The War at Home & Food Shortages

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Created by izzykersley01 over 5 years ago
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The War at Home & Food Shortages
1 Defence of the Realm Act (DORA) - August 1914
1.1 Two aims:
1.1.1 1) Make sure the country had enough resources to fight the war
1.1.2 2) Make sure British people were in a fit state to fight/support the war effort
1.2 The law allowed the government to:
1.2.1 Introduce conscription
1.2.2 Take control of vital industries
1.2.3 Take over 2.5 million acres of land and buildings
1.2.4 Bring in British Summer Time (more daylight = more working hours)
1.2.5 Control drinking hours and alcohol strenght
1.2.6 Stop people talking about the war or spreading rumours
1.2.7 Censor newspapers
1.2.8 Enforce rationing
2 Volunteering
2.1 Men rushed to volunteer - they thought it would be 'over by Christmas' and an adventure
2.2 By 1915, causalities went up while volunteers went down
2.2.1 Not enough soldiers!
2.3 A feeling of unfairness began to grow about some men avoided military duty in Britain
3 Conscription introduced - 1916
3.1 All single men aged 18-40 had to fight
3.2 When there weren't enough soldiers, married men had to sign up too
3.3 Conscientious Objectors - people who didn't believe in fighting
3.3.1 Sent to prison and seen as traitors
3.3.2 Some agreed to non-violent war work
4 Women did 'Men's Jobs'
4.1 Shortage of workers in heavy industries, like coal mining
4.1.1 Women took over to help!
5 German U-boats
5.1 Britain imported food from the United States and Empire countries
5.2 Germans used U-boats (submarines) to attack shipping around Britain, making it impossible to import food
6 Lloyd George took three steps to solve the food shortage:
6.1 1) Navy Convoys
6.1.1 Before the convoy system, 25% of merchant ships coming into Britain were sunk
6.1.2 Convoy system - merchant ships travelled in groups and were escorted by Royal Navy ships as protection U-boats couldn't attack as easily
6.2 2) Compulsory Rationing - 1918
6.2.1 Was previously voluntary
6.2.2 Rationing coupons - were handed over when buying beer, butter, sugar or meat
6.2.3 Some hoarded food out of fear and increasing prices Black market - sold later on
6.2.4 No-one starved
6.2.5 The government had never been this involved in people's daily lives before
6.3 3) Britain grew more food
6.3.1 Farmers encouraged to buy more land = more food
6.3.2 Women's Land Army - 1917 Big labour force available to work on the farms

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