Surgery MCQs 2- 3rd Year- PMU

Med Student
Quiz by Med Student , updated more than 1 year ago
Med Student
Created by Med Student over 3 years ago
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Surgery MCQs 2

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
Resection is
Answer
  • excision of a part of an organ
  • incison of an organ
  • removal of an organ
  • transplantation of an organ

Question 2

Question
Systemic alterations in burns are generalized as
Answer
  • thermic shock
  • thermic toxic infection
  • thermic disease
  • total combustion

Question 3

Question
Minimum sterilization time for instruments in autoclave at 120C and 2 atm is
Answer
  • 20 mins
  • 35 mins
  • 45 mins
  • 1h

Question 4

Question
Operative wounds heal mostly
Answer
  • primarily
  • secondarily
  • under crust
  • without scar

Question 5

Question
The most complete and accurate definition for hemorrhage is- blood pouring into
Answer
  • surrounding environment
  • body cavities
  • tissues
  • tissues, cavities and surrounding environment

Question 6

Question
Hematoma is
Answer
  • confined blood collection in tissues
  • hemorrhage in abdominal organs
  • hemorrhage in surrounding environment
  • vomiting

Question 7

Question
Primary medical assistance for burns doesn't include
Answer
  • saline lavage of the burnt surface
  • necrectomy
  • pain killers application
  • antiseptic bandage application

Question 8

Question
The most reliable and rapid method for instruments sterilization in hospital conditions is
Answer
  • autoclave with steam current
  • autoclave with elevated pressure
  • dry sterilization
  • bactericide lamps

Question 9

Question
Arterial hemorrhage is
Answer
  • dark blood evenly flowing peripheral vascular end
  • blood flowing into merging small drops
  • pulsating flow of clear red blood from proximal vascular end
  • hemorrhage with no specific characteristics

Question 10

Question
A mandatory examination in patients with rectorrhagia is
Answer
  • rectal examination
  • laproscopy
  • fibro gastroscopy
  • sphincter tonometry

Question 11

Question
Formaldehyde vapors are used for sterilizing
Answer
  • cutting tools
  • rubber latex gloves
  • instruments with optical systems
  • gauze bandages

Question 12

Question
A cause for sepsis development is not
Answer
  • deep burn
  • closed fracture
  • random wounds
  • carbuncle

Question 13

Question
Lidocaine hydrochloride is a
Answer
  • weak alkali
  • weak acid
  • ester
  • amide

Question 14

Question
A temporal hemostasis method is:
Answer
  • suturing vessel ligature
  • free vessel ligature
  • vessel electrocoagulation
  • digital vessel compression

Question 15

Question
When assessing the burn area by palm, it is equal to:
Answer
  • 0.5% of body surface
  • 1-1.5% of body surface
  • 3% of body surface
  • 5% of body surface

Question 16

Question
Wound healing by granulation per se is:
Answer
  • primary healing
  • secondary healing
  • healing under crust
  • none of the above

Question 17

Question
Primary medical assistance in treating wounds includes:
Answer
  • cleaning, hemostasis, bandage, anti-tetanus shot
  • taking wound secretion to be examined, antibiotics
  • quick transport to a surgeon
  • none of the above

Question 18

Question
Injury of which structure leads to air emboli:
Answer
  • jugular vein
  • brachial artery
  • saphenous vein
  • femoral artery

Question 19

Question
From the place of gunshot, perforative area includes the distance:
Answer
  • till 500m
  • from 500 till 1500m
  • from 1500m till 2500m
  • over 2500m

Question 20

Question
Traumatic shock with hypovolemia. You apply which:
Answer
  • antibiotics
  • vasodilators
  • crystalloid infusions
  • antihistamines

Question 21

Question
Meteorism means:
Answer
  • bullous pulmonary emphysema
  • severe dilation of the gall bladder
  • significant pyelo- calix kidney dilation
  • dilation of the intestines

Question 22

Question
Main pathogenetic moment in developing strangulation ileus is:
Answer
  • disrupted intestinal innervation
  • disrupted intestinal blood supply
  • disrupted intestinal continuity by acute fecaloma obturation
  • none of the above

Question 23

Question
Laparocentesis does not include
Answer
  • abdominal punction and aspiration of ascites liquid
  • abdominal punction for pneumoperitoneum
  • abdominal punction with insertion drainage
  • abdominal punction and inspection of the peritoneal cavity

Question 24

Question
The most accurate method for fistula examination is:
Answer
  • CT scan
  • Fistula probing
  • Fistulography
  • Ultrasonography

Question 25

Question
First thing to do in u patient with rectorrhagia
Answer
  • contrast enema
  • ultrasonography
  • rectal examination
  • fibro colonoscopy

Question 26

Question
Incision is:
Answer
  • conjoining tissues
  • severing tissues
  • multistage operation
  • none of the above

Question 27

Question
Thoracocentesis is an operation of
Answer
  • thoracic wall, pleura and lung
  • thoracic wall and lung
  • thoracic wall and pleura
  • pleura and lung

Question 28

Question
Patients cured from malign tumors are considered:
Answer
  • survived 3 years and no recidive
  • survived 5 years
  • tumor is completely removed and have survived 4 years
  • none of the above

Question 29

Question
Histological type of the tumor is determined by
Answer
  • MRI, CT, US
  • Endoscopic examining technique
  • Surgical manipulations and operations
  • Immunological examining method

Question 30

Question
For laparoscopic surgery it's not typical:
Answer
  • minimal operative trauma
  • shortened hospital stay
  • prolonged temporary disability
  • relatively higher cost than conventional surgery

Question 31

Question
It is not done laparoscopically:
Answer
  • gastric resection
  • removal or suprarenal glands
  • aorto-bifemoral bypass
  • pancreatic resection

Question 32

Question
Enterostomy is not
Answer
  • exteriorization of an intestinal loop
  • linking the lumens of intestinal loops
  • leaving abdominal wall open after surgery
  • none of the above

Question 33

Question
Amputation means
Answer
  • diagnostic surgical manipulation
  • a type of mini invasive procedure
  • removal of an organ or the distal part
  • none of the above

Question 34

Question
Radical operation
Answer
  • gastrostomy
  • choledochotomy
  • hemicolectomy
  • colopexy

Question 35

Question
Dry sterilization for instruments should be done at what temperature
Answer
  • 120C
  • 150C
  • 180C
  • 200C

Question 36

Question
Total hands sterility before surgery can be accomplished using
Answer
  • Chlorhexidine
  • Furbringer's method
  • Alfred's method
  • None of the above

Question 37

Question
Venous bleeding
Answer
  • blood flowing into merging small drops
  • pulsating flow of clear red blod
  • dark blood evenly flowing from peripheral vascular end
  • bleeding with no specific characteristics

Question 38

Question
The most common cause for septicemia is
Answer
  • staphylococcus
  • streptococcus
  • anarobes
  • pneumococcus

Question 39

Question
Combustio bullosa is what kind of burn
Answer
  • I degree
  • II degree
  • IIIA degree
  • IIIB degree

Question 40

Question
Local abberations in frostbite
Answer
  • I, II, IIIA, IIIB, IV
  • I, II, IIIA, IIIB
  • I, IIA, IIB, III
  • I, II, III, IV

Question 41

Question
Vulnus punctum means
Answer
  • gunshot wounds
  • penetrating wounds
  • stab wound
  • none of the above

Question 42

Question
Which wounds most often heal primarily
Answer
  • stab wounds
  • lacerated and contused wound
  • cut wounds
  • bite wounds

Question 43

Question
Capillary Bleeding is
Answer
  • pulsating flow with bright red color
  • dark-colored flow, with no pulsations, from peripheral vessel end
  • blood flowing into merging small drops
  • bleeding with no particular characteristics

Question 44

Question
Definitive hemostasis for an a. ulnaris lesion is accomplished how:
Answer
  • compressive bandage
  • digital compression
  • instrumental clamping
  • vascular suture

Question 45

Question
Second stage of development of malignant tumor means
Answer
  • Still localized process
  • Existing solitary organ metastases
  • Affecting the adjacent(organ) lymph nodes
  • A, B and C together

Question 46

Question
Ablastics is a system of actions and measures aiming at:
Answer
  • isolating ill from healthy people
  • prophylactic antitumor measures among the medical personnel
  • exterminating tumor cells in the operative wound
  • prevention of intraoperative dissemination of cancer cells

Question 47

Question
Primary wound suture is done until
Answer
  • 3rd hour after trauma has occurred
  • 6th hour
  • 12th hour
  • 24th hour

Question 48

Question
The newly-developed epithelium in healing wounds:
Answer
  • has all the characteristics in the rest of epithelium
  • has more cutaneal appendices than the rest epithelium
  • has no cutaneal appendices
  • none of the above

Question 49

Question
Flatulence means:
Answer
  • vomiting blood
  • evacuating dark urine
  • evacuating gas
  • evacuating feces

Question 50

Question
Main reason tor obturation ileus is
Answer
  • disrupted intestinal blood supply
  • disrupted intestinal innervation
  • disrupted intestinal continuity due to obstructing fecaloma
  • none of the above

Question 51

Question
Replantation means transplanting the graft where:
Answer
  • back to the same place, once mote, after it's been primarily rejected
  • to a new anatomical location
  • back to the original location
  • none of the above

Question 52

Question
The first heart transplantation was done by:
Answer
  • Norman Shamway
  • Michael DeBakey
  • Christian Bernard
  • Bielog and Tausig

Question 53

Question
Which of the mentioned is not a cosmetic suture
Answer
  • subcuticular
  • subepidermoidal
  • subcutaneal
  • intradermal

Question 54

Question
Draining the operative wound is
Answer
  • desirable
  • undesirable
  • individual with indications
  • obligatory

Question 55

Question
The Acute Appendicitis is operated
Answer
  • always an emergency operation
  • delayed emergency
  • operation with limited delay
  • based on indications and planned operations

Question 56

Question
Endoscopic mini invasive technique is not used for:
Answer
  • thoracic surgery
  • abdominal surgery
  • gynecologic surgery
  • none of the above

Question 57

Question
In laparoscopic cholecystectomy, intraabdominally what is not used:
Answer
  • discolor
  • scalpel
  • scissors
  • grasper

Question 58

Question
Ectomy means:
Answer
  • incising a pan of an organ
  • removing a part of an organ
  • removing a whole organ
  • none of the above

Question 59

Question
Immediately after finishing the sterilization of the drum
Answer
  • Control the sterility
  • Mark the drum
  • Arrange outside the autoclave vessel
  • Close the side apertures of the drum

Question 60

Question
For prophylaxis of air infection we do not use
Answer
  • UV radiation of the air
  • Aspiration ventilation of the operating room
  • Treatment of the surgical field
  • Putting on mask

Question 61

Question
Regional nerve block of fingers is used
Answer
  • 0.25% lidocaine solution
  • 0.5% lidocaine solution
  • 0.2% lidocaine solution
  • 2% lidocaine solution

Question 62

Question
Brain death criteria is not
Answer
  • areflexia sleep coma
  • full central paresis of breathing
  • isoelectric line of the electroencephalography
  • dramatically reduction in intracranial circulation

Question 63

Question
Typical local signs of gas gangrene are
Answer
  • expressed local inflammatory reaction necrosis
  • edema, rubor, local pain, lymphangitis, lymphadenitis
  • lack of expressed local inflammatory reaction, subcutaneous emphysema, crepitus
  • none of the above

Question 64

Question
Douglas abcess
Answer
  • abscess of the salivary gland
  • type of paranephral abcess
  • chronic appendicular abscess
  • abscess in the pelvis

Question 65

Question
There is no indication for wound drain
Answer
  • infected wound
  • uncertain hemostasis
  • a cavity in the stitched wound
  • clean incised wound

Question 66

Question
In spontaneous hemostasis thrombsis formed in:
Answer
  • 1st stage/ vascular
  • 2nd stage/ endothelium - plate
  • 3rd stage/ plasma
  • in all stages

Question 67

Question
For benign tumor is typical
Answer
  • fast growth
  • inflitrative grwth
  • metastasis
  • none of the above

Question 68

Question
Uncharacteristic sign of malignant tumors
Answer
  • anemia
  • consumable syndrome
  • progressive intermittent claudication
  • asthenia

Question 69

Question
Artificial external fistula is:
Answer
  • Tracheo- esophageal
  • Gastro- central
  • Gastrostomy
  • Choledocho- duodenal

Question 70

Question
The most - favorable way of wound healing is:
Answer
  • primary
  • secondary
  • under the crust
  • with keloid

Question 71

Question
Sengstaken-Blakemore tube is used in
Answer
  • epitaxis
  • bleeding esophageal varices
  • bleeding duodenal ulcer
  • bleeding hemorrhoids

Question 72

Question
General injury of the body from am electric current is called
Answer
  • Electrocombustion
  • Electrocution
  • Fulmination
  • Electroshock

Question 73

Question
Bypass is
Answer
  • resection of plugged vascular segment and anastomosis
  • Patch of an absent part of vessel wall
  • A new blood pathway
  • Desobliteration of vessel

Question 74

Question
Internal enteral fistula is not
Answer
  • Gastrocolic
  • Cholecysto-duodenal
  • Ileostomy
  • Ileo-transverso anastomosis

Question 75

Question
In laproscopic surgery pneumoperitoneum is carried out with:
Answer
  • oxygen
  • nitrogen
  • carbon dioxide
  • laughing gas

Question 76

Question
Endoscopic cholecystectomy is mini-invasive operation of:
Answer
  • ductus hepaticus communis, ductus holedohus and ganbhdder
  • ductus holedohus and gallbladder
  • gallbladder
  • none of the above

Question 77

Question
Least risks of complications exist in:
Answer
  • Rectoromanoscopy
  • Anoscopy
  • Fibrocolonoscopy
  • Laparoscopy
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