functional anatomy final

Alberto Alejandro
Quiz by Alberto Alejandro, updated more than 1 year ago
Alberto Alejandro
Created by Alberto Alejandro over 2 years ago
307
4

Description

Quiz on functional anatomy final, created by Alberto Alejandro on 12/07/2018.

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
What class of lever is demonstrated by standing on the toes?
Answer
  • First class lever
  • Second class lever
  • Third class lever
  • Fourth class lever

Question 2

Question
What is the proper order of events that occurs during the swing phase?
Answer
  • Accelaration, midswing, decelaration
  • Deceleration, midswing, acceleration
  • Heel strike, midstance, toe-off
  • Toe-off, midstance, heel strike

Question 3

Question
Sensory impulses to the brain are transmitted by what type of neuron?
Answer
  • Efferent
  • Afferent
  • Synapse
  • Neuron

Question 4

Question
What eccentric action has to happen during the gait cycle to prevent the sole of the foot from slapping the ground?
Answer
  • Anterior rotation of trunk
  • Ankle is neutral
  • Plantarflexion
  • Dorsiflexion

Question 5

Question
The tendon reflex is activated by?
Answer
  • Muscle spindle cells
  • Ruffinis
  • Pacinians
  • Golgi tendon organs

Question 6

Question
What type of gait occurs when the cerebellum is damaged?
Answer
  • Trendelenburg gait
  • Ataxic gait
  • Scissor gait
  • Hemiplegic gait

Question 7

Question
What is a neurological relay where one muscle contracts and the opposite muscle relaxes?
Answer
  • Cross extensor reflex
  • Post-isometric relaxation
  • Reciprical inhibition
  • Flexor withdrawal reflex

Question 8

Question
How many pairs of cranial nerves are found in the human body?
Answer
  • 6
  • 10
  • 12
  • 24

Question 9

Question
What muscle would you primarily treat for torticollis?
Answer
  • Sternocleidomastoid
  • Hamstrings
  • Pec major
  • Deltoids

Question 10

Question
What type of posture commonly occurs from sitting on a desk for a long period of time?
Answer
  • Kyphotic-lordotic
  • Swayback
  • Scoliosis
  • Rounded back

Question 11

Question
What is the term for the distance between your heel strikes and walking?
Answer
  • Gait cycle
  • Step length
  • Stride length
  • Swing length

Question 12

Question
Digestion is regulated by what branch of the nervous system?
Answer
  • Parasympathetic nervous system
  • Sympathetic nervous system
  • Somatic nervous system
  • Sensory nervous system

Question 13

Question
The names of the nerve plexus are as followed:
Answer
  • Cervical, brachial, lumbar, sacral
  • Axillary, radial, median, ulnar
  • Obturator, sciatic, tibial, peroneal
  • Cranial, cervical, thoracic, lumbar

Question 14

Question
The adductor longus, brevis, and gracilis are all innervated by what nerve?
Answer
  • Tibial
  • Sciatic
  • Common peroneal
  • Obturator

Question 15

Question
The junction between a neuron and a gland is also known as?
Answer
  • Axon
  • Synapse
  • Dendrite
  • Myelin

Question 16

Question
The sartorius, vastus intermedius, and pectineus are innervated by what nerve?
Answer
  • Obturator
  • Sciatic
  • Tibial
  • Femoral

Question 17

Question
The nervous system's ability to feel your body’s position in space is known as?
Answer
  • Proprioception
  • Stretch reflex
  • Reciprocal inhibition
  • Crossed extensor reflex

Question 18

Question
What is the term for your feet when you are standing upright on the earth?
Answer
  • Limit of stability
  • Center of gravity
  • Base of support
  • Line of gravity

Question 19

Question
The state of a client’s muscle contraction while lying on a massage table is known as?
Answer
  • Hypotonia
  • Inhibited
  • Excessive tone
  • Resting tone

Question 20

Question
Where is the center of gravity located in the adult body?
Answer
  • Anterior to 2nd sacral
  • Posterior to 2nd sacral
  • T7
  • L4

Question 21

Question
What two structures do you use to build the top and bottom of your myofascial core?
Answer
  • Respiratory and pelvic diaphragm
  • Thoracic and lumbar diaphragm
  • Cervical and sacral diaphragm
  • Upper and lower trunk

Question 22

Question
What regions of the body contain a kypothic curve?
Answer
  • Cervical and lumbar
  • Cervical and sacral
  • Thoracic and sacral
  • Thoracic and lumbar

Question 23

Question
The stretch reflex is activated by the?
Answer
  • Muscle spindle
  • Golgi tendon cells
  • Ruffinian
  • Pacinian

Question 24

Question
Which of the following landmarks falls along the line of gravity when viewed laterally?
Answer
  • Patella
  • Calcaneous
  • ASIS
  • Mastoid process

Question 25

Question
What is another term for gait?
Answer
  • Mituration
  • Mobilization
  • Postulation
  • Ambulation

Question 26

Question
What type of gait occurs with excessive hip adduction?
Answer
  • Ataxic gait
  • Vaulting gait
  • Scissor gait
  • Hemiplegic gait

Question 27

Question
What type of posture most commonly occurs with an anterior pelvic tilt?
Answer
  • Flat back
  • Kyphotic lordotic
  • Swayback
  • Rounded back

Question 28

Question
What is the largest nerve in the body?
Answer
  • Obturator
  • Femoral
  • Sciatic
  • Tibial

Question 29

Question
What type of contraction is occurring at the hamstrings during the foot flat phase of the gait cycle?
Answer
  • Isometric
  • Concentric
  • Eccentric
  • Hyperextension

Question 30

Question
What is the total number of spinal nerve pairs?
Answer
  • 12
  • 31
  • 27
  • 24

Question 31

Question
What muscle is shortened in a forward head posture?
Answer
  • Sternocleidomastoid
  • Spinascapulas
  • Levator scapula
  • Longissimus

Question 32

Question
Weakness in the gluteus medius during the gait cycle creates what type of abnormal gait?
Answer
  • Steppage gait
  • Waddling gait
  • Equinus gait
  • Trendelenburg gait

Question 33

Question
The brain and spinal cord comprised which nervous system?
Answer
  • Peripheral nervous system
  • Autonomic nervous system
  • Sympathetic nervous system
  • Central nervous system

Question 34

Question
What muscles are eccentrically contracting during the early swing and midswing of a gait cycle?
Answer
  • Dorsiflexors
  • Hip Extensors
  • Knee flexors
  • Knee extensors

Question 35

Question
What muscles would you primarily treat for a posterior pelvic tilt?
Answer
  • Pectoralis
  • Adductors
  • Hamstrings
  • Quadriceps

Question 36

Question
Cranial nerve V is also known as?
Answer
  • Facial nerve
  • Trochlear nerve
  • Trigeminal nerve
  • Vagus nerve

Question 37

Question
Most impulses sent from your brain to your muscles are transmitted by what type of neuron?
Answer
  • Sensory
  • Afferent
  • Efferent
  • Interneuron

Question 38

Question
What type of abnormal gait is occurring when you toe strike rather than heel strike?
Answer
  • Steppage gait
  • Waddling gait
  • Bell-clapper gait
  • Equinus gait

Question 39

Question
What is the term for the knee hyperextending during the stance phase of walking?
Answer
  • Geni valgum
  • Geni varum
  • Geni flexion
  • Genu recurvatum

Question 40

Question
What muscles concentrically engage during the heel strike phase of gait?
Answer
  • Adductors
  • Hamstrings
  • Quadriceps
  • Gluteals
Show full summary Hide full summary

Similar

Introduction to Therapeutic Physical Agents
natalia m zameri
Microbiology MCQs 3rd Year Final- PMU
Med Student
Anatomy and Physiology
pressey_property
Science Final Study Guide
Caroline Conlan
APUSH End-of-Year Cram Exam: Set 1
Nathaniel Rodriguez
sec + final
maxwell3254
CCNA Security Final Exam
Maikel Degrande
CCNP TShoot Final
palciny
Macroeconomics Final
Koda M
Architecture
Karen Hosie
Architecture
lindsey.reynolds