Labour in power

Matthew T
Mind Map by , created over 5 years ago

A mind map summarising all the key details of the Labour government following the war for EdExcel GCSE History A Unit 3: Modern World Source Enquiry - War and the transformation of British society 1931-51.

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Matthew T
Created by Matthew T over 5 years ago
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Labour in power
1 1945 general election
1.1 Unpopularity of Conservatives
1.1.1 Churchill's lack of sympathy in General Strike put people off
1.1.2 Churchill's comment that Labour would need "some sort of Gestapo"
1.1.3 Association with depression + appeasement
1.1.4 Opposition to the welfare state
1.1.5 Reliance on Churchill in campaigns + smear campaign against Labour
1.2 Appeal of Labour
1.2.1 People wanted reform
1.2.2 Not as tired as Conservatives
1.2.3 Attlee was calm + confident
1.2.4 Labour's important role in wartime government (Morrison, Bevin, Cripps)
1.2.5 Promised change - no mistakes
2 Beveridge Report 1942
2.1 Want - lack of basic needs
2.2 Squalor - poor living conditions (introduction of new houses)
2.3 Ignorance - lack of education (education reform 1944, introduction of tripartite system)
2.4 Disease - poor healthcare
2.5 Idleness - unemployment (large job schemes)
2.6 Five giant problems
3 Attack on want
3.1 Family allowance: 1945 - 5 shillings/week for additional children to 16 or in work (no means test)
3.2 National insurance: 1946 - taxpayers paid, sickness benefit indefinitely, unemployment benefit for 6 months
3.3 Industrial Injuries Act, 1946: tribunals to determine compensation for injuries at work
3.4 National Assistance Act 1948: prevented extreme poverty, minimum income for all
4 Origins of the NHS
4.1 National Health Service Act 1946
4.2 Aneurin Bevan Minister of Health
4.3 Free medical, dental, hospital, ophthalmological treatment
4.4 Free medicine, spectacles, false teeth
4.5 Hospitals in government control
4.6 Councils provided midwives, home nurses + ambulances
4.7 Paid for by tax
4.8 Doctors paid by NHS
4.9 BMA opposition of losing independence, so allowed to treat private patients
4.10 Began 5 Jul 1948
5 Consequences of the NHS
5.1 Successes
5.1.1 Improvements in medicine (fall in infant mortality)
5.1.2 Better provision for elderly
5.1.3 Ante-natal clinics + maternity benefit
5.1.4 Reduction of disease
5.1.5 Massive use of dental treatment
5.2 Failures
5.2.1 Expensive (£400mn in first year)
5.2.2 Taxpayers thought money squandered
5.2.3 System abused
5.2.4 Double standards of private practice
5.2.5 Charges introduced - Bevan resigned

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