Radiology Final MCQs-3rd Year- PMU

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Radiology Final MCQs

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Created by Med Student over 1 year ago
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Question 1

Question
Hypoventilation in cases of bronchial obstruction is caused by:
Answer
  • Partial bronchial stenosis
  • Valve bronchial stenosis
  • Complete bronchial stenosis

Question 2

Question
The presence of bilateral, multiple round shaped opacities on the chest X-ray is characteristic of:
Answer
  • Pneumonia caused by staphylococcus
  • Pulmonary metastases
  • An infiltrative - pneumonic tuberculosis

Question 3

Question
The lines of Kerly are due to:
Answer
  • Interstitial lung edema
  • Pneumonia
  • Peribronchial fibrosis

Question 4

Question
The haemodynamic changes in left atrium in cases of isolated mitral stenosis are due to:
Answer
  • Pulmonary plethora
  • Presence of regurgitation of blood during the contraction of left ventricle
  • Presence of residual blood during the contraction of left atrium

Question 5

Question
The hypertonic stomach is:
Answer
  • High and obliquely situated towards the spine
  • Situated on the left side of the Spine and up the biilliac line
  • Elongated and crossing the biilliac line

Question 6

Question
Chronic appendicitis has the following radiological signs:
Answer
  • Appendicostasis, ileostasis, coecostasis, fixation of the appendix, appendicolith
  • Retrocoecal location of the appendix
  • Cardiospasm and pylorospasm

Question 7

Question
The screening method for diagnosis of diseases of urogenital system is:
Answer
  • Intravenous urography
  • Ultrasound examination
  • Magnetic resonance

Question 8

Question
The most frequent complication of renal colic is:
Answer
  • renal cancer
  • anaemia
  • hydronephrosis

Question 9

Question
Osteoporosis is a process of:
Answer
  • demineralisation
  • hypermineralisation
  • reorganization of the bone structure

Question 10

Question
Which of the following radiological signs cannot be referred to the degenerative-distrophic diseases (artrosis) of the museum-skeletal system:
Answer
  • Soft tissues oedema
  • Calcification of the soft tissues
  • Focuses of osteolysis

Question 11

Question
Expiatory emphysema in bronchial obstruction is caused by:
Answer
  • simple bronchial stenosis
  • valve bronchial stenosis
  • complete bronchial stenosis

Question 12

Question
Ring shadows on frontal chest radiography are characteristic of:
Answer
  • pulmonary infarct
  • pulmonary metastases
  • lung cavities

Question 13

Question
Tear shaped heart is:
Answer
  • normal heart
  • the shape of heart in cases of congenital valvular disease
  • the shape of heart in cases of acquired valvular disease

Question 14

Question
The cardiac shadow increases its size in:
Answer
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Pericardial effusion
  • Both answers are correct

Question 15

Question
Normotonic stomach is:
Answer
  • High and obliquely situated towards the spine
  • Situated on the left side of the spine and up the biiliac line
  • Elongated and crossing the biiliac line

Question 16

Question
The sign of “rice" or of "snow storm" is characteristic of:
Answer
  • enteritis
  • lung cancer
  • a foreign body in the colon

Question 17

Question
Which of the following methods is not useful in the examination of the urogenital system?
Answer
  • Intravenous urography
  • HSG
  • Plain radiographs of the urogenital system

Question 18

Question
The method for primary diagnosis of hydronephrosis is:
Answer
  • CT of kidneys
  • Renovasography
  • Ultrasonography of kidneys

Question 19

Question
In cases of diffuse osteoporosis which of the following changes occur:
Answer
  • Thinning of the compact bone, widening of the medullary channel and the bone-marrow spaces, thinning of the bone-beams
  • Eburnization of the bone and obliteration of medullary channel
  • Formation of sequestrum

Question 20

Question
Which of the following methods is not used any more for diagnosis of cerebral and spinal cord diseases?
Answer
  • Pneumoencephalography
  • CT of cerebrum and spinal
  • Spinal and brain DSA

Question 21

Question
Atelectasis in cases of bronchial obstruction is caused by:
Answer
  • Partial bronchial stenosis
  • Valve bronchial stenosis
  • Complete bronchial stenosis

Question 22

Question
Radiography of the paranasal sinuses is performed in:
Answer
  • supine position of the patient
  • standing or sitting position of the patient
  • laterogaphy of the affected side

Question 23

Question
Which of the following cardiac chambers are normally not seen on the frontal chest X-ray:
Answer
  • right ventricle
  • left ventricle
  • right atrium

Question 24

Question
The method of choice for diagnosis of pericardial effusion is:
Answer
  • radiogaphy
  • echocardiography
  • pneumomediastinography

Question 25

Question
Hypotonic stomach is:
Answer
  • High and obliquely situated towards the spine
  • Situated on the left of the spine and to the biiliac line
  • Elongated and crossing the biiliac line

Question 26

Question
In cases of suspected intestinal obstruction, the radiography of the abdominal region is performed in:
Answer
  • upright position of the patient
  • laterography in supine position
  • both answers are correct

Question 27

Question
The plain radiography of the urogenital tract is a method:
Answer
  • Which is not used nowadays
  • Which is used before each intravenous urography
  • Which is harmless and is used mainly in children

Question 28

Question
Osteosclerosis is a process of:
Answer
  • demineralisation
  • hypermineralisation
  • reorganization of the bone structure

Question 29

Question
Perthes disease is
Answer
  • specific inflammatory disease of the bones
  • aseptic necrosis
  • bone tumor

Question 30

Question
Which is the most frequent cause for bronchial obstruction in children:
Answer
  • lung cancer
  • foreign body in the bronchus
  • interstitial pneumonia

Question 31

Question
Which of the following diseases causes displacement of mediastinum:
Answer
  • pulmonary emphysema
  • pleural effusion
  • peripheral lung cancer

Question 32

Question
Normally the cardiodiaphragmal angles on frontal view chest X-ray are:
Answer
  • acute angles
  • right angles
  • obtuse angles

Question 33

Question
In cases of pericardial effusion the enlargement of the cardiac shadow on chest X-ray is at:
Answer
  • Left cardiac border
  • Right cardiac border
  • Both left and right cardiac borders

Question 34

Question
The changes of gastric peristalsis are result of disturbances of:
Answer
  • tone and movement
  • mucous relief
  • none of the above

Question 35

Question
On plain radiographs of the abdomen, the air-fluid levels are characteristic of:
Answer
  • ileus
  • dyskinetic changes of the colon
  • mega colon

Question 36

Question
The retrograde pyelography is a method of examination which gives information regarding
Answer
  • Functional diseases of the genitourinary tract
  • Morphologic diseases of the genitourinary tract
  • Functional and morphologic diseases of the genitourinary tract

Question 37

Question
For the diagnosis of renal tumours we use:
Answer
  • Plain X-ray
  • Retrograde pyelography
  • CT of the kidneys

Question 38

Question
Perthes disease is an aseptic necrosis of:
Answer
  • the head of the femur
  • the apophysis of calcaneus
  • the apophyseal nucleus of tibial tuberosity

Question 39

Question
The X-ray appearance of lung abscess is:
Answer
  • Linear Opacity
  • Triangular opacity
  • Air-fluid level in lungs

Question 40

Question
Pneumoconioses are:
Answer
  • systemic diseases of the lungs
  • tumour diseases of the lungs
  • occupational diseases of the lungs

Question 41

Question
In supine position of the patient the cardiac shadow is:
Answer
  • bigger
  • smaller
  • not changed

Question 42

Question
The most frequently used method for performing of arteriography is:
Answer
  • puncture method of Dos Santos
  • puncture method of Seldinger
  • none of the above methods

Question 43

Question
The radiological symptom “filling defect" in the contrast examination of gastro-intestinal tract is characteristic of:
Answer
  • diverticula of the stomach
  • cancer of the stomach
  • ulcer of the stomach

Question 44

Question
Screening method for diagnosis of diseases of liver and gall bladder is:
Answer
  • X-ray examination
  • Ultrasound
  • Radioisotopic method

Question 45

Question
Renovasography is a radiological contrast method for examination, which we use for diagnosis of:
Answer
  • Inflammatory diseases of genitourinary tract
  • Vascular diseases and arterial hypertension
  • Renal calculosis

Question 46

Question
The most frequent radiological sings in renal tumours on intravenous urography are:
Answer
  • changes in the position, shape, size and outlines of the kidneys
  • deformation and displacement of the small calices and defect in their filling
  • both answers are correct

Question 47

Question
Leading clinical symptoms of high-grade osteoporosis are:
Answer
  • deformation of the bones
  • pain and pathological fractures
  • no clinical symptoms

Question 48

Question
Osteosclerotic type of metastases are typical of:
Answer
  • prostatic cancer
  • renal cancer
  • gastric cancer

Question 49

Question
In cases of large pleural effusion the mediastinal shadow is moved towards:
Answer
  • affected side
  • non-affected side
  • does not change its position

Question 50

Question
Non complicated echinococcus cyst in the lungs presents as:
Answer
  • Rounded Opacity
  • Radiolucent zone
  • Air-fluid level

Question 51

Question
The cardiac waist is straightened in enlargement of:
Answer
  • right ventricle
  • left atrium
  • left ventricle

Question 52

Question
Lymphography is a contrast method of examination of:
Answer
  • arterial blood vessels
  • venous blood vessels
  • lymphatic system

Question 53

Question
The gastric ulcers are most frequently located in
Answer
  • The greater curvature
  • The posterior wall
  • The lesser curvature

Question 54

Question
Which is the most informative method of examination of liver and gall bladder:
Answer
  • plain X-ray
  • oral cholecystography
  • ultrasound examination

Question 55

Question
Screening method of examination of the urinary bladder is:
Answer
  • plain radiography of the urinary bladder
  • ultrasonography of the urinary bladder
  • cystoscopy

Question 56

Question
Mammography is:
Answer
  • Radiologic contrast method for examination of the breast
  • Plain radiographs of the breast
  • Ultrasound examination of the breast

Question 57

Question
The leading clinical symptoms of high-grade osteoporosis are:
Answer
  • deformation of the bones
  • no clinical symptoms
  • pain and pathological fractures

Question 58

Question
The typical location of multiple myeloma is in:
Answer
  • long trabecular bones
  • flat bones
  • short bones

Question 59

Question
In partial or total pneumothorax radiologicaly is seen:
Answer
  • homogeneous opacity
  • radiolucent nonstructural zone
  • small-rounded opacities

Question 60

Question
Radiologicaly the nonexpectorated echinococcus cyst in the lungs is:
Answer
  • Rounded opacity
  • Radiolucent zone
  • Air-fluid level

Question 61

Question
The cardiac apex in cases of enlargement of the left cavities is:
Answer
  • moving up
  • moving down
  • not changing its position towards the diaphragm

Question 62

Question
Phlebography is a contrast method of examination of:
Answer
  • arterial blood vessels
  • venous blood vessels
  • lymph vessels

Question 63

Question
Which of the following radiological symptoms is characteristic for stomach ulcer:
Answer
  • filling defect
  • the symptom of “snow storm”
  • additional shadow

Question 64

Question
X-ray signs of acute abdomen are:
Answer
  • multipal air-fluid levels in the abdomen
  • free gas under the diaphragms
  • both A and B

Question 65

Question
Cystography is a contrast method of examination of the urinary bladder. According to the filling of the bladder it can be:
Answer
  • retrograde
  • antegrade
  • both answers are correct

Question 66

Question
The basic screening method for breast carcinoma is:
Answer
  • Mammography
  • CT
  • Ductography

Question 67

Question
Bone sequestration can be found in:
Answer
  • Osteoporosis
  • Osteonecrosis
  • Osteolisis

Question 68

Question
Sarcoma of Ewing is usually located in:
Answer
  • epiphysis
  • metaphysis
  • diaphysis and metadiaphysis

Question 69

Question
The primary complex in tuberculosis includes:
Answer
  • primary affect, lymphangitis and lymphadenitis
  • tuberculoma and pleural effusion
  • cloud-like infiltration and pleural effusion

Question 70

Question
On chest x-ray lung metastases present as:
Answer
  • multiple radiolucent zones
  • multiple rounded capacities
  • multiple linear opacities

Question 71

Question
Which of the following diseases is the most frequent demand for lymphogaphy:
Answer
  • traumatic diseases
  • neoplastic diseases-primary and secondary
  • specific inflammatory diseases

Question 72

Question
The erosion is a mucosal lesion which is diagnosed by:
Answer
  • endoscopy
  • radiography or radioscopy
  • both endoscopy and radiography/radioscopy

Question 73

Question
The X-ray differentiation between a calculus in the gall-bladder and a calculus in the right kidney is possible using the following additional projection:
Answer
  • PA - facial radiography
  • Radiography in Trendelenburg position
  • Lateral radiography

Question 74

Question
The kidneys have the following location:
Answer
  • retroperitoneal
  • intraperitoneal
  • only their back surfaces are located retroperitoneal

Question 75

Question
For differentiation between cystic and solid breast formations we use:
Answer
  • mammography
  • ultrasonography
  • ductography

Question 76

Question
The compact sequester in osteomyelitis is:
Answer
  • needle-shaped, sharply-outlined, homogenous opacity
  • radioopacity with polygonal shape, blurred outlines and nonhomogenous structure
  • radiolucency with blurred outlines

Question 77

Question
Osteogenic sarcoma usually gives metastases in:
Answer
  • spleen
  • lungs
  • kidneys

Question 78

Question
The focus of Ghon is:
Answer
  • calcifications in the hiluses
  • calcificafions in the thoracic wall
  • calcified primary affect

Question 79

Question
In total pneumothorax the mediastinal shadow is moved towards:
Answer
  • the affected side
  • the healthy side
  • in inspirium towards the affected side, in expirium towards the healthy side

Question 80

Question
Drug ulcers are usually:
Answer
  • single
  • double-kissing ulcers
  • multiple

Question 81

Question
The method of choice in gall-bladder calculosis is:
Answer
  • US examination
  • Contrast examination
  • Plain radiography

Question 82

Question
Physiological stenoses of the ureters are:
Answer
  • one
  • two
  • three

Question 83

Question
Breast cancer is more frequent in:
Answer
  • men
  • women
  • both men and women

Question 84

Question
The spongeous sequester is:
Answer
  • needle-shaped, sharplyfloutlined, homo genous opacity
  • radio opacity with polygonal shape, blurred outlines and nonhomogenous structure
  • radiolucency with blurred outlines

Question 85

Question
Radiologicaly the single bone cyst presents as:
Answer
  • rounded opacity
  • rounded radiolucent zone, sharply-outlined with homogenous structure
  • complex, non-homogenous shadow

Question 86

Question
In cases of bronchopneumonia chest X-ray shows:
Answer
  • infiltrative shadow
  • multiple rounded shadows
  • mass lesion in hilar region

Question 87

Question
The most accurate method for difierentiation of solid from cystic formation in the lung is:
Answer
  • Chest X-ray
  • Bronchoscopy
  • CT of lungs

Question 88

Question
Does the position of the body affect the shape of the cardiac shadow on chest X-ray:
Answer
  • Yes
  • No
  • Both answers are false

Question 89

Question
Calcification of the aorta is a feature of:
Answer
  • atherosclerosis of the aorta
  • aneurysm of the aorta
  • dissection of the aorta

Question 90

Question
The radiological sign “filling defect” seen in the stomach in barium meal examination is a condition of:
Answer
  • chronic gastritis
  • gastric ulcer
  • gastric cancer

Question 91

Question
The main radiological sign of cancer of the colon is:
Answer
  • filling defect
  • change in the evacuatory function
  • displacement of the colon

Question 92

Question
Intravenous urography is a contrast method of examination of genitourinary tract /GUT/. It gives information for:
Answer
  • Functional diseases of GUT
  • Morphologic diseases of GUT
  • Both functional and morphologic diseases of GUT

Question 93

Question
From the plain X-ray of genitourinary system in cases of a renal tumour we receive the following information
Answer
  • changes in position, shape, size and outlines of kidneys
  • deformation and displacement of small calices with filling defect
  • enlargement of the renal artery, presence of pathological vessels

Question 94

Question
Eburnation of the bone is observed in:
Answer
  • osteolysis
  • osteonecrosis
  • osteosclerosis

Question 95

Question
Ankylosing spondylitis is characterized by:
Answer
  • osteoporosis ankylosis, sacroileitis, ”bamboo stick" spine
  • osteosclerosis, ligamentosis of Forestie, widening of the articular space
  • sacroileitis, chinical data for urethritis and conjunctivitis

Question 96

Question
The Spotted shadows in cases of chronic haematogenically disseminated tuberculosis of lungs are:
Answer
  • one kind of size and intensity
  • different sizes and one kind of intensity
  • different kinds of size and intensity

Question 97

Question
In endobronchial lung cancer the leading radiological symptom is:
Answer
  • bronchial stenosis
  • pleural effusion
  • pulmonary fibrosis

Question 98

Question
Which imaging method is most important for the diagnostics of cardiac disease:
Answer
  • zonography
  • kimography
  • echocardiography

Question 99

Question
The advantages of radiography as a method of examination are:
Answer
  • cheap and quick method
  • functional and physiological method
  • both answers are correct

Question 100

Question
In contrast examination stomach polyps present as:
Answer
  • additional shadow
  • filling defects with sharp outlines
  • changes in the position of the stomach

Question 101

Question
The preparation of a patient for contrast examination of upper gastrointestinal tract includes:
Answer
  • Special diet for several days
  • Laxative drugs
  • The examination is made in the morning on an empty stomach

Question 102

Question
Which is the most useful method for diagnostics of renal cystic formations:
Answer
  • intravenous urography
  • ultrasound examination
  • renovasography

Question 103

Question
Which of the following radiological symptoms is not a direct symptom of stomach ulcer:
Answer
  • niche in facial and lateral radiography
  • inflammatory bank or convergation of mucosal folds
  • hypersecretion and pyloric contraction

Question 104

Question
Fracture type "green branch" (subperiostal fracture) is typical of:
Answer
  • old age
  • middle-age
  • childhood

Question 105

Question
Osteoma is usually located in:
Answer
  • facial skull
  • phalanxes of hands and feet
  • skull bones and vertebral bodies

Question 106

Question
The shape of pulmonary metastases is most frequently:
Answer
  • round
  • triangular
  • oval