Hitler and the growth of the Nazi Party 1918-33

Matthew T
Mind Map by , created over 5 years ago

A mind map summarising all the key details on the growth of the Nazi Party for EdExcel GCSE History A Unit 2: Modern World Depth Study - Germany.

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Matthew T
Created by Matthew T over 5 years ago
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Hitler and the growth of the Nazi Party 1918-33
1 Hitler's early life
1.1 Born in Austria 1889
1.2 Went to Vienna to study art but became destitute
1.3 Anti-Semitism rife in Vienna (due to wealth of Jews)
1.4 Joined German army 1914 + won Iron Cross
1.5 Felt betrayed by Weimar politicians
1.6 Met Anton Draxler of DAP while working in intelligence services in Munich
2 The early Nazi Party
2.1 Hitler joined in 1919
2.2 Renamed Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (NSDAP)
2.3 Hitler leader in 1921
2.4 Private army of Sturmabteilung (SA) used to protect meetings or disturb Communists
2.5 25-point programme: reverse Versailles, destroy Communism + make Germany great
2.6 1922: 3,000 members
3 The Munich Putsch 1923
3.1 Causes
3.1.1 Unpopularity of government due to Ruhr invasion + hyperinflation
3.1.2 Convinced of support in Munich
3.1.3 Emulating Mussolini's March on Rome
3.2 Events
3.2.1 Hitler bursts into Beer Hall during meeting
3.2.2 Forces Kahr to join him
3.2.3 Police alerted + minor skirmish in which 16 Nazis killed
3.2.4 Hitler + Ludendorff arrested
3.3 Results
3.3.1 Hitler sentenced to prison in Landsberg BUT minimum sentence given
3.3.2 Nazi Party banned until 1927
3.3.3 Hitler gained popularity + notoriety
3.3.4 Mein Kampf published - reorganised party
4 Nazi lean years
4.1 Failures
4.1.1 Unpopular due to success of Stresemann
4.1.2 Only 12 seats in 1928 election
4.1.3 Internal disagreements
4.2 Successes
4.2.1 Plan devised to reinvent the party
4.2.2 Attempting to take power democratically
4.2.3 Gauleiter set up - better administration + more efficient
5 Rise in popularity 1929-33
5.1 Wall Street Crash: rocketing unemployment - needed a strong party to turn to solve problems
5.2 Hitler: a charismatic leader who made people believe he could solve problems
5.3 Josef Goebbels: propaganda campaigns increased support, particularly during 1932 Presidential Election
5.4 SA: gave impression of discipline + order - lacking in Depression
5.5 Industrialist support - Bosch, Krupp etc. funded expensive campaigns
6 How Hitler became Chancellor, 1932-33
6.1 Jul 1932: Chancellor Bruning removed, Nazis largest party but Hindenburg suspicious - von Papen chancellor
6.2 Nov-Dec 1932: Nazis lost seats + von Papen replaced with von Schleicher
6.3 Von Papen furious - connived with Hindenburg (believed they could control Hitler)
6.4 30 Jan 1933 - Hitler made Chancellor

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