of Fascism in Italy 1919-1922, created by Eva Clifton on 04/13/2014.
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Resource summary

Rise of Fascism in Italy 1919-1922
1 1919
1.1 March 1919
1.1.1 first meeting - 100 members
1.1.2 list of demands
1.1.2.1 replace Monarchy with a Republic
1.1.2.2 confiscate property of the Catholic Church
1.1.2.3 peasant ownership of land and worker management of industry
1.1.2.4 high taxation on the rich
1.1.2.5 National Minimum Wage
1.1.2.6 votes for women
1.2 failed in 1919 election
1.2.1 5,000 out of 270,000 votes in Milan
1.2.2 only 4,000 registered supporters
1.3 Mussolini observed that the Liberals couldn't deal with Socialist threat - very important
2 Rural Italy
2.1 'Socialist Leagues' recruited poor farm workers
2.2 Socialism was a threat to landowners and richer farmers
2.2.1 in Tuscany, Emilia and Bologna squadrisimo (Fascist groups) were invited to attack Socialist groups
2.3 1920-21 - Fascists destroyed 80 Socialist trade union offices - 200 dead and over 800 wounded
3 Fascist supporters
3.1 farm managers, landowners, richer farmers
3.2 50% were soldiers
3.3 Middle-class students (10%)
3.4 25% were below voting age
3.5 1921 - over 200,000 supporters
3.6 those who despised the 'Mutilated Victory'
4 Was Fascism a strong contender in 1922?
4.1 had 500,000 members by 1922 and unofficially controlled some areas of Italy
4.2 Successive Liberal governments had allowed Fascism to grow - too afraid to fight it
4.3 July 1922 - looked as though Socialists, Liberals and Catholics would join together to form and anti-Fascist government
4.3.1 Giolitti withdrew his support
4.3.1.1 Anti-Fascist alliances failed
4.4 1920 - Socialists are facing a decline in power - damaged by Fascist attacks and growing unemployment decreased their popularity
4.4.1 A decline in socialism could have killed off Fascism - Fascists had to exaggerate Socialist threat to survive
4.4.2 August 1922 Socialists try to strike but it collapses after 2 days - Fascists still took credit for crushing it
4.5 1922 - Still disagreements regarding how to take power - the Ras (squadristi) leaders wanted to seize it by force but Mussolini wanted to gain power legally
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