Government Semester 2 Review

Jaena Corona
Quiz by Jaena Corona, updated more than 1 year ago
Jaena Corona
Created by Jaena Corona almost 6 years ago
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Description

Review guide for semester exam

Resource summary

Question 1

Question
Many people join Interest Groups for several reasons. One reason may be
Answer
  • to write off money spent on group activities
  • to save time and money by letting someone else choose who to vote for
  • to join in a cause they truly believe in
  • to become influential enough, so in the future, one may run for political office

Question 2

Question
An interest group tries to persuade people to
Answer
  • find ways to cooperate privately
  • nominate certain members for public office
  • respond to its members' shared activities
  • join a political party

Question 3

Question
All of the following are propaganda techniques EXCEPT
Answer
  • presenting only one side of an issue
  • using glittering generalities
  • supporting a government policy change
  • the bandwagon approach

Question 4

Question
Flast v Cohen was a case brought about by an interest group. Which of the following most accurately explains the outcome of the principle the Interest Group was trying to show?
Answer
  • Religion and State matters must always be separate
  • Economic benefits to states cannot be negotiated by those states
  • Some cases are lost, while some are won
  • The Supreme Court is ultimately responsible for all matters that concern Interest Groups

Question 5

Question
Single-interest groups try to affect elections based on
Answer
  • which party is in power at the time
  • each candidate's stand, in regard to the groups' interests.
  • the candidate's party affiliation
  • the broad views of all the candidates

Question 6

Question
Which is the best reason to explain why interest groups are so prominent in the US political culture?
Answer
  • Most countries in Europe have laws against such groups
  • Their traditional viewpoint is to participate through sanctioned parties, thus they use the multiparty system
  • With our parties growing weaker, people look for other ways to participate
  • Madison believed that this was a natural way to keep Democracy active

Question 7

Question
Unlike the major political parties, interest groups
Answer
  • do not dominate candidates for office
  • do not attempt to influence the policies of government
  • try to influence public opinion
  • are accountable to the public as a whole

Question 8

Question
Many critics explain that Interest Groups pose many problems in American society. Which of the following is NOT a reason they cite?
Answer
  • They can actually undermine some of the intent of the government
  • Interest Groups do not always represent who they claim to
  • The cost of funding these groups is growing more and more
  • The influence they show may be disproportional to their membership

Question 9

Question
All of the following are goals of interest groups EXCEPT
Answer
  • supplying the public with information they believe the people should have
  • building a positive image for their group
  • promoting a particular public policy
  • being chiefly interested in winning elections and controlling government

Question 10

Question
Interest groups operate
Answer
  • only at the national level of government
  • at the State and local levels
  • only within the legislative branch
  • at all levels of government

Question 11

Question
Madison believed that associations could possibly
Answer
  • overthrow the government, militarily
  • divide the government so badly that nothing could get done
  • cause political parties to disappear completely
  • spread throughout the world, creating a global economy

Question 12

Question
Membership-based Interest Groups represent all of these types of people EXCEPT
Answer
  • those that pay a membership due
  • those that cannot represent themselves
  • those that work in a similar profession
  • those that work to change legislation

Question 13

Question
Which of the following statements best reflects the trends you saw as you did your Interest Group Research?
Answer
  • All Interest Groups are basically the same
  • Interest Groups vary in size, success, and purpose
  • Most Interest Groups seem to gravitate towards one of the two major parties
  • Interest Groups serve little to no purpose

Question 14

Question
A purposive reason to join an Interest Group would be
Answer
  • that the person feels passionate about the group's goal(s)
  • that the person receive a benefit from their membership
  • that the person feels a "kinship" with other members
  • that the Interest Group heavily supports the persons political party

Question 15

Question
Which tactic would an Interest Group most likely NOT use to promote their cause with an undecided legislator?
Answer
  • Supply the legislator with credible information
  • Supply PAC money for a cause, group, or person that the legislator supports
  • Supply the general public with information with regards to their goal and the legislator's position
  • Supply support to a candidate who shares their beliefs

Question 16

Question
The ACLU would be an example of a(n)
Answer
  • professional group
  • group that promotes a cause
  • business firm
  • group that promotes a cause for its members

Question 17

Question
Can an Interest Group give money DIRECTLY to a legislator?
Answer
  • Yes
  • No

Question 18

Question
Which of the following is NOT a shortcoming of current scientific polls?
Answer
  • They have difficulty measuring the relevance of opinions to the people who hold them
  • They cannot accurately measure the intensity of opinions
  • They have difficulty measuring stability of opinions
  • They cannot accurately measure political references

Question 19

Question
The most reliable measure of public opinion is
Answer
  • straw votes
  • quota samples
  • scientific polls
  • pressure groups

Question 20

Question
If a pollster insists on a stratified sample, they
Answer
  • want only people who will corroborate their opinion
  • want a close, proportional number of people, statistically, in each group contacted
  • want those people who have never been called on before
  • want a divergent group of people, so the poll results will reflect a better cross-section

Question 21

Question
In order for a question to be reliable, it must
Answer
  • be asked in a certain manner, so the respondent will not answer in a way that pleases the researchers
  • be answered truthfully by the respondent
  • be mathematically corrected for the margin of error
  • be questioning what the researcher wants it to question, time and time again

Question 22

Question
Which of the following is a weakness of straw votes?
Answer
  • They are only used for entertainment purposes, such as the show American Idol
  • You cannot control or construct the sample you are seeking to evaluate
  • They are not reliable since the sample changes too quickly
  • In actuality, this is the most scientific of all polls discussed in class

Question 23

Question
Which of the following traits shows intensity?
Answer
  • The response can be measured to show how strongly a person feels about a topic
  • The response, if performed time and time again, would yield very similar results
  • The response shows similar opinions over time
  • The response shows the questioner what they really want to measure

Question 24

Question
Which of the following traits show stability?
Answer
  • The response can be measured to show how strongly a person feels about a topic
  • The response, if performed time and time again, would yield very similar results
  • The response shows similar opinions over time
  • The response shows the questioner what they really want to measure

Question 25

Question
Which of the following traits shows validity?
Answer
  • The response can be measured to show how strongly a person feels about a topic
  • The response, if performed time and time again, would yield very similar results
  • The response shows similar opinions over time
  • The response shows the questioner what they really want to meaure

Question 26

Question
Which of the following traits shows the margin of error?
Answer
  • The response can be measured to show how strongly a person feels about a topic
  • The response, if performed time and time again, would yield very similar results
  • The response shows similar opinions over time
  • The response shows the questioner what they really want to measure

Question 27

Question
"Universe" is a term used to describe
Answer
  • a politician's constituency
  • the entire group of persons sampled in a given poll
  • the entire group of persons whose opinions a poll seeks to measure
  • the group that supports the activities of an interest groups

Question 28

Question
What is the speaker probably going to talk about?
Answer
  • one person's problems
  • a new law
  • an interest group's issue
  • his election

Question 29

Question
Who, most likely, is the speaker shown in the cartoon?
Answer
  • an ordinary citizen
  • a labor leader
  • an interest group leader
  • a government official

Question 30

Question
The main topic of the cartoon is
Answer
  • how Congress works
  • lobbying
  • abuses by the media
  • communication

Question 31

Question
The Supreme Court has struck down attempts to give government this power
Answer
  • prior restraint
  • shield law
  • libel
  • equal time doctrine

Question 32

Question
This refers to Web sites that provide government services online.
Answer
  • E-commerce
  • THOMAS
  • cyber-volunteering
  • E-government

Question 33

Question
This president was known for his "fireside chats" on the radio
Answer
  • John F. Kennedy
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Ronald Reagan
  • Bill Clinton

Question 34

Question
False, harmful written statements intended to damage a person's reputation constitute
Answer
  • ratings
  • prior restraint
  • the shield laws
  • libel

Question 35

Question
This required stations to guarantee airtime to both sides of a controversial issue
Answer
  • shield laws
  • fairness doctrine
  • prior restraint
  • equal time doctrine

Question 36

Question
This includes all the means for communicating information to the general public
Answer
  • wire services
  • mass media
  • newspapers
  • telecommunications

Question 37

Question
This upheld freedom of speech on the Internet
Answer
  • Fifth Amendment
  • Communications Decency Act
  • Reno v. American Civil Liberties Union
  • United States v. American Library Association

Question 38

Question
These generate automated e-mail notifications that provide subscribers with current information on a topic
Answer
  • e-government
  • action alerts
  • electronic mailing lists
  • petitions

Question 39

Question
A ready-made story prepared by government officials for the press is called a
Answer
  • backgrounder
  • spot advertisement
  • press conference
  • news release

Question 40

Question
Government officials make announcements during
Answer
  • news releases
  • news briefings
  • spot advertisements
  • backgrounders

Question 41

Question
The release of secret information by an anonymous government official is called
Answer
  • libel
  • a front-runner
  • prior restraint
  • a leak

Question 42

Question
"An informed public depends upon accurate and effective reporting by the news media. No individual can obtain for himself the information needed for the intelligent discharge of his political responsibilities. For most citizens the prospect of personal familiarity with newsworthy events is hopelessly unrealistic. In seeking out the news the press therefore acts as an agent of the public at large. It is the means by which the people receive that free flow of information and ideas essential to intelligent self-government." -Lewis F. Powell, 1974 Which of the following summarizes Powell's overall opinion of the relationship between the mass media and a democratic society.
Answer
  • Citizens should not depend on the media for their information
  • The information provided by the press is inaccurate.
  • The relationship between between people and the press promotes intelligent self-government
  • Citizens feel a personal connection to all newsworthy events

Question 43

Question
The impact of the mass media on the public agenda can best be described as its ability to
Answer
  • tell people whom to vote for
  • focus the public's attention on specific issues
  • tell people what opinions to have about those issues
  • focus the public's attention on how to vote

Question 44

Question
The powerful influence of television changed presidential campaigns, Congressional issues, and politics in general. What television network was created specifically to broadcast the floor proceedings of the House and Senate?
Answer
  • CNN
  • PBS
  • C-SPAN
  • BBC

Question 45

Question
"This type of content based regulation by the Federal Government is, in my judgement, antagonistic to the freedom of expression guaranteed by the First Amendment." -Ronald Reagan Which FCC rule was President Reagan referring to?
Answer
  • Telecommunications Act of 1996
  • Fairness Doctrine
  • Ownership Doctrine
  • limiting the amount of advertising

Question 46

Question
The Telecommunications Act of 1996 brought many changes to the broadcast industry. Which of the following was one of the more important changes?
Answer
  • created new rate regulation for cable systems
  • relaxed limits on media ownership
  • increased the amount of television stations one company could own to 55 percent
  • amended the federal criminal code to apply obscenity laws to Internet users

Question 47

Question
The impact of the mass media on the public agenda can best be described as its ability to
Answer
  • tell people whom to vote for
  • focus the public's attention on specific issues
  • tell people what opinions to have about those issues
  • focus the public's attention on how to vote

Question 48

Question
Politicians want to have accurate information about public opinion because they can
Answer
  • plan better campaigns if they know what is important to the people
  • work to discredit public opinion that differs from the views of their political party
  • evaluate whether public opinion on an issue is right or wrong
  • withdraw from a race rather than face defeat for holding an unpopular opinion

Question 49

Question
In recent years the relationship between the media and government officials has become
Answer
  • more adversarial
  • more mutually supportive
  • less interdependent
  • more controlled

Question 50

Question
William Randolph Hearst used his newspapers to push the United States into a war against
Answer
  • Great Britain
  • Germany
  • Spain
  • Nicaragua

Question 51

Question
Compared with local journalists, reporters and editors for the national media are more
Answer
  • conservative
  • liberal
  • restricted in what they can write
  • likely to act as gatekeepers and less likely to act as scorekeepers

Question 52

Question
What is the most common, negative effect of the advances in technology, in regards to the mass media?
Answer
  • There are simply too many sources to gain information from, so many people "tune out" all news
  • There is a greater likelihood of restrictions, to journalists, because of the ability for people to fact-check the news stories
  • Since there are now more sources, the media outlets must now compete with each other in a shrinking field. As a result, sensationalism has become very common
  • Even non-professionals can have their views spread to the public, thus making it harder for people to know what is true and accurate

Question 53

Question
Which of the following is NOT a trait seen in the relationship of forming the public agenda?
Answer
  • the public responding to the actions of the government, and the government taking action from those responses
  • the media focusing attention on a situation, thus causing the government to take appropriate action
  • the public responding both to the media focuses on
  • the government responding both to the media and the public to appease all those involved in a policy debate

Question 54

Question
Which events changed the focus of the media from simply reporting the news to investigative journalism?
Answer
  • FDR hiding the fact that he was in a wheel chair
  • JFK's assassination
  • Vietnam and Watergate
  • The Iran-Contra Affair under Reagan

Question 55

Question
Why would a beat release a trial balloon?
Answer
  • To "create" a news story so they can gauge public reaction
  • So that their station can get better ratings
  • They were bribed to do so
  • They would not do this, since they would be fired

Question 56

Question
When a news editor or reporter is trying to define what is newsworthy, they must consider many things. Which of the following is NOT one of their considerations?
Answer
  • Who does the news appeal to?
  • What will be the political reaction?
  • Will our sponsors still pay us?
  • What is the best way to "grab" the attention of people?

Question 57

Question
Under the original US Constitution, members of the Senate, unlike members of the House were selected by
Answer
  • direct elections
  • the president
  • state legislatures
  • primary runoffs

Question 58

Question
In Great Britain's parliamentary system, candidates for Parliament are selected by
Answer
  • Other members of Parliament, as in a private club
  • the people, through primary elections
  • delegates to the party conventions
  • the party

Question 59

Question
In the Senate, the greatest power is in the hands of the
Answer
  • Speaker
  • President pro tempore
  • Minority whip
  • Majority whip

Question 60

Question
One reason why members of Congress tend to support the policy positions of their party is that
Answer
  • they often look to party leadership on matters about which they have little information and no opinion
  • congressional rules require party support on all partisan issues
  • support for the party position is essential in the eyes of most voters
  • the party pays most of their campaign expenses

Question 61

Question
Of the following, the Framers were most committed to creating a
Answer
  • weak Congress
  • powerful Congress
  • Congress that could police itself
  • Congress that would not be corrupted

Question 62

Question
Members of Congress tend to support the policy positions of their party for all of the following reasons except
Answer
  • they often lack information on which to base a decision on the issues
  • the party pays most of their campaign expenses
  • those positions often coincide with their own ideology
  • such support helps their advancement within the party

Question 63

Question
The ______ requires members to be 25 while the ________ requires the age of 30
Answer
  • House, Senate
  • Senate, House
  • There is no age requirement
  • There is an age requirement, but the two ages listed are not accurate

Question 64

Question
As politicos, Congress
Answer
  • enacts laws that serve their party
  • tries to win elections by serving their constituency
  • balances several factors when deciding how to act
  • searches for their own, true stance on an issue

Question 65

Question
Which of the following is an example of the investigatory powers of Congress?
Answer
  • accepting a treaty made by the President
  • the power to regulate commerce with foreign nations
  • the power to lay and collect taxes
  • gathering information useful in making legislative decisions

Question 66

Question
The British House of Commons differs most obviously from Congress in the role played in it by
Answer
  • Primaries
  • party organization
  • general elections
  • money

Question 67

Question
The general trend in power distribution and decision making throughout evolution of Congress has been toward
Answer
  • centralization more power for individual members.
  • centralization more power for leadership.
  • decentralization more power for leadership
  • decentralization more power for individual members.

Question 68

Question
According the the Constitution, who has the sole power to impeach the President?
Answer
  • The House of Representatives
  • the Vice President
  • the Supreme Court
  • State courts

Question 69

Question
Which of the following non-legislative powers may be exercised solely by the Senate?
Answer
  • the power to propose constitutional amendments
  • the power to elect a President if the electoral college fails to do so
  • the power to approve or reject major presidential appointments
  • the power to investigate the activities of public officials

Question 70

Question
Why did the Framers include the Necessary and Proper Clause in the Constitution?
Answer
  • to empower Congress to pass laws needed to carry out the expressed powers
  • to limit congressional powers to those expressly stated in the Constitution
  • to define the scope of the inherent powers of Congress
  • to set forth those powers considered necessary to the States

Question 71

Question
Under the Constitution, Congress has the sole power to
Answer
  • act as commander in chief
  • meet with foreign leaders
  • declare war
  • none of the above

Question 72

Question
All of the following war powers are granted to Congress EXCEPT the power to
Answer
  • call forth the militia
  • declare war
  • raise and support a navy
  • appoint a commander in chief

Question 73

Question
Which of the following is NOT a duty of a Congressional Committee?
Answer
  • Gather information, from experts, to help make new laws
  • Discuss and gather information to check on the function of an agency or on the function of some part of federal law
  • Decide how much money a political campaign should receive
  • Negotiate and compromise with other committees to ensure passage of a new law

Question 74

Question
With a(n) __________ rule, Congress can not add any any amendments to a bill, with a(n) __________ rule, Congress can add amendments to a bill only if those amendments deal with the issue at hand, and a(n) __________ rule allows any amendment to be added to any bill.
Answer
  • closed, open, restrictive
  • open, restrictive, closed
  • closed, restrictive, open
  • restrictive, open, closed

Question 75

Question
The Speaker of the House has many duties. Which of the following is NOT one of these?
Answer
  • Set the agenda for the House
  • Decide on the bill calendar
  • Preside over open sessions
  • Propose all legislation

Question 76

Question
What would you say is the most likely of reasons Presidential power became equal to Congressional power in the early/mid 20th century?
Answer
  • There was a need for decisive action on the President's part; Congress cannot offer that type of reaction.
  • There were a series of weak Speakers, therefore the President was looked upon for a new role
  • New rules came to be which caused the Speaker to lose all power
  • The Supreme Court expanded the President's power in cases like Korematsu v US

Question 77

Question
It is up to Majority and Minority Whips to
Answer
  • propose all legislation in the House
  • gain support for their party's initiatives
  • choose which bills go to committee and which ones die
  • conference all Senate and House versions of bills

Question 78

Question
Which of the following is a reason committees are used in Congress?
Answer
  • The framers wanted the power of Congress split, so this is one of the many ways they accomplished this goal
  • Presidents will not sign bills into law unless there has been committee action
  • Congress needs to gather information and deliberate on legislation carefully; this enables them to do so
  • Public outcry has made this part of the process more commonplace

Question 79

Question
Which of the following is NOT allowed to be done, according to the Constitution?
Answer
  • Taxes cannot be exercised on exports
  • Taxes can be used for both personal and public use
  • Indirect taxes have to be levied at the same rate throughout the nation
  • Direct taxes have to be apportioned by the population of the state

Question 80

Question
The federal government's biggest single source of revenue is from
Answer
  • foreign aid
  • loans from banks
  • big business
  • individual income taxes

Question 81

Question
When the government's spending is greater than its income, it create a
Answer
  • national debt
  • government securities risk
  • withholding situation
  • national taxable income

Question 82

Question
To raise revenue and pass appropriations is the power of
Answer
  • the Supreme Court
  • the people
  • Congress
  • the president

Question 83

Question
What happens if no presidential candidate wins a majority of Electoral College votes?
Answer
  • The candidate with the largest popular vote wins the election
  • The candidate who carries the ten largest states wins the election
  • The House is free to select whomever it wishes to be president
  • The House chooses the president from among the three leading candidates

Question 84

Question
The result of the Supreme Court's ruling in the United States v. Nixon was that
Answer
  • Nixon was allowed to retain the disputed tapes and papers
  • Nixon was forced to hand over the disputed tapes and papers
  • Congress was forced to impeach Nixon to gain access to the disputed tapes and papers
  • Congress was allowed to take custody of the disputed tapes and papers under judicial review

Question 85

Question
The president is not legally required to consult Congress in reorganizing the
Answer
  • White House staff
  • Executive Office of the President
  • Cabinet
  • All of the above

Question 86

Question
__________ decide(s) whether to remove the President from office following an impeachment trial.
Answer
  • The House
  • The Supreme Court
  • The Joint Judiciary Committee
  • The Senate

Question 87

Question
A President can serve no more than _________ years in office.
Answer
  • 8
  • 4
  • 10
  • 12

Question 88

Question
A formal duty assigned to the Vice President by the Constitution is to
Answer
  • call Cabinet meetings
  • choose the secretary of state
  • preside over the House
  • preside over the Senate

Question 89

Question
Under the proportional plan, which situation is most likely to occur in an average state?
Answer
  • The Democrats would most likely win, since most population centers are in urban setting; these have always been Democratic strongholds
  • The Republicans would most likely win, since there are more Republicans, statically, in the US
  • Minor Parties would be able to win the majority of all contests now, since there would no longer be a winner takes all system
  • All states would be able to adopt the exact same structure, in terms of organizing their election system

Question 90

Question
Which of the following was NOT technically a war?
Answer
  • World War II
  • The Spanish-American War
  • The Vietnam War
  • The Persian Gulf War (1990)

Question 91

Question
Under which of the following reasons can a President NOT be removed from office?
Answer
  • Inability and ineffectiveness of the job
  • Physical disability
  • Committing high crimes and misdemeanors
  • Mental Disability

Question 92

Question
Most federal agencies must share their functions with
Answer
  • related state agencies
  • private corporations
  • interest groups
  • congressional staff

Question 93

Question
Over time, the number of executive departments grew in large part because
Answer
  • Presidents wanted more secretaries in the Cabinet
  • the major political parties voted to expand the number of executive departments
  • regional offices were closed and departments opened in Washington
  • the workload of the Federal Government expanded as the country grew

Question 94

Question
Which of the following areas does the bureaucracy seem to regulate the most?
Answer
  • Health/Safety and Economics
  • National Security and Economics
  • Environmental Concerns and Health/Safety
  • National Security and Environmental Concerns

Question 95

Question
Under the Weberian Model of Bureaucracy
Answer
  • agencies try to "sell" their services as an indication of how valuable their department is.
  • no other viable alternative exist, so the agency faces no real competition
  • power is structured to move from top to bottom
  • bureaucrats are safe from demeaning bosses

Question 96

Question
In what way could a bureaucrat assist both a subcommittee and a SIG at the same time?
Answer
  • Contribute money to causes both groups believe in
  • Provide information that will help with a re-election issue
  • Provide information that will help with a regulatory issue
  • There is no way to help both at the same time

Question 97

Question
This type of deal, negotiated between the president and a foreign leader, does not require approval by the Senate
Answer
  • treaty
  • presidential accord
  • administrative pact
  • executive agreement

Question 98

Question
The guiding strategies and goals that direct U.S. relations with other countries are its
Answer
  • foreign policy
  • internationalism
  • national defense system
  • isolationism

Question 99

Question
To halt the spread of communism, the United States adopted this policy.
Answer
  • internationalism
  • preemption
  • isolationism
  • containment

Question 100

Question
The supervisor of the diplomatic activities of the United Sates is the
Answer
  • secretary of defense
  • secretary of state
  • consul of the United States
  • ambassador of the United States

Question 101

Question
The regional security pact was developed by the United States and Western Europe
Answer
  • Rio Pact
  • ANZUS
  • NATO
  • OAS

Question 102

Question
When the United States withholds loans, arms, or economic aid, it is using
Answer
  • bilateral treaties
  • collective security
  • conscription
  • sanctions

Question 103

Question
"I believe that we must assist free peoples to work out their own destinies in their own way. I believe that our help should be primarily through economic and financial aid which is essential to economic stability and orderly political processes. . . . The free peoples of the world look to us for support in maintaining their freedoms. If we falter in our leadership, we may endanger the peace of the world--and we shall surely endanger the welfare of this nation." -Harry S Truman, 1947 When faced with the spread of Communism during the Cold War, President Truman adopted a policy known as containment. What type of assistance did President Truman believe to be the most effective for the countries resisting communism?
Answer
  • military
  • financial
  • technology
  • communication

Question 104

Question
It has been suggested that senators actually appoint district judges, and presidents confirm them, through the practice of
Answer
  • senatorial courtesy
  • advice and consent
  • legislative vetoes
  • requiring a two-thirds majority for confirmation

Question 105

Question
The Founders expected that judicial review would be relatively passive because
Answer
  • judges would be constrained by the legislature
  • judges would be constrained by the president
  • judges would be empowered to award money damages only
  • judges would merely find and apply the existing law

Question 106

Question
In McCulloch v. Maryland, the Supreme Court held that
Answer
  • states could tax a federal bank
  • state militia were subservient to the federal armed services
  • the federal government could pass any laws necessary and proper to the attainment of constitutional ends
  • the federal government was subject to the laws of the states

Question 107

Question
Until the 1930s, the Supreme Court interpreted the Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendment to
Answer
  • view civil rights very narrowly
  • view civil rights very broadly
  • expand the notion of interstate commerce
  • contract the notion of interstate commerce

Question 108

Question
What does the U.S. Constitution have to say about the size of the Supreme Court?
Answer
  • It specifically sets the number of justices at six, later amended to nine
  • It specifically sets the number of justices at nine
  • It suggest but does not mandate a Court of nine justices
  • It does not indicate how large the Court should be

Question 109

Question
The chief judicial weapon in the government's system of checks and balances is known as
Answer
  • judicial activism
  • judicial interpretation
  • judicial review
  • judicial standing

Question 110

Question
A judicial activist is a judge who holds
Answer
  • that courts should make as well as interpret law
  • a liberal ideology
  • that courts should make but not interpret law
  • a conservative ideology

Question 111

Question
Fee shifting refers to the practice of
Answer
  • dividing attorney's fees among all participants in a class-action suit
  • getting the loser to pay court costs
  • getting the government to pay the fees of all parties
  • having attorneys adjust their fees according to their experience and the damages awards

Question 112

Question
The rules regarding standing to bring a case to federal court involve all of the following except
Answer
  • the existence of a controversy between adversaries
  • the probability of reaching a satisfactory solution
  • evidence that actual harm has occurred
  • a stake in the outcome beyond that of being a taxpayer

Question 113

Question
The majority of cases heard by federal courts begin in
Answer
  • district courts
  • state courts
  • municipal courts
  • appellate courts

Question 114

Question
A writ of certiorari is issued by
Answer
  • the Supreme Court
  • a lower court, usually a district court
  • the defendant in a federal case
  • the plaintiff in a federal case

Question 115

Question
Two common ways for a plaintiff to lower the costs of an appeal are by filing and being heard as a pauper (in forma pauperis) and by
Answer
  • finding an interest group to support the case
  • finding a writ of certiorari
  • asking the courts to rule in absentia
  • suing under the principle of sovereign immunity

Question 116

Question
California is suing Arizona over the use of the Colorado River. The case will be heard by
Answer
  • a federal court
  • the Supreme Court
  • the Supreme Court of Arizona
  • the U.S. Supreme Court

Question 117

Question
The court that first hears a case is said to have
Answer
  • appellate jurisdiction
  • exclusive jurisdiction
  • original jurisdiction
  • concurrent jurisdiction

Question 118

Question
Which of the following could be the subject of a criminal case tried in federal court?
Answer
  • bankruptcy
  • civil rights
  • counterfeiting
  • labor relations

Question 119

Question
Which of the following is a TRUE statement about a writ of certiorari?
Answer
  • Only a defendant can petition for it
  • Only a plaintiff can petition for it
  • The Supreme Court must grant cert for all requests
  • The Supreme Court grants cert in a limited numbers of instances

Question 120

Question
Which of the following federal courts exercises both original and appellate jurisdiction?
Answer
  • the Supreme Court
  • court of appeals
  • district court
  • the Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit

Question 121

Question
Which of the following statements about federal judges is TRUE?
Answer
  • They must have had previous service as State court judges or attorneys.
  • They serve a fixed term of office, set by Congress.
  • They are appointed by the President and confirmed by the Senate.
  • All of the above are true.

Question 122

Question
Most importantly, the Supreme Court is called the High Court because it is the
Answer
  • best court in the country
  • only court established by the Constitution
  • first court in which most of the important federal cases are heard
  • last court in which federal questions can be decided

Question 123

Question
The term of office for constitutional court judges is determined by
Answer
  • the Constitution
  • Congress
  • the Department of Justices
  • the President

Question 124

Question
Which statement about differences between constitutional courts and special courts is TRUE?
Answer
  • Constitutional courts do not exercise broad judicial power
  • Only constitutional courts hear cases arising out of expressed congressional powers
  • Special courts have special powers granted under Article III
  • Special courts hear a much narrower range of cases

Question 125

Question
Jurisdiction DIRECTLY limits
Answer
  • when a case may be heard
  • which court may decide a case
  • how many witnesses may be called by the defendant
  • the number of times a case may be appealed

Question 126

Question
Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes once said that the Constitution "means what the judges say it means." He was defining the Supreme Court's
Answer
  • original jurisdiction
  • power of judicial review
  • exclusive jurisdiction
  • right to use the writ of certiorari

Question 127

Question
The power of judicial review is held
Answer
  • exclusively by the Supreme Court
  • only by federal courts
  • by most federal and state courts
  • only by courts with appellate jurisdiction

Question 128

Question
Which of the following statements about the Supreme Court is FALSE
Answer
  • The Supreme Court exercises both original and appellate jurisdiction
  • Cases can reach the Supreme Court by certificate and writ of certiorari
  • The Supreme Court only reads briefs; it does not hear oral arguments
  • All of the above statements are false

Question 129

Question
Federal courts have exclusive jurisdiction over all of the following types of cases EXCEPT cases involving
Answer
  • a foreign government official
  • a person accused of a federal crime
  • citizens of different States
  • the infringement of a copyright

Question 130

Question
The independence of the judicial branch is ensured by the
Answer
  • manner in which federal judges are chosen
  • terms federal judges serve
  • salaries of federal judges
  • all of the above

Question 131

Question
As impartial as the court system tries to be, they are still impacted (in their decisions) by which of the following?
Answer
  • The Federal Budget
  • Social Changes
  • Political Contributions
  • Court Rulings from other countries

Question 132

Question
Which of the following statements about civil rights is NOT true?
Answer
  • Each person's rights are relative to the rights of others
  • Rights sometimes conflict with one another
  • Some rights may be limited in wartime
  • Rights are extended only to citizens

Question 133

Question
The Free Exercise Clause gives people the right to
Answer
  • assemble and express their views on public matters
  • hold meetings and parades on public streets without permits
  • believe whatever they choose to believe in matters of religion
  • exercise anywhere they choose

Question 134

Question
Which of the following statements about prior restraint is TRUE?
Answer
  • Prior restraint are usually upheld by the Supreme Court
  • The Constitution guarantees the right of prior restraint
  • This action is not constitutional in our nation.
  • Prior restraints are necessary to prevent censorship

Question 135

Question
Government has the right to make reasonable rules regulating assemblies
Answer
  • to uphold its limits on free speech
  • to protect against the inciting of violence or the endangerment of life
  • in situations that may involve protest against government policies
  • if rules are applied individually regarding content

Question 136

Question
Why can vulgar language be used on HBO, Showtime, and Sirius Radio?
Answer
  • They are limited by the time and place they broadcast these shows
  • The 1st Amendment covers ALL speech
  • Since someone pays for the service, they assume responsibility for the content
  • Technically, they cannot. This is why they are fined so many times

Question 137

Question
As this is the last test of the year, which of the following statements is most accurate?
Answer
  • Meikle.... That's all I can say
  • Our government is complex, yet strangely interesting
  • I wish Meikle knew how smart, funny, good-looking, and humble he truly is
  • I still think Ohio State has a good chance this year in the Big Ten, despite the sanctions and suspensions imposed by the grossly unfair and biased NCAA

Question 138

Question
Why type of jurisdiction do Nevada Municipal and Justice Courts have?
Answer
  • Appellate jurisdiction
  • Original jurisdiction

Question 139

Question
The Founders expected that judicial review would be relatively passive because
Answer
  • judges would be constrained by the legislature
  • judges would be constrained by the president
  • judges would be empowered to award money damages only
  • judges would merely find and apply the existing law

Question 140

Question
Which President helped NV become a state?
Answer
  • Lincoln
  • Polk
  • Taft
  • Buchanan

Question 141

Question
Who changes the NV constitution?
Answer
  • Legislators
  • Chamber of Commerce
  • Governor
  • Voters

Question 142

Question
How much of a majority is needed to pass a tax increase?
Answer
  • 3/4
  • 2/3
  • 5/8
  • 1/2

Question 143

Question
Which of the following State Officials are appointed?
Answer
  • State Treasure
  • Attorney General
  • State Controller
  • None of the above

Question 144

Question
What is the Nevada state senate term limit?
Answer
  • 2 years
  • 3 years
  • 4 years
  • 6 years

Question 145

Question
What are the requirements for Governor?
Answer
  • 25 years old, 2 year residency
  • 30 years old, 4 year residency
  • 28 years old, 2 years residency
  • 35 years old, 4 year residency

Question 146

Question
How many days does a Governor have to sign a bill before it becomes a law?
Answer
  • 3 days
  • 30 days
  • 5 days
  • 10 days

Question 147

Question
The Lieutenant Governor has two jobs. What are those two jobs?
Answer
  • Break ties
  • State Senate President
  • He advises the president
  • A & B
  • A & C

Question 148

Question
When Gerald Ford pardoned Richard Nixon for his role in Watergate, it meant that Nixon
Answer
  • was innocent of any crime he may have committed while in office
  • would have to admit to any wrongdoing while in office
  • could be impeached but not convicted for any crime he may have committed while in office
  • could not be prosecuted under federal law for any crime he may have committed while in office

Question 149

Question
The cabinet officers consist of the heads of
Answer
  • the major executive departments
  • the major governmental agencies and commissions
  • independent agencies and commissions
  • the major and minor governmental agencies

Question 150

Question
According to the Constitution, the President must
Answer
  • be a man who owns property
  • be at least 35 years of age
  • have held one major public office
  • have lived in the U.S. for at least 20 years

Question 151

Question
Which of the following statements is NOT an argument against the Electoral College system?
Answer
  • A candidate who loses the popular vote may still be elected President
  • An elector may vote for someone other than the voter-selected candidate
  • A strong third-party effort might throw the election into the House
  • The results depend upon how State congressional districts are drawn

Question 152

Question
As the Chief of State, the President
Answer
  • represents their political party
  • is responsible for all military action
  • is the head of our country
  • directs all actions of the federal government

Question 153

Question
What is the best reason to say that Congress reemerged to power after President Jackson?
Answer
  • There were no powerful personalities that came into power
  • The Office of President remained unable to deal with the social issues of the day
  • The Electoral College caused so much confusion that the House selected the President, this making them a figurehead
  • President Jackson did so much to destroy the integrity of the Office, that no one wanted it

Question 154

Question
Which of the following is NOT a Presidential Power, according to Article II?
Answer
  • Power to make treaties
  • Power to grant pardons
  • Power to veto Acts of Congress
  • Power to nominate all cabinet officials

Question 155

Question
The military and foreign relations powers of the President are viewed as being his sole responsibility. Which of the following statements is NOT a reason we view the office in this way?
Answer
  • As events occur, we need timely and quick action in cases of emergency
  • The Constitution gives the President much of the power in these areas
  • History has shown that Presidents have made better military leaders, since military experience is a requirement for the office
  • As the physical face of the nation, the perception of the President has evolved into that of the Chief Citizen and the Chief of State

Question 156

Question
Some independent agencies are quasi-legislative and quasi-judicial in that they
Answer
  • discuss rules and regulations for public policy with Congress and the courts
  • must enforce laws and decisions made by Congress and the courts
  • have certain powers, given to them by Congress, to make laws and rule on conflicts
  • tell Congress which laws to pass in regard to their functions

Question 157

Question
Which of the following is NOT a reason bureaucratic implementation may break down?
Answer
  • The lack of resources to carry out implementation
  • Unclear and unfocused laws
  • Unpopular and low public support
  • Faulty design and concept of the plan

Question 158

Question
Bureaucracies as __________ means that they check and ensure program performance, bureaucracies as __________ means that a program is thought out and created, and bureaucracies as __________ means that the program is being executed and adapted
Answer
  • Implementers, administrators, regulators
  • Regulators, implementers, administrators
  • Administrators, implementers, regulators
  • Regulators, administrators, implementers

Question 159

Question
A major difference between the Independent Agencies and the other areas of the bureaucracy (Cabinet, Executive Office, White House Staff) is that
Answer
  • Independent Agencies are always much larger than any other department
  • the other parts of the bureaucracy are more political than the Independent Agencies
  • their funding is discretionary, only
  • their tasks are for specific functions of the government, only

Question 160

Question
Each state determines how to cast its electoral vote. Today, the system adopted by all states is
Answer
  • winner-take-all
  • proportional division
  • the use of national party conventions
  • a vote by members of Congress from that state

Question 161

Question
According to class discussion, the greatest source of presidential power lies in the realm of
Answer
  • the U.S. Constitution
  • politics and public opinion
  • the execution of laws
  • foreign-policy formulation
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