Dubcek became Czechoslovakian leader in 1968 and made changes to the country
1.1.1 Workers were given greater say in the
running of their factories
1.1.2 Travel to the west was made available for all
1.1.3 Living standards were raised
1.1.4 Free elections were to be held
1.1.5 Opposition parties would be permitted
1.2 Dubcek was still a communist...
1.2.1 He was careful to
would not leave
the Warsaw Pact
1.3 The USSR were worried - they didn't want the Eastern Bloc to be weakened
2 Cuban Missile Crisis
2.1 Cuba was only 100 miles from the USA
2.2 Castro wanted to get rid of American influence
2.2.1 Cuban rebels in America plotted an invasion
2.3 Soviet Nuclear missiles were shipped to Cuba
3 The Hungarian Revolution
... Is an example of one of the many uprisings which followed the death of Stalin.
Soviet policy seemed to be changing under the new leader - Khrushchev.
3.1 The USSR put Rákosi, a brutal Stalinist,
in charge of Hungary
3.1.1 His authoritarian regime became
Authoritarianism is a form of government. It is characterized by the absolute or blind obedience to authority, as against against individual freedom and related to the expectation of unquestioning obedience.
3.1.2 The people of Budapest protested against the government of Rákosi
220.127.116.11 The secret police were hunted down.
They had executed or imprisoned thousands of Hungarians.
18.104.22.168 Khrushchev allowed the liberal Nagy to become
the Hungarian Prime Minister
Khrushchev was a Soviet leader who made a secret speech denouncing Stalin's brutality.
Khrushchev stressed the need for a peaceful co-exsistence with the West.
22.214.171.124.1 Nagy hoped that Hungary could also be a neutral state.
Austria (which borders Hungary) declared itself a neutral state in 1955.
126.96.36.199.1.1 In NOVEMBER 1956 Nagy announced that Hungary would
withdraw from the Warsaw Pact and hold free elections -
ending communism there.
3.2 Soviet tanks invaded Hungary in OCTOBER 1956
This was ordered by Khrushchev.
3.2.1 Nagy was arrested and hanged
188.8.131.52 The Hungarian government asked the UN for help, but the USSR
vetoed the draft resolution calling on them to remove their tanks.
184.108.40.206 Kádár became Prime Minister and ensured loyalty to the USSR.
3.3 Over 20 00 Hungarians were killed
3.4 Western countries condemned the USSR's actions
3.4.1 USA couldn't come
to Hungary's aid
without risking a
220.127.116.11 INSTEAD they used the invasion and anti USSR propaganda
4 U2 Crisis
5 The Berlin Wall
5.1 Between 1949 and 1961, more than 2.5 million people left East
Germany for the West through East Berlin.
5.1.1 The communist government of East Germany were
worried by this trend.
5.1.2 AUGUST 1961 - a 30 mile barrier was built across the city of Berlin overnight.
It separated East Berlin from West Berlin
18.104.22.168 It was fortified with:
22.214.171.124.1 Barbed wire
126.96.36.199.2 Machine gun posts
188.8.131.52 Anyone who tried to escape East Berlin was shot
184.108.40.206 West Berliners were separated from their relatives in the East - for the next 30 years.