Chemical AOD. Toxic elements and compounds toxicity- Test 6 Disaster Medicine- 3rd Year PMU

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Quiz by Med Student , updated more than 1 year ago
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Chemical AOD. Toxic elements and compounds toxicity- Test 6 Disaster Medicine- 3rd Year PMU

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
How many zones could you distinguish in chemical AOD?
Answer
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5

Question 2

Question
The Chemical AOD is related to:
Answer
  • type and quality of the released chemical, temperature in the environment, wind direction
  • quantity of the released chemical, temperature in the environment, wind speed and direction
  • type and quantity of the released chemical, temperature in the environment, wind speed and direction
  • type and quantity of the released chemical, wind speed and direction

Question 3

Question
What are the zones, in the Chemical AOD?
Answer
  • hot, warm, and cold
  • zone of danger concentration, zone of high danger concentration, zone of lethal concentration
  • zone of the chemical spill, zone of damaging concentration, zone of lethal concentration
  • zone of lethal concentration, zone of damaging concentration, zone of dangerous concentration

Question 4

Question
Which is the first aid activity when a casualty in Chemical AOD is found?
Answer
  • triage
  • first aid- ABC and CPR
  • stop the contact with the chemical
  • antidote administration

Question 5

Question
Where medlcal temporary stations are located in case of Chemical AOD?
Answer
  • in the cold zone
  • in the zone of dangerous concentration
  • in the vicinity of the AOD in line with wind direction
  • in the vicinity of the AOD opposite to the wind direction

Question 6

Question
Prior to leave the Chemical AOD, chemical casualties have to be:
Answer
  • triaged
  • with gas masks
  • decontaminated
  • none of the above mentioned

Question 7

Question
The toxic chemicals are classified in:
Answer
  • 3 groups
  • 4 groups
  • 5 groups
  • 6 groups

Question 8

Question
List the groups of toxic chemicals [blank_start]Blood[blank_end] Poisons [blank_start]General[blank_end] Poisons [blank_start]Neuroparalytic[blank_end] [blank_start]Respiratory[blank_end] Poisons [blank_start]Skin rash[blank_end] [blank_start]Tissue[blank_end] poisons
Answer
  • Blood
  • General
  • Neuroparalytic
  • Respiratory
  • Skin rash
  • Tissue

Question 9

Question
Route of exposure for Ammonia is:
Answer
  • inhalation
  • ingestion
  • skin
  • all of the above mentioned

Question 10

Question
Route of exposure for Carbon monoxide is:
Answer
  • inhalation
  • ingestion
  • skin
  • all of the above mentioned

Question 11

Question
Route of exposure for cyanides is:
Answer
  • inhalation
  • ingestion
  • skin
  • all of the above mentioned

Question 12

Question
Route of exposure for phosphor-organlc compounds:
Answer
  • inhalation
  • ingestion
  • skin
  • all of the above mentioned

Question 13

Question
Cyanides react with:
Answer
  • ferrous ions in Hemoglobin
  • ferric ions in mitochondrial cytochromoxydaze
  • cholinesterase
  • water in the mucosa

Question 14

Question
Phosphor-organic compounds react with:
Answer
  • ferrous ions in Hemoglobin
  • ferric ions in mitochondrial cytochromoxydaze
  • cholinesterase
  • water in the mucosa

Question 15

Question
Carbon monoxide reacts with:
Answer
  • ferrous ions in Hemoglobin
  • ferric ions in mitochondrial cytochromoxydaze
  • acethilcholine esterase
  • water in the mucosa

Question 16

Question
Chlorine reacts with:
Answer
  • ferrous ions in Hemoglobin
  • ferric ions in mitochondrial cytochromoxydaze
  • acethilcholine esterase
  • water in the mucosa

Question 17

Question
Ammonia cloud is characterized by
Answer
  • optic density, high temperature, drops, air and vapor
  • optic density, low temperature, failing drops of ammonia, air and vapor
  • transparent, low temperature, drops, air and vapor
  • optic density, low temperature, drops, air and vapor

Question 18

Question
How you could distinguish the necrosis in respiratory tract caused by Ammonia and Chlorine?
Answer
  • by the pulmonary edema
  • by the toxic-allergic edema of chordae vocalis
  • none of the above mentioned
  • both of the above mentioned

Question 19

Question
When blood transfusion is required?
Answer
  • in cyanides’ poisoning
  • in phosphor-organic compounds’ poisoning
  • in carbon monoxide poisoning
  • in ammonia-poisoning

Question 20

Question
The specific antidote for phosphor-organic poisoning is:
Answer
  • amyl nitrate
  • atropine
  • sodium thiosulfate
  • cholinesterase reactivators
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