LS100: Chapter 1 Practice Quiz

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Unit 1 Practice Quiz
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Question 1

Question
The law consists of a set of rules and procedures usually intended to regulate some aspect of society.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 2

Question
The term "law" is only used to refer to rules created and enforced by federal, state, and local governments.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 3

Question
Please check all of the major legal systems that developed historically.
Answer
  • Civil
  • Corporate
  • Criminal
  • Common law

Question 4

Question
In a common law system, laws are created by the people themselves.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 5

Question
The term civil law as used to describe a legal system refers to a system based primarily on written constitutions and written laws or codes.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 6

Question
What is a precedent?
Answer
  • The example set by the decision of an earlier court for similar cases or similar legal questions that arise in later cases.
  • The statute that addresses the issue in a case.
  • The facts of the case.
  • The decision made by a judge in a case.

Question 7

Question
The United States created the first civil law system.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 8

Question
Common law systems are those based on :
Answer
  • the concept of precedent or stare decisis.
  • the decisions of a legislative body.
  • the common wishes of the people.

Question 9

Question
Jurisprudence, or the philosophy of law, deals with...
Answer
  • questions related to the origins of law
  • questions related to the meaning of law
  • the relationship of law and morality
  • the wishes of society

Question 10

Question
The natural theory of law is that law reflects moral and unchangeable laws of nature.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 11

Question
Under legal realism, the validity of a law is not related to morality. If a law is properly formed, then it is valid.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 12

Question
The theory of legal positivism holds that the validity of law is not related to morality.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 13

Question
Laws are categorized or classified in several ways. Check all that apply.
Answer
  • by whether the law is constitutional law, statutory law, or case law
  • by whether the law is substantive or procedural
  • by whether the law is fair or unfair
  • by whether the law is criminal or civil

Question 14

Question
Substantive laws define the rights and duties of parties and establish the legal basis for any lawsuit. Procedural laws relate to the enforcement of the substantive rights and duties.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 15

Question
Check all that are examples of substantive laws.
Answer
  • DUI laws
  • law that makes burglary a crime
  • law that gives anyone accused of burglary the right to a jury trial
  • Law that provides a remedy for assault

Question 16

Question
A procedural law makes murder a crime.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 17

Question
Jurisdiction is the power or authority to act in a certain situation; the power of a court to hear cases and render judgments.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 18

Question
What is one way that civil and criminal cases are different?
Answer
  • A civil case is brought to court by the injured party (called the plaintiff in a lawsuit) and In a criminal action, the case is brought to trial by a prosecutor employed by the state or the federal government.
  • A civil case is brought in a different state than the criminal case.
  • Only a judge can decide a civil case, but a judge only or jury only can decide a criminal case.

Question 19

Question
A hung jury means that the jury has decided on the death penalty for the plaintiff.
Answer
  • True
  • False
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