Injury

bagzxx
Mind Map by bagzxx, updated more than 1 year ago
bagzxx
Created by bagzxx almost 7 years ago
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GCSE PE Mind Map on Injury, created by bagzxx on 05/10/2013.
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Injury
1 Internally caused injuries - where the performer is solely responsible
1.1 Overuse injuries - caused by wither training /training too much
1.1.1 Stress fractures & muscle and tendon injuries like tennis elbow & cartilage damage
1.2 Sudden injuries - strain put on body owing a lot of stretching, twisting & turning
1.2.1 Hamstring pulls
2 Externally caused injuries- caused by other factors other than the performer e.g. equipment, opponent & playing conditions
2.1 Foul play/incorrect action including poor/incorrect technique - rules there to prevent this
2.2 Impact injuries - impact from another player, equipment or playing surface
2.2.1 E.g. goal post, football boots, hockey sticks, artificial turf, outdoor court & sports hall floor
2.3 Equipment/clothing - damaged or Faulty equipment
2.3.1 Splinter from hockey stick, non-fixed portable goal or badly fitting trainers - too tight causing blisters/loose fitting clothing in trampolining
3 Common injuries - head injuries, fractures, hypothermia, pulled muscles and dislocations
3.1 RICE principle:Rest_Ice_Compress_Elevate
3.2 Sprain is an injury to a ligament & occurs when you fall awkwardly. Strain is an injury to a muscle or tendon and occurs if you exercise too much or by heavy lifting
4 How to avoid injury
4.1 Ground should be clean and clear - no objects like large stones/conkers => slipping
4.2 People looking out for you e.g. spotters in trampolining
4.3 Wearing appropriate guards e.g. pads & helmet in cricket and gloves for boxing
4.4 No faulty equipment & make sure it is set up properly e.g. Trampoline
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