The Scientific Method in Psychology

otaku96
Quiz by otaku96, updated more than 1 year ago
otaku96
Created by otaku96 over 6 years ago
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Description

A Levels Psychology (Research Methods) Quiz on The Scientific Method in Psychology, created by otaku96 on 04/29/2015.

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
"Information is gained through direct observation or experiment." What is this known as?
Answer
  • Experimental methods
  • Objectivity
  • Empirical methods
  • Scientific snobbery
  • Observational skills

Question 2

Question
"Scientists strive to not let their expectations affect the observations and measurements they record." What is this known as?
Answer
  • Empirical methods
  • Objectivity
  • Omniscience
  • Independent observations
  • Observer bias
  • Naive optimism

Question 3

Question
"One way to demonstrate the validity of an observation or experiment is to repeat it. If the outcome is the same, this affirms the 'truth' of the original results." What is this known as?
Answer
  • Reliability
  • Empirical methods
  • Flatulence
  • Replicability
  • Repeatability
  • Test-retest method

Question 4

Question
"One aim of science is to construct collections of general principles to help us understand and predict natural phenomena." What is this known as?
Answer
  • Theory construction
  • Empirical methods
  • Objectivity
  • Predictive validity
  • Albus Dumbledore, the greatest wizard who ever lived
  • Hypothesis construction

Question 5

Question
"In order to demonstrate a causal relationship, scientists must make tests fair by varying only one factor and standardising all other factors." What is this known as?
Answer
  • Hypothesis testing
  • Empirical methods
  • BDSM
  • Control testing
  • Fair testing
  • Standardisation

Question 6

Question
What is induction?
Answer
  • Reasoning from the particular to the general
  • Reasoning from the general to the particular
  • A type of heating
  • Reasoning from pre-existing theories to prove the truth or non-truth of something
  • A psychic power
  • Evaluating all existing literature on a topic

Question 7

Question
What is deduction?
Answer
  • Reasoning from pre-existing theories to prove the truth of somethingelse
  • Reasoning from many facts about one things to discover a single fact about something else
  • Reasoning from the particular to the general
  • Reasoning for dummies
  • Sherlock Holmes
  • Reasoning from the general to the particular

Question 8

Question
What arguments support the idea that psychology is a science?
Answer
  • Psychology uses the scientific method - psychologists generate models that can be falsified and conduct well-controlled experiments to test these
  • Psychology is a popular, well taught subject in schools and is counted as a science subject at university
  • Psychology lacks the objectivity and control of other sciences - problems such as experimenter bias and demand characteristics compromise validity
  • Qualitative research such as that used in some psychological research can still follow the scientific method
  • Psychology has no single paradigm
  • Your face is a pseudoscience

Question 9

Question
What arguments are used to suggest that psychology is not a science?
Answer
  • Psychology lacks the objectivity and control of other sciences - problems such as experimenter bias and demand characteristics compromise validity
  • Psychology is founded on the psychodynamic approach which is unscientific and unfalsifiable
  • Science takes a nomothetic approach, seeking to make generalisations, but this is inappropriate in psychology, which takes the idiographic approach and treats all individuals as unique
  • There is a strange man peering in through the window please make it stop.
  • Psychology has no single paradigm, unlike other sciences
  • Science tries to reduce natural phenomena to their most simple explanation, however, human behaviour is very complex and trying to reduce it to a simpler form results in reductionism

Question 10

Question
What is an abstract?
Answer
  • A review of studies related to the area being investigated
  • A statement of what the researcher wants to investigate and their hypotheses
  • A summary of all the other sections of the report, including the aim of the study
  • The beginning section of a peer review
  • The researcher's evaluation of their study
  • A type of art movement made popular in the late 19th and early 20th centuries

Question 11

Question
What is an introduction?
Answer
  • A statement of what the research is aiming to investigate, hypotheses, and a review of existing theories/studies on the topic
  • A summary of all the other sections of the report
  • A section of the report where the researcher introduces himself and lists his credentials
  • A themed costume party for sufferers of dwarfism in which everyone accidentally came as Frodo Baggins
  • An exact description of the methods used
  • The beginning section of the report

Question 12

Question
What is included in the method?
Answer
  • Descriptive and inferential statistics
  • A tasty but out of date pie
  • A short explanation of the way the experimenter carried out the study
  • An exact description of what the experimenter did, in order for others to be able to replicate the study, including sample, procedures, instructions and ethical considerations
  • An exact description of the methods of studies that were discussed earlier in the report
  • I can't think of another possible answer

Question 13

Question
What is included in the discussion?
Answer
  • A psychologist who was not involved with the study independently and non-biasedly comments on it
  • Three potatoes, some tumeric, half a cauliflower and a pinch of salt
  • Exact description of what the experimenter did, in order for others to be able to replicate it, including sample, procedures, instructions and ethical considerations
  • References
  • Happy tree friends
  • Explanations of observed behaviour and conclusions, suggestions for future research, evaluation of own research, application of research to hypotheses and comparison with background studies
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