STM, LTM and duration

eharveyhudl
Quiz by , created over 4 years ago

A2 level Psychology (Memory) Quiz on STM, LTM and duration, created by eharveyhudl on 02/06/2015.

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eharveyhudl
Created by eharveyhudl over 4 years ago
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Question 1

Question
What is the definition of Short-term memory?
Answer
  • A memory storage that is for events that happened within the last week
  • Memory for immediate events, the events disappear quickly if not rehearsed

Question 2

Question
Who conducted a study on the duration of STM?
Answer
  • Peterson and Peterson
  • Bahrick et al
  • Miller

Question 3

Question
What method did Peterson and Peterson use to test the duration of STM?
Answer
  • A consonant syllable followed by a three digit number e.g STN 349
  • Observation, followed by a questionnaire e.g. what time did you wake up yesterday?

Question 4

Question
Immediately after hearing the consonant syllable, what did Peterson and Peterson's participants have to do?
Answer
  • Count backwards from the 3 digit number in 3s or 4s, then recall syllable after an interval
  • Count from the 3 digit number in 10s and then recall the syllable

Question 5

Question
The interval in Peterson and Peterson's study (time spent counting backwards) was 3, 6, 9, 12, 15 or 18 seconds
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 6

Question
How much did the participants in Peterson and Peterson's study remember?
Answer
  • 90% with a 3 second interval and 3% with an 18 second interval
  • 95% with a 3 second interval and 8% with an 18 second interval

Question 7

Question
Peterson and Peterson concluded that STM lasts 18 seconds at most
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 8

Question
Who conducted a study on the duration of LTM?
Answer
  • Peterson and Peterson
  • Jacobs
  • Bahrick et al
  • Loftus and Palmer

Question 9

Question
Bahrick et al tested duration of LTM by asking participants to put names to faces of their year book, 48 years on, how accurate were they?
Answer
  • 70%
  • 80%
  • 60%

Question 10

Question
What is the definition for long- term memory?
Answer
  • Memory for events that have happened in the past, lasts anywhere from 2 minutes to 100 years
  • Memory for events that have occurred since birth, the memories can last a lifetime

Question 11

Question
The definition of duration is how long a memory lasts before it is no longer available
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 12

Question
Which of the following is an evaluation point for Peterson and Peterson's study on the duration of STM?
Answer
  • It has high validity because it studies all types of memory and applies to real life
  • It lacks validity because it only studies memory for words, whereas our memories are often concerned with other things

Question 13

Question
STM has a very limited duration
Answer
  • True
  • False