Quiz by maggieluhrman, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by maggieluhrman about 5 years ago


AP World History Quiz

Resource summary

Question 1

Persian political organization included which of the following features?
  • a. an emperor who was little more than a figurehead due to provincial satraps
  • b. lower-level officials drawn from local authorities- political assimilation
  • c. a civil service examination system open to all citizens
  • d. a written constitution

Question 2

Which of the following was a unique feature of political life in classical Greece?
  • a. the granting of limited political rights to slaves
  • b. representative democracy
  • c. the idea of free male citizens running the affairs of state
  • d. the universal right to vote for all men and women who are citizens

Question 3

Which of the following represents a similarity between the Persian Empire and Classical Greece?
  • a. by 500 B.C.E., the Persians and Greeks had centralized political structures
  • b. by 500 B.C.E., both had expansive civilizations, whether through conquest or colonization
  • c. by 500 B.C.E., both possessed a strong sense of unified citizenship
  • d.by 500 B.C.E, both had become ethnically homogenous

Question 4

Which of the following statements represents a difference between the Persian Empire and Greece?
  • a. the Greeks emphasized an absolutist style monarchy
  • b. the Greeks permitted citizen women to participate in political actions whereas Persia did not
  • c. the Greek political culture permitted free males to openly participate in the Assembly
  • d. both political structures utilized provincial governors to maintain stability

Question 5

Which statement relates to the Hellenistic Greek era?
  • a. a resulting factor of the Peloponnesian War
  • b. the diffusion and expansion of Greek culture into the former Persian Empire and beyond
  • c. an assimilation of diverse cultures to a more Classical Greek culture
  • d. all to these acceptable answers

Question 6

Which of the following was a long-lasting consequence or continuum of the Greco-Persian Wars?
  • a. the decline of Athenian democracy
  • b. the end of Eurasian imperial states
  • c. the western expansion of the Maurya Empire
  • d. the concept of East/West divisions and conflict

Question 7

Which of the following describes an early Persian policy towards people with different cultural traditions who lived within the empire?
  • a. taxation of those who continued to practice non-Persian traditions
  • b. suppression and elimination of non-Persiona traditions
  • c. respect and tolerance for non-Persian traditions
  • d. forced assimilation to the Persian way of life and culture

Question 8

Athenian dominance over other regional city-states is directly related to the Athenian leadership during which series of conflicts?
  • a. Greco-Persian Wars
  • b. Punic Wars
  • c. Peloponnesian Wars
  • d. Macedonian Invasions

Question 9

Which of the following statements is accurate of the Persian political structure but not the Greeks?
  • a. utilization of a system of spies to maintain control of satrapies
  • b. absolute monarchs ruled by the will of the god Ahura Mazda
  • c. upholding and respecting various religious cults was a method of maintaining stability
  • d. none of these statements relates to Greece- only to Persia

Question 10

Infer: Which of the following is the most acceptable pattern of development for Classical Greek culture?
  • a. Achaemenids- Egypt- Minoan- Mycenae
  • b. Babylonians- Assyrians- Phoenicians- Minoans- Mycenae- Classical Greek
  • c. Egyptians- Phoenicians- Minoans- Mycenae- Classical Greek
  • d. Egyptians- Persians- Romans- Classical Greek

Question 11

What is unique about the Classical Greek political structure?
  • a. the polis or city-state developed without a centralized state or empire
  • b. Pericles created the first truly democratic-republic
  • c. the political structure was controlled by series of tyrants
  • d. the socio-cultural homogeneity created a more unified state

Question 12

Servants of the Spartan state were referred to as
  • a. Hessians
  • b. Satraps
  • c. Helots
  • d. Hellenists

Question 13

Whereas the Persians were an assimilation of cultures and more unified due to geography, the Greeks
  • a. were independent monarchies
  • b. were culturally similar but politically independent due to geography
  • c. were centralized around the Black Sea due to geography
  • d. were a confederation of militaristic city-states

Question 14

Greek economy was based on
  • a. maritime trade
  • b. the development of vineyards- olives and grapes
  • c. colonization in the region of the Mediterranean Basin
  • d. all are acceptable answers

Question 15

Which of the following concepts is best representative of both the Persians and Greek?
  • a. expansion was based on warfare and conquest
  • b. their economic structures were based around a strong centralized government
  • c. conquest of territory compared to colonization due to population growth
  • d. conquest was curtailed by epidemic disease

Question 16

Ganats were
  • a. underground irrigation systems
  • b. landed estates for agriculture
  • c. Persian military units
  • d. elevated fortresses or citadels

Question 17

Why did commercialism become the basis for Athenian wealth?
  • a. restricted agricultural development due to geography
  • b. trade related to colonization
  • c. improvements in maritime technology
  • d. all are acceptable arguments for commercial success

Question 18

A main causative reason for the Greco-Perisan Wars was
  • a. continued conflict in the region of Western Anatolia with the Ionian Greeks
  • b. the abduction of Pericles' wife
  • c. the efforts of Alexander to conquer Persian territory
  • d. commercial competitions

Question 19

The Hellenistic Era is best represented as a period of
  • a. a reunification of the comer Persian empire under Alexander
  • b. expansion of Greek philosophy and cultural identities
  • c. the establishment of new urban areas throughout the empire
  • d. all of these are related to the Hellenistic Era

Question 20

Which of the following is directly related to the death of Alexander the Great?
  • a. Antigonid Empire- Ptolemaic Empire- Seleucid Empire
  • b. Carthaginian influence grew in the Mediterranean Basin
  • c. the Roman Empire expanded eastward without conflict
  • d. chaos and rebellion resulted across the former Hellenistic Empire

Question 21

Zoroastrianism most probably influenced which of the following philosophical or religious traditons?
  • a. Daoism
  • b. Confucianism
  • c. Judaism
  • d. Hinduism

Question 22

Which of the following reflects a Zoroastrian idea that can be found in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam?
  • a. the concepts of heaven and hell
  • b. the idea of Brahman (World Soul)
  • c. the notion of reincarnation
  • d. the unity of opposites

Question 23

Which cultural tradition is particularly noted for its emphasis on logic and relentless questioning of received wisdom, without giving much role to the gods?
  • a. Confucian philosophy
  • b. Greek philosophy
  • c. Daoism
  • d. Zoroastiranism

Question 24

The cosmic struggle between Ahura Mazda and Angra Mainyu lies at the heart of which religion?
  • a. Buddhism
  • b. Hinduism
  • c. Judaism
  • d. Zoroastrianism

Question 25

Which of the following was a distinctive feature of the Greek way of thinking in the classical era?
  • a. a reverence for organized religion
  • b. confidence in human reasoning
  • c. respect for received wisdom
  • d. deference to established authority

Question 26

In the four centuries following the death of Jesus, Christianity
  • a. excluded women form leadership roles in the Church
  • b. rejected all the teaching and writing of Jews
  • c. created a church without hierarchy where all members were equal
  • d. defined Christianity as a religion open only to Jews

Question 27

What did Confucianism and Greek rationalism share in common?
  • a. a fervent belief in the supernatural
  • b. a diverse pantheon of gods
  • c. a monotheistic perspective on religion
  • d. a secular approach to understanding the world

Question 28

Which of the following represents a way that Greek scholarship influenced the world?
  • a. Greek learning was incorporated into Confucianism, creating a hybrid philosophy
  • b. Greek knowledge became a central element in an emerging "Eastern" civilization
  • c. Greek texts were translated into Arabic and stimulated Muslim intellectuals
  • d. Greek ideas entered India and were absorbed into Hinduism

Question 29

What did Buddhism and Christianity have in common?
  • a. they both ultimately died out in the land of their birth as their ideas were absorbed into other religious traditions
  • b. they both started out as an effort to reform the religions from which they had come, but soon emerged as separate religions
  • c. they were both associated with a specific people and localized geographic region
  • d. neither ever became an active missionary religion and did not spread widely beyond the region of their birth

Question 30

Who described himself as "the gadfly which God had given the state and all day long in all places ... arousing and persuading and reproaching you"?
  • a. Socrates
  • b. Confucius
  • c. Jesus of Nazareth
  • d. Plato

Question 31

What did Jesus and Socrates share in common?
  • a. both were historical founders of religions that spread beyond their place origin
  • b. both were sentenced to death by states which felt threatened by their teachings
  • c. both were regarded as having divine status by their followers
  • d. both were prolific writers and left behind a rich written record of their ideas

Question 32

Which of the following is true of the religious and philosophical traditions that developed in Eurasia in the centuries surrounding 500 B.C.E.?
  • a. all sought to define a single source of order and meaning in the universe
  • b. all played down the value of humankind
  • c. all drew on rationalism to explain the universe
  • d. all favored communal ritual

Question 33

Both Buddha and Jesus
  • a. were transformed into gods or people of divine state by their followers
  • b. actively opposed Zoroastrianism
  • c. actively sought to found new religions during their lifetimes
  • d. allied themselves with religious authorities in their regions

Question 34

Which of the following statements reflects the state of Christianity by 500 C.E.?
  • a. it was clear to all that the future of Christianity would be in Europe
  • b. states questioned the political loyalty of Christian converts and adopted a policy of religious persecution
  • c. Christianity became more unified as it spread, with Rome as its undisputed center
  • d. Christianity was endorsed by states in Europe and North Africa

Question 35

Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle were associated with
  • a. the Vedas
  • b. Christianity
  • c. the development of social contracts
  • d. Greek rationalism

Question 36

How did Christianity change in the first 500 years since its emergence?
  • a. the egalitarian small house churches during Jesus's lifetime evolved into a male-dominated hierarchal Christian church
  • b. Christianity changed from a religion of ritual and sacrifice to one of devotion and worship
  • c. Christianity evolved from philosophical reflections on the meaning of life to a fascination with the supernatural
  • d. reason replaced faith as the means of discovering the truth about the universe

Question 37

Which of the following can be inferred due to the acceptance of Christianity by Emperor Constantine and the eventual ban on polytheism by Emperor Theodosius during the 4th century C.E.?
  • a. the spread of Christianity accelerated westward into Germanic Europe
  • b. the spread of Christianity accelerated into regions of Persia and Africa
  • c. put an end to the intermittent persecution of Christians and created a solidifying effect on the crumbling Roman Empire
  • d. both emperors were ridiculed by the aristocracy for not upholding Roman tradition and were forced out of their positions as emperor

Question 38

Which of the following related to the spread of Christianity but not Buddhism
  • a. the religion/philosophy was intolerant of other belief systems as it spread
  • b. the religion/philosophy was absorbed into a revision of polytheism
  • c. the religion/philosophy became a geographically regionalized belief system
  • d. the religion/philosophy was more focused on internalized thought about moral concepts

Question 39

Compared to the various interpretations of Buddhism, the various interpretations of Christianity created
  • a. the ideal women as equals in the eyes of the Christian Church following the death of Jesus
  • b. a "clear cut distinction between 'right' and 'wrong'
  • c. a concept of rational thought based on science
  • d. a unified religious empire stretching from Persian in the eat ti Africa and Europe in the auth and west

Question 40

The spread and advancement of Christianity was enhanced by
  • a. the development of monasteries for teaching
  • b. missionary work
  • c. concept of salvation for all followers
  • d. all of these are acceptable

Question 41

Following the fall of the Roman Empire in the west, the center of Christianity moved to
  • a. Ethiopia and the Coptic Christian Church
  • b. the holy city of Jerusalem
  • c. the city of Jericho
  • d. the Byzantine Empire- Constantinople

Question 42

Conflicts and disputes in the Christian world led to
  • a. the creation of a council to oversee liturgical practices
  • b. the creation of the position of Pope, or Bishop of Rome
  • c. bitterness, violence, and warfare
  • d. the eventual removal of Nestorian beliefs

Question 43

Which of the following is true of the Hebrew nation?
  • a. created a covenant with God
  • b. spent time in captivity in Babylon (Babylonian Captivity)
  • c. Held captive in Egypt/led out by Moses
  • d. traditionally consider the Torah as perfect
  • e. all of these

Question 44

Which of the following is a common belief between Judaism and Christianity?
  • a. the Messiah
  • b. first five books as cultural history
  • c. one on one personal relationship with God
  • d. the influence of Mary Magdalene

Question 45

Which concept is common to Socrates, the Buddha, and Jesus?
  • a. they each presented ideals that ultimately transformed their respective cultural regions
  • b. all three were put to death for challenging the state
  • c. each created a society that eliminated the concept of patriarchy
  • d. they created the concept of a parallel universe blending religion, philosophy and science

Question 46

The economic wealth of the Early Roman State was based on
  • a. agriculture
  • b. mercantilism
  • c. mining
  • d. fishing

Question 47

The Roman Republic was not a true democracy; it was ruled by
  • a. an emperor
  • b. a counsel of wealthy male citizens
  • c. the military
  • d. the priests

Question 48

Which of the following was a key factor to the Romans' success in winning control of all of Italy?
  • a. the practice of enslaving their fiercest opponents
  • b. granting Roman citizenship to conquered peoples
  • c. the consuls served lifetime terms for stability
  • d. establishing alliances through intermarriage with the Etruscans

Question 49

As a result of the Roman conquest of Carthage, Rome
  • a. it allowed the Greeks to regain maritime control of the Mediterranean Sea
  • b. Roman freed their slices to honor the victory
  • c. it limited Rome's southern expansion
  • d. Rome gained control of the western Mediterranean Sea

Question 50

Similar to the early Persians and Alexander, when Rome took control of a foreign land, it
  • a. immediately enslaved the female population
  • b. reorganized the religious practices to their own
  • c. allowed considerable autonomy to cooperative elites and assimilated the populations
  • d. distributed the conquered territory among the military as reward for their loyalty

Question 51

Infer: Which of the following statements best represent social changes to Italian/Roman society as the empire continued to expand?
  • a. long military service was required
  • b. farmers were taken off their land to serve the state
  • c. wealth was concentrated more and more in the hands of the aristocracy
  • d. all are acceptable outcomes of Roman expansion

Question 52

The emperor responsible for the reorganization of the Roman government after 31 C.E. was
  • a. Julius Caesar
  • b. Constantine
  • c. Nero
  • d. Augustus

Question 53

Which of the following was a motivation for the expansion of the Roman Empire?
  • a. the wealth of the Eastern Mediterranean societies
  • b. to gain grater control of the rider with China
  • c. the influence of Christianity
  • d. to repel the threat of Greek expansion and Persian reorganization

Question 54

As a result of Germanic tribes entering into the western part of the Roman Empire,
  • a. they were rapidly accepted as citizens of the Roman state
  • b. they enslaved all Roman citizens who resisted
  • c. the bubonic plague devastated the Roman Empire
  • d. they assimilated and produced a hybrid culture that drew on both Germnic and Roman elements

Question 55

When the Roman Empire disintegrated in 476 C.E., the eastern region of the empire came to be known as
  • a. the Holy Roman Empire
  • b. the Byzantine Empire
  • c. the Achaemenid Empire
  • d. the Ottoman Empire

Question 56

Which of the following had an important influence on the Chinese imperial state following the fall of the Zhou Dynasty, the end of the Warring States Period, and the ascension of the Qin Dynasty?
  • a. Confucianism
  • b. Daoism
  • c. Legalism
  • d. Buddhism

Question 57

The centralization of the Chinese state under Qin Shihuangdi included
  • a. standardization of weights, measures, and currency
  • b. participation of the lower classes in shaping public policy
  • c. the organization of Buddhist monasteries
  • d. the creation of a complex of bureaucratic governors to manage the massive territory

Question 58

The early Han emperors reformed the Legalist system by
  • a. blending elements of the Roman Senate
  • b. distributing government bureaucratic positions to the peasantry
  • c. incorporating Confucianism
  • d. instituting Buddhism as a state philosophy

Question 59

Emperor Shihuanghi's response to the resistance and opposition of the scholar elite to centralization
  • a. was to burn their books
  • b. was execution
  • c. forced them to move to the capital
  • d. all of these are acceptable

Question 60

Whereas the Roman Empire fell primarily as a result of invasion, the Han Dynasty was weakened by
  • a. perpetual raids by nomadic groups
  • b. internal tension between the scholar bureaucrats and the eunuchs who were only loyal to the emperor
  • c. loyalties to the Confucian elite
  • d. all of these were reasons for the collapse of the Han Dynasty

Question 61

Which of the following expressed the basic difference between what the Roman Empire and the Han Dynasty believed was the key to good government?
  • a. the Roman Empire empowered the bureaucracy while the Han Dynasty empowered the people
  • b. the Roman Empire depended on a merit-based system of political recruitment while the Han Dynasty limited political office to the aristocracy
  • c. the Roman Empire believed in the separation of church and state while the Han Dynasty made religion the basis of government
  • d. the Roman Empire emphasized good laws while the Han Dynasty emphasized good men (morals)

Question 62

In contrast to what followed after the collapse of the Han Dynasty in China, the collapse of the Roman Empire
  • a. led to the emergence of highly decentralized political systems
  • b. caused an increase in population growth
  • c. ushered in a new phase of stability
  • d. produced a culturally homogenous civilization

Question 63

In contrast to the Roman Empire, the process of empire formation or reunification in China
  • a. was less dependent on military forces including mercenaries
  • b. had precedents to follow
  • c. involved the absorption of a foreign religious tradition
  • d. took centuries for recovery and reunification

Question 64

Which of the following was true of both the Roman and Chinese Empires?
  • a. they exhausted themselves through frequent indecisive battles with India
  • b. they invoked supernatural sanctions to support their rule
  • c. they evolved from republican tradition into empires ruled by single rulers
  • d. their economies relied heavily on slave labor

Question 65

What statement best describes both the Roman and Chinese gender relations?
  • a. Roman and Chinese women had numerous political rights
  • b. while subordinate to men, Roman women were considerably freer and less oppressed than were the Chinese women
  • c. both cultures were matriarchal which protects the process of inheritance
  • d. Rome and China were patriarchal societies where the elite women had considerable influence

Question 66

Why is "diversity" an apt word to describe India?
  • a. it has many deities
  • b. it has many languages and ethnic groups
  • c. it has a history of political division and class division
  • d. all of the above

Question 67

The Vedic Age was a new historical period in India marked by
  • a. the migration of Chinese peasants into India
  • b. the migration of Indo-Europeans into India
  • c. the emergence of the Vedic Kingdom
  • d. insurgencies by the Persians and the Hellenistic Greeks

Question 68

The class and caste systems in India were connected to
  • a. a widespread belief in reincarnation
  • b. purely economic concerns
  • c. the manipulations of the government
  • d. intervention by external invaders

Question 69

The reincarnation of the atman into a given class depends on
  • a. economic standing in the society
  • b. karma or deeds in life
  • c. physical strength and mental discipline
  • d. place within the caste

Question 70

What is the underlying message of the cycle of reincarnation?
  • a. strive for economic success
  • b. be the best and strongest human being you can be
  • c. accept your place and duties in life
  • d. always work to change your life and the world around you

Question 71

The Brahmins were important because
  • a. they knew how to perform essential sacrifices correctly
  • b. they were the wealthiest of Indian society
  • c. they were the most educated members in society
  • d. they were the only members of society who could own property

Question 72

The collection of Indian poetic hymns dedicated to the various deities and describing sacred practices is
  • a. Gilgamesh
  • b. Ramayana
  • c. the Rig Veda
  • d. the Artha Sastra

Question 73

What does the literature of the Vedic Age reveal about the role of women?
  • a. they are depicted as slaves to men
  • b. they are depicted as strong and resourceful, reflecting a favorable position in society
  • c. they are responsible for the development of the Indian theater
  • d. they are responsible for the care and feeding of the bodhisattvas

Question 74

To be released from the cycle of reincarnation is the concept of
  • a. samsura
  • b. sita
  • c. moksha
  • d. nirvana

Question 75

Siddartha Gautama articulated the "Four Noble Truths" which taught that
  • a. life is suffering and suffering is caused by desire
  • b. life is mystical and ephermeral
  • c. the meaning of life can be understood by worshipping a plethora of gods and deities
  • d. humanity is sinful by nature

Question 76

The ultimate spiritual reward in Buddhism is
  • a. material wealth
  • b. moksha
  • c. Brahminical salvation
  • d. nirvana

Question 77

The foundation of the Hindu religion is
  • a. a more practical of Jainism
  • b. the practice of Mahayana Buddhism
  • c. the Vedic religion of northern Indian Aryans
  • d. the worship of the bodhisattvas

Question 78

The Mauryan leader Ashoka converted to Buddhism and became a unique leader because of
  • a. the visions and revelations that he had
  • b. his dedication to nonviolence, morality, and moderation
  • c. Buddhist support for the government's extravagance
  • d. the brutality of his earlier conquests

Question 79

The deepest underlying message in many pieces of Hindu literature is
  • a. the concept that nirvana can be achieved through meditation
  • b. that material desires create conflict
  • c. that death creates life/intrinsic divinity
  • d. that caste created social equality

Question 80

The Chinese political system of strict laws and punishment is
  • a. Confucianism
  • b. Legalism
  • c. Daoism
  • d. Hinduism

Question 81

How does Confucian philosophy differ from Legalism and Daoism?
  • a. it emphasizes rules of morality, responsibility, and proper behavior
  • b. it emphasizes the connection between the spiritual world, nature, and man's existence
  • c. it created a poltical structure based on matrilineal inheritance
  • d. its concepts of nature and society are based on the ethereal existence of ancestors

Question 82

The fundamental concept of Daoism can be summarized as
  • a. a blind obedience to the ritual of divination
  • b. follow the path of nature and avoid unnecessary struggles
  • c. mankind is released from the world of evil through ancestor worship and sacrifice
  • d. the evil nature of man will overcome his enemies

Question 83

Which of the following best exemplifies a core belief of Confucianism and Daoism?
  • a. the importance of education for self-improvement
  • b. the concept of morality thorugh nature
  • c. family life was central to Chinese culture
  • d. male/female hierarchy was critical for maintaining control of one's family

Question 84

Which of the following philosophies emerged as a result of the Warring States period in China?
  • a. Legalism and Jainism
  • b. Confucianism and Daoism
  • c. Daoism and Buddhism
  • d. Confucianism, Daoism, and Zen Buddhism

Question 85

Which of the following is true of Confucianism but not Hinduism?
  • a. Confucianism did not focus on spiritual matters such as gods, spirits, or the afterlife
  • b. holy literature was also the basis for understanding the cultural developement
  • c. the human sensory existence was illusory
  • d. Laws of Manu describe a divinely ordained social order

Question 86

Pessimism, education as useless for improvement and only the state could act in the interest of the people are ideals related to
  • a. Hinduism
  • b. Legalism
  • c. Daoism
  • d. Buddhism

Question 87

The concept or ideal that human society consisted of unequal relationships is a primary tenet of
  • a. Legalism
  • b. Theravada Buddhism
  • c. Hinduism
  • d. Confucianism

Question 88

The philosophy and spirituality of Hinduism unpinned or supported
  • a. the caste system for the purpose of social stability
  • b. a tightening of the patriarchal society as related to the role
  • c. multiple paths for achieving the ultimate goal of moksha or liberation
  • d. all of these are acceptable answers

Question 89

Which of the following describes how Confucianism affected Chinese society?
  • a. Confucianism was adopted as the state religion of China
  • b. the civil service examination system was based on Confucian views
  • c. Confucianism encouraged individualistic values
  • d. Confucianism challenged social and gender hierarachies

Question 90

Buddhism and Hinduism are similar in that they both
  • a. rejected the religious authority of the Brahmins
  • b. rejected the concept of karma
  • c. offered hope for final release from the cycle of rebirth
  • d. evolved into monotheistic religions

Question 91

How was India's social structure different from that of China?
  • a. India had fewer distinct social groups
  • b. Indian social groups were defined more rigidly due to the caste
  • c. social status in India was defined in terms of heredity
  • d. social distinctions in India were more fluid with greater upward mobility

Question 92

Similar to First Civilizations, societies of the classical era
  • a. lacked sharp distinctions along class lines
  • b. were patriarchal in organization
  • c. rarely included slaves
  • d. were based on written constitutions and laws

Question 93

China was unique in the ancient world in the extent to which
  • a. slavery and slaveholding defined the society and state as a whole
  • b. its social organization was shaped and defined by the actions of the state
  • c. they adopted concepts of the caste for the purpose of organization and stability
  • d. women were given more rights and freedoms to participate in public life

Question 94

Classical era India and China were similar because in both societies
  • a. the social status of most people was never determined or influenced by heredity
  • b. social prestige was primarily attained thorough service to the state
  • c. upward mobility was common
  • d. sharp, well defined class distinctions and inequalities characterized the social order

Question 95

During the classical era, slaves comprised more than one-third of the total population in
  • a. India
  • b. China
  • c. the Roman Empire
  • d. Athens

Question 96

The growth of democracy in classical Athens was accompanied by
  • a. the simultaneous growth of slavery on a massive scale
  • b. the abolition of slaves and the right to vote
  • c. the association of slave status with ethnic bacgrounds
  • d. greater freedom for women to participate equally with men

Question 97

Which ancient society had the fewest restrictions on the female population?
  • a. Han China
  • b. Athens
  • c. Sparta
  • d. Classical India

Question 98

Which of the following philosophical or religious traditions provided a unifying ideology for peasant rebellions in China?
  • a. Hinduism
  • b. Confucianism
  • c. Daoism
  • d. Theravada Buddhism

Question 99

Which of the following describes women's status in the classical civilizations?
  • a. upper-class women had a tendency to live less restricted lives than lower-class women
  • b. women in general experienced fewer restrictions compared to those living in pastoral societies
  • c. public life in general was male domain, while women's roles took place mostly in domestic settings (men are outside/ women are inside)
  • d. women in general experienced fewer restrictions as compared to those who lived in early agricultural villages

Question 100

In contrast to women in Athens, Spartan women
  • a. were confined to their homes
  • b. married men close to their age
  • c. participated in government more equally
  • d. were praised for their intellect

Question 101

How did the centuries of political fragmentation and conflict following the fall of the Han Dynasty affect the lives of Chinese women?
  • a. women found themselves restricted to a greater degree due to the cultural influences of nomadic peoples who conquered parts of northern China
  • b. women were permanently removed from positions of priests, nuns, and mediators of Daosim
  • c. Buddhism and Daosim grew in popularity along with the influenced of nomadic cultures resulting in some loosening of the strict paritarchy supported by Confucianism
  • d. writings such as those of Ban Zhou encouraged and influenced women to be more assertive public and in the home

Question 102

Slaveholding was least prominent and least central to the economy of
  • a. Athens
  • b. China
  • c. Sparta
  • d. Imperial Rome

Question 103

Peasants were honored for their work while merchants were not respected in the ideology of
  • a. China
  • b. India
  • c. Imperial Rome
  • d. Athens

Question 104

Which social group occupied the highest level in the Indian caste?
  • a. Brahmin
  • b. Kshatriya
  • c. Vaishya
  • d. Shudra

Question 105

Peasant rebellions and resistance in China was a result of
  • a. high taxes and rent
  • b. state demands for military service
  • c. demands for state labor
  • d. all of these are acceptable answers

Question 106

Membership in a particular jati determined
  • a. occupation
  • b. whom one could marry
  • c. required duties and responsibilites
  • c. all are acceptable answers

Question 107

The inequalities and maintenance of the caste was related to
  • a. Hindu ideals of karma, dharma, and rebirth (reincarnation)
  • b. Buddhist concepts of nirvana and enlightenment
  • c. a strict hardline state supported military
  • d. none of these is an acceptable answer

Question 108

In India, the caste encouraged loyalty to local communities
  • a. due to the lack of a unified state military
  • b. because localization was based on the corresponding jati
  • c. through matrilineal inheritance
  • d. due to socio-cultural fragmentation

Question 109

Which of the following represented the major source of slaves for Imperial Rome?
  • a. indebted citizens
  • b. prisoners of war
  • c. criminals
  • d. foreign citizens

Question 110

In general, patriarchal systems that restricted women's lives were weakest
  • a. during long periods of peace and stability
  • b. in the early years of a civilization's developement
  • c. when states adopted ideologies that linked female inferiority to nature and animistic concepts
  • d. in urban-based civilizations at the height of their power

Question 111

Which concepts is the best comparative analysis for the Yellow Turban Rebellion and the slave rebellion led by Spartacus in the Roman Empire?
  • a. both were large-scale, violent reactions to oppressive conditions implemented by each state
  • b. both resulted in the expulsion of slavery in their respective empirs
  • c. both forced their respective government to implement reforms and requirements of slaves
  • d. both saw influential women assume leadership roles

Question 112

Which of the following is true of slavery in the Mediterranean societies but not in China or India?
  • a. slavery was much more common in the Mediterranean region than in China or India
  • b. slaved in the Mediterranean region were restricted in their duties compared to China
  • c. slave states developed in the Eastern states due to extensive trade
  • d. India and China depended on slaved to maintain an economy supplying a large population

Question 113

Which of the following statements represents an accurate comparison of the treatment of women in Athens and Sparta?
  • a. In Athens, women were excluded from public life whereas women of Sparta were afforded more freedom but not any formal role in public life
  • b. Spartan women were often engaged in or preparing for war, whereas Athenian women had very little or no responsibility to the military
  • c. Athenian marriages typically took place between a woman in her teens and a man 10-15 years older whereas Spartan marriages were between people of the same age
  • d. all of these answers are acceptable and correct comparisons

Question 114

Which of the following statements represents an accurate comparison of social hierarchies of China and India?
  • a. Indian society was divided into vast numbers of distinct social groups whereas China had fewer, but broader categories in their society
  • b. slaves were critical to the economy and held a higher level of esteem in India than in China
  • c. the social hierarchies were determined based on your occupation and importance to the state
  • d. upward mobility was a key motivator for the people to succeed in the duties and responsibilites

Question 115

How did masculinity or feminism relate to social status?
  • a. females of elite families were permitted greater public freedoms
  • b. participation in Athenian democracy was open to all free born citizens
  • c. political offices were limited to men in Athens and Rome / China's civil service was limited to men
  • d. peasant women gained the same privileges as women of the aristocracy due to their importance of maintaining a working economic system

Question 116

During the Classical Era, the world's population was unevenly distributed with the majority living on which landmass?
  • a. Africa
  • b. Central/South America
  • c. Eurasia
  • d. North America

Question 117

Which of the following is the most commonly accepted cause for the decline of the Maya Civilization in the 9th century C.E.?
  • a. European invasions and conquest
  • b. mass flooding creating agricultural deprivation
  • c. long periods of drought
  • d. internal conflict and rebellion

Question 118

Which of the following is an acceptable comparison for the development of civilizations in Mesoamerica and the Eurasian landmass?
  • a. greater diffusion and assimilation in the Eastern hemisphere due to geographic proximity
  • b. the availability of animals for domestication allowed for the development of pastoral societies in the Eastern civilizations whereas the Mesoamerica civilizations were not pastoral
  • c. the development of metallurgy in the Eastern hemisphere generated plow-based agricultural societies whereas the Mesoamerican civilizations maintained a simpler agricultural system
  • d. all these are acceptable comparisons

Question 119

How did the environmental features of Africa affect the continent?
  • a. a general lack of rainfall meant that agricultural societies were completely dependent on irrigation
  • b. persistent warm temperatures accelerated the decomposition of humus, resulting in a less productive agriculture
  • c. the network of rivers draining the continent facilitated the emergence of large empires that encompassed most of the continents population
  • d. the scarcity of raw materials prevented the development of iron tools and weapons

Question 120

Which of the following linguistic families was spoken by the migrating people of Africa?
  • a. Arabic
  • b. Bantu
  • c. Latin
  • d. Germanic

Question 121

In contrast to cities in other civilizations, cities in the Niger River region
  • a. had their own centralized political structure with a divine monarch
  • b. were run by complex bureaucracies
  • c. were encompassed within a larger regional imperial state
  • d. functioned without a coercive dominating state authority

Question 122

During the period of Bantu migration, these groups of people assimilated with East African hunting-gathering groups and gained an advantage due to
  • a. their ability to produce gunpowder
  • b. their extensive trade network with Europeans
  • c. their iron-working technology
  • d. their mysticism and rituals

Question 123

Both the Maya and Axum were similar in the both
  • a. were ruled by a single powerful kind
  • b. possessed a written script
  • c. left behind few monumental structures
  • d. severely limited trade to protect homgeneity

Question 124

During the second wave civilizations or the classical era, which of the following differentiated Mesoamerica from Eurasian civilizations?
  • a. domestication of animals
  • b. use of various metallurgies
  • c. the creation of complex imperial states
  • d. all of these are acceptable differences

Question 125

The political organization of the May most resembled
  • a. the city-states of classical Greece
  • b. the imperial state of Rome
  • c. dynastic China
  • d. the Niger River civilization

Question 126

Mesoamerican and Andean cultures were similar in that both
  • a. were influenced by the Chavin and Olmec
  • b. failed at their respective attempts to generate long-distance trade networks
  • c. used iron tools extensively
  • d. were dominated by cities or regional states rather than a single empire

Question 127

As Meroe developed and exerted more influence along the southern Nile
  • a. a cultural shift away from Egypt occurred
  • b. they came in greater contact with the interior of Africa
  • c. they created an imperial state similiar to Rome
  • d. they developed a close trade alliance with the Muslim Arabs

Question 128

Which of the following statements related to Andean civilizations is most accurate?
  • a. in the Andean region, it was possible to settle along the coastal plain
  • b. civilizations of the Andean region were politically weak
  • c. no regional religious traditions developed in the Andean region
  • d. the need for elaborate irrigation projects helped create strong states in the Andes region

Question 129

Christianity in Axum most closely identified with which church?
  • a. the Coptic Church of Egypt
  • b. the Church of Rome
  • c. the Orthodox Church of Constantinople
  • d. Cyrillic Orthodoxy

Question 130

Which statement most accurately describes the relationship between civilizations of Mesoamerica and the Andean region?
  • a. they developed a thriving trade network based on regional scarcity
  • b. they had constant battles over the territories north of South America
  • c. they had little if any direct contact with each other
  • d. they developed a strong alliance against common invaders

Question 131

Which of the following relates to a feature of the Bantu religious culture?
  • a. it was concerned with explaining, predicting, and controlling local affairs
  • b. it claimed to be a universal religion and was focused on missionary outreach
  • c. it incorporated aspects of Christianity due to diffusion and assimilation with Rome
  • d. it viewed God as remote and largely uninvolved in ordinary life

Question 132

The archeological evidence found at the village located at Chavin suggests
  • a. that it was a center of political attempts with democracy
  • b. that the culture studied science and medicine
  • c. that they were steeped in slave trade and slave-based economy
  • that the Chavin were focused on a religious movement that spread throughout the Andes

Question 133

According to the remains of the Moche civilization suggests that
  • a. peace and meditation was a focus of the rulers to maintain stability
  • b. war and ceremony was important to the rulers
  • c. the leaders were focused on establishing a culture based on nature and farming
  • d. the rulers had established a civilization based on education and democracy

Question 134

How did sharing a common border affect relations between the inland empires of Wari and Tiwanaku?
  • a. they exchanged knowledge as seen in the Tiwanaku adoption of the hillside terracing style of farming developed by the Wari
  • b. They appeared to cooperate as there was little overt conflict or warfare between them
  • c. people living along the border intermarried and created a hybrid culture that assimilated into a common Andean culture
  • d. there was constant warfare and invasions into each other's territory for resources

Question 135

Which society was considered to be less patriarchal due to its system of "gender parallelism" which associated female roles with village life and male roles with hunting and the forest?
  • A. Aksum
  • b. Bantu
  • c. Maya
  • d. Tiwanaka
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