Liberal Reforms

Tomiwa Oko-Osi
Mind Map by , created over 6 years ago

gcse History Mind Map on Liberal Reforms, created by Tomiwa Oko-Osi on 05/13/2013.

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Tomiwa Oko-Osi
Created by Tomiwa Oko-Osi over 6 years ago
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Liberal Reforms
1 Why?
1.1 To get more votes in The House Of Commons
1.2 Because their rival countries, (America and Germany) were becoming better than them
1.3 To improve national efficiency.

Annotations:

  • The Boer War (1899-1902) showed this. 1/3 of the men who joined up to fight in the Boer War were sent back due to poor health. As well as this 60% of the men who joined up in Manchester were also sent back for the same reason.
2 What
2.1 Elderly
2.1.1 Old Age Pensions

Annotations:

  • * Passed in 1908 * Had to be 'deserving' (not have a record for alcohol, laziness etc.) * Have to be >70 * Have to earn less than £21 a year * Pension = 5 Shillings p/w per person * Couples = 7 Shillings, 6d p/w * Discourages elderly from saving for retirement * Lord Salsbury disliked pensions
2.2 Children
2.2.1 Children's Charter

Annotations:

  • * Collection of measures in 1908 * Helped neglected children * Stopped kids from buying alcohol, tobacco and fireworks * They had a curfew and made sure there was no prostitution * Borstals helped reformed young peeps * Probabtion System set up for young offenders * Working hours restricted * Illegal for children to do certain jobs
2.2.2 School Meals Act

Annotations:

  • * Introduced by a Labour back bencher * Introduced in 1906 * 1914- Provided 150,000 free school meals a day
2.2.3 Free school medical inspections

Annotations:

  • * Introduced 1907 * To get treatment you had to pay until 1912 * But you got free treatement TB * Checked up once a year
2.3 Labour Exchanges

Annotations:

  • * Act introduced in 1909 * Set up in 1910  * Was like a job centre  * 1914 - 400 exchanges set up which filled millions of vacancies p/y
2.4 Trade Boards Act

Annotations:

  • * Introduced in 1909 * Helped low-paid workers in 'sweated trades' * Made minimum wage for these trades compulsory
2.5 National Insurance Act
2.5.1 Health Insurance

Annotations:

  • * Introduced in 1911 * Covered all workers earning £160 or less a year * Covered much of working class population (16,000,000) * Worker = 4d a week   Government = 2d a week   Employer = 3d a week   Total = 9d a week of insurance/ approx. £2 a year * When ill/unable to work, worker could claim payments of 10 shillings a week for 26 weeks * Also included maternity benefit
2.5.2 Unemployment Insurance

Annotations:

  • * Work of Churchill* Only available in Britain* Made to protect men in industries and seasonal unemployment (e.g. ship building and engineering)* Covered 2,500,000 workers* Worker and employer = 2.5d a week * Unemployed: Worker = 7 shillings a week for 15 weeks
3 Were they effective?
3.1 Ya

Annotations:

  • * "Lifting the shadows of the workhouse." - Lloyd George commenting on the Old Age Pensions* Able to get the government involved in the poor people's daily life.* Although very little, people were grateful for the reforms and the reforms were popular* Free TB treatment * Social Service state * Enabled a healthier and more educated future workforce * Reforms set up the responsibility of the state (brought the poor people to the government's attention)
3.2 Nuh-uh

Annotations:

  • * Didn't become a welfare state (till after WWII) * National Health Service not set up till 1948 * Work Houses not abolished til 1929 * People still punished for being poor (Poor Law not abolished till 1929) * Role of Lloyd George slightly exaggerated * Payments didn't last long (max. 26 weeks but usually 16) * Money was being taken away from the poorbefore they could get their hands on it. * People in sweated trades only got minimum wage

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