Question: Ulster Plantation Settler - People in History Question

Note by , created over 6 years ago

Leaving Certificate History (07. Changes in Land Ownership: Plantation in Ireland) Note on Question: Ulster Plantation Settler - People in History Question, created by cian.buckley on 04/21/2013.

Created by cian.buckley over 6 years ago
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Question:2012, Question 4, A, (iii)Write about:A settler who received land during a named plantation in Ireland during the 16th or 17th century 

Answer:Sir Basil Brooke, an English gentleman in the service of His Majesty King James I received land during the Ulster plantationThe Irish chieftains, led by Hugh O' Neill were dissatisfied with the spread of English power throughout Ulster. In an attempt to seek foreign help they left Ulster. This event was known as the 'Flight of the Earls'Ulster was left leaderless and the Crown confiscated the land owned by the departing chieftains. It was decided to plant 6 counties (Armagh, Cavan, Tyrone, Donegal, Derry and Fermanagh) with loyal English and Scottish settlersThere were three main types of landowners in this Plantation: Undertakers, Servitors and Loyal IrishUndertakers and Servitors were required to build a stone house or castle and a defensive enclosure or bawn to protect their settlements from attackThe Planters suffered from attacks from the Native Irish who had lost their land. Travelling for example was very dangerousThe government had difficulty persuading enough Undertakers to come to Ireland. King James forced 12 London trade guilds (Drapers, Goldsmiths, Salters, Vintners, etc.) to assist in the Plantation in Co. DerryThese businessmen formed the Irish Society and let out lands to tenants. They also built two towns; Derry and ColeraineThe towns were built to a simple plan with a diamond-shaped market place in the centre and 4 roads leading from the market placeThis was the first Plantation that was succesful in Ireland. By 1618 there were 40,000 settlers in Ulster

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