1.1 The governments of
Germany between 1919
and Hitler taking power in
1.2 Basically everyone hated
1.3 Blamed for Treaty of Versailles. And, you know,
1.4 Groups tried to take power, like the
Spartacist's and the Freikorp. Yeah, they all
failed at doing that.
1.5.1 German government had no money to pay the
reparations, so they printed more. HOW DID
THAT WORK OUT FOR YOU, GERMANY?!
1.5.2 Value of money went DOWN, and prices went UP.
1.5.3 People ended up trading their
possessions for stuff they needed.
1.6 Munich Putsch
1.6.1 Hitler planned to seize power in Munich, where
the Nazis had a lot of support.
1.6.2 Hitler marched into Munich, expecting to receive help. He was betrayed and the
police were alerted. 16 Nazis and 3 Policemen were killed. Hitler escaped in a car
but he was arrested 2 days later.
1.6.3 It was after he was arrested
that Hitler wrote the infamous
126.96.36.199 In prison, he
re-thought his plans.
188.8.131.52.1 Used his trial as publicity.
1.6.4 ...this didn't turn out so well. But it sure
showed Germany what the Nazis and
Hitler were capable of.
2 Treaty of Versailles
2.1 Given to Germany after
2.2.1 No German troops
allowed in Rhineland
2.2.2 Lost overseas colonies
2.2.3 No airforce
2.2.4 Army and Navy limited
2.2.5 10% industry and 15% farming
land taken from them
2.2.6 Made to pay Reparations, a
total of £66 Million for
2.2.7 Lost a total of 13% land
2.2.8 Blamed for war.
3 Led by this guy right here:
3.1 Everyone would have liked to lock
him in a cupboard.
3.2 Angry at EVERYONE.
3.3 Hitler's Henchmen
3.3.1 Josef Goebbels
3.3.2 Hermann Goering
3.3.3 Rudolf Hess
3.3.4 Heinrich Himmler
3.3.5 Ernst Rohm
3.4 He became Chancellor of Germany in 1933.
4 The Political Spectrum:
5 Dawes/Young Plan
5.1 Germany owed money to USA, GB and
France. Unable to pay.
5.2 USA loaned Germany money so that
they could rebuild industry and country
(80 mill. marks)
5.2.1 Money generated used to repay debts.
5.3 Reparations reduced by 75% (Young Plan)
6 The Great Depression
6.1 Whole world affected by the Wall Street Crash in
1929, but Germany was badly affected from 1929 to 1933.
6.1.1 Weimar couldn't deal with it and became unpopular
again. Basically they suck okay.
6.1.2 Unemployment up to 6 million in 1932.
6.1.3 Businesses closed, incomes fell
6.1.4 40% of all factory workers unemployed by 1932
6.1.5 In 1933 over half of all
Germans between the
ages of 16 and 30 were
7.1 Hitler's personal bodyguard.
7.3 Led by Himmler
7.4 Elite and well disciplined.
7.5 Later ran the
fought in WW2.
7.6.1 Nazi private army.
7.6.3 Led by Rohm
7.6.4 Intimidated +
beat up Nazi
7.6.5 Disorderly + Badly
8 How did they get
people to vote?
8.1.1 Speeches, Posters,
Radio adverts, election
8.2 'Superman Hitler'
8.2.1 His physical
appearance adapted on
8.2.2 Amazing speeches
8.2.3 Never wore reading glasses in public
8.3.1 Promises to everyone.
8.3.2 Vague promises to
'make Germany great
9 Steps in the Nazi rise to power
9.1 Hitler becomes Chancellor (Jan 1933)
9.1.1 Reichstag Fire (Feb 1933)
184.108.40.206 1933 Election (March)
220.127.116.11.1 Banned Communists
18.104.22.168.1.1 The Enabling Act (March 1933)
22.214.171.124.1.1.1 Hindenburg died (August 1934)
126.96.36.199.188.8.131.52 Hitler became a Dictator
10 The Gestapo
10.1 Commanded by
Himmler. They tapped
phones, intercepted mail
and spied on people.
10.2 Large network throughout Germany.
10.3 One comment against the Nazis was
enough to get you arrested.
10.4 Most feared group by Nazi
11 Education and
11.1 Children were 'indoctrinated'
with Nazi ideas.
11.2 Leadership Schools
11.2.1 Best children sent to 'Napolas'
(National Political Institutes of
Education), controlled by the SS to
educate future chiefs for the
government and Army
11.2.2 Future political leaders prepared in 'Adolf
Hitler Schools'. These provided a
11.3.1 Nazi teachers and other
students bullied Jewish children
11.3.2 Jews made to feel left out
11.3.3 Teachers had to be
members of the Nazi
Teachers organisation or
they would lose their jobs.
MOST teachers who were not
Nazis resigned and were
11.4 Banned most youth groups in 1933.
11.5 After 1936, membership of the Hitler Youth was
compulsory, apart from Jewish people.
12 Persecution of the Jews over time
12.1 1933-34 ~
12.1.1 April '33 - Official one day boycott of Jewish
shops, lawyers and doctors all over Germany.
12.1.2 Anti Jewish propaganda increased.
12.2 1935 ~ Organised persecution
12.2.1 Jews forbidden to join army.
12.2.2 Marriages between Jews and Aryans banned
12.2.3 Forbade them to have sexual
relations outside marriage.
12.2.4 Reich citizenship Law - Made Jews
'subjects' rather than citizens, i.e.
they lost certain rights.
12.3 1936 - Break in persecution because of
the Berlin Olympics
12.4 1937 - Serious Persecution
12.4.1 For the first time in two years Hitler made
an attack on the Jews. More Jewish
businesses were confiscated
12.5 1938 - Serious Persecution
12.5.1 Jews had to register their property, making it
easier to confiscate.
12.5.2 Jewish Doctors,
dentists and lawyers
were forbidden to
12.5.3 Jews had to have a red letter 'J'
stamped on their passports.
12.5.4 Kristallnacht - Nazis
synagogues, homes and
12.5.5 Jewish pupils only allowed to
attend Jewish schools.
12.6 1939 - Serious Persecution
12.6.1 All Jews had to add new first names - Sarah for women, Israel for Men.
12.7.1 "Crystal Night" or "Night of Broken Glass"
12.7.2 German diplomat called Ernst Von Rath murdered
in Paris by a Jewish man
12.7.3 Happened on 9-10th November 1938
12.7.4 Spontaneous, or planned?
12.7.5 Hitler Youth involved - said to be only ones in Uniform.