B3.2 - Everything in the Specification

Harry Woodhall
Quiz by Harry Woodhall, updated more than 1 year ago
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Description

A quick quiz on everything outlined in the AQA specification for B3.2.
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Resource summary

Question 1

Question
Which system transports substances around the body?
Answer
  • Circulatory
  • Nervous
  • Digestive
  • Respiratory

Question 2

Question
The heart is an [blank_start]organ[blank_end] and [blank_start]pumps[blank_end] [blank_start]blood[blank_end] around the body. Much of the wall of the heart is made from [blank_start]muscle[blank_end] [blank_start]tissue[blank_end].
Answer
  • organ
  • muscle
  • tissue
  • pumps
  • blood

Question 3

Question
Label the highlighted parts of the heart.
Answer
  • right atrium
  • right ventricle
  • left ventricle
  • left atrium
  • aorta
  • vena cava
  • pulmonary vein
  • pulmonary artery

Question 4

Question
Blood enters the [blank_start]atria[blank_end] of the heart. The [blank_start]atria[blank_end] [blank_start]contract[blank_end] and force blood into the [blank_start]ventricles[blank_end]. The [blank_start]ventricles[blank_end] [blank_start]contract[blank_end] and force blood out of the heart. [blank_start]Valves[blank_end] in the heart ensure that blood flows [blank_start]in the correct direction[blank_end]. Blood flows from the heart to the organs through [blank_start]arteries[blank_end] and returns through [blank_start]veins[blank_end]. There are two separate [blank_start]circulatory[blank_end] systems - one for the [blank_start]lungs[blank_end], and one for all the other organs in the body.
Answer
  • atria
  • aorta
  • ventricles
  • pulmonary artery
  • aorta
  • pulmonary artery
  • ventricles
  • atria
  • contract
  • expand
  • ventricles
  • atria
  • vena cava
  • aorta
  • vena cava
  • aorta
  • atria
  • ventricles
  • contract
  • expand
  • Valves
  • Veins
  • Arteries
  • Capillaries
  • Tissues
  • arteries
  • veins
  • capillaries
  • veins
  • capillaries
  • arteries
  • in the correct direction
  • as quickly as possible
  • in small increments
  • circulatory
  • digestive
  • respiratory
  • lungs
  • heart
  • kidneys
  • muscles

Question 5

Question
What are the characteristics of arteries?
Answer
  • Thick walls, muscle tissue, valves
  • Thick walls, valves, elastic fibres
  • Thin walls, muscle tissue, elastic fibres
  • Thin walls, muscle tissue, capillaries
  • Thick walls, muscle tissue, elastic fibres

Question 6

Question
What are the characteristics of veins?
Answer
  • Thin walls, valves
  • Thin walls, capillaries
  • Thin walls, muscle tissue
  • Thick walls, valves
  • Thick walls, capillaries

Question 7

Question
STENTS - [blank_start]Narrow[blank_end] [blank_start]tubes[blank_end] capable of supplying a [blank_start]blood[blank_end] [blank_start]flow[blank_end] equivalent to an [blank_start]artery[blank_end]
Answer
  • Narrow
  • tubes
  • flow
  • blood
  • artery

Question 8

Question
[blank_start]Coronary heart disease[blank_end] can be caused by [blank_start]fatty deposits[blank_end] building up on the inner surface of [blank_start]arteries[blank_end]. These deposits restrict blood flow and can cause [blank_start]heart attacks[blank_end]. [blank_start]Stents[blank_end] can be inserted into the [blank_start]arteries[blank_end] and can increase the blood flow to the [blank_start]heart muscles[blank_end]. Stents do have some drawbacks: they can irritate the [blank_start]artery lining[blank_end], causing [blank_start]scar tissue[blank_end] to grow there, and drugs must be taken to avoid [blank_start]blood clotting[blank_end] in the stent itself.
Answer
  • Coronary heart disease
  • Strokes
  • Myocardial infarctions
  • Cardiac arrests
  • fatty deposits
  • cholestrol deposits
  • lipid deposits
  • amino acid deposits
  • arteries
  • veins
  • capillaries
  • heart attacks
  • strokes
  • paralysis
  • heart failure
  • hypertension
  • Stents
  • Enzymes
  • Stem cells
  • arteries
  • veins
  • capillaries
  • heart muscles
  • lungs
  • tissues
  • respiratory system
  • artery lining
  • vein lining
  • bloodstream
  • scar tissue
  • excess muscle tissue
  • bacteria
  • blood clotting
  • build-up of proteins
  • excess cholestrol
  • deoxygenation of blood

Question 9

Question
In the [blank_start]organs[blank_end], blood flows through very [blank_start]narrow[blank_end], [blank_start]thin-walled[blank_end] [blank_start]blood vessels[blank_end] called [blank_start]capillaries[blank_end]. [blank_start]Substances[blank_end] needed by the [blank_start]cells[blank_end] in body [blank_start]tissues[blank_end] pass out of the [blank_start]blood[blank_end], and [blank_start]substances[blank_end] produced by the cells pass into [blank_start]the blood[blank_end] through the [blank_start]walls[blank_end] of the capillaries.
Answer
  • narrow
  • thin-walled
  • Substances
  • cells
  • capillaries
  • blood vessels
  • tissues
  • blood
  • substances
  • walls
  • the blood
  • organs

Question 10

Question
Blood is a tissue.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 11

Question
Blood consists of plasma, red blood cells, and white blood cells.
Answer
  • True
  • False

Question 12

Question
Blood plasma transports [blank_start]carbon dioxide[blank_end] from the organs to the [blank_start]lungs[blank_end], [blank_start]soluble products of digestion[blank_end] from the [blank_start]small intestine[blank_end] to other organs, and [blank_start]urea[blank_end] from the [blank_start]liver[blank_end] to the kidneys.
Answer
  • carbon dioxide
  • oxygen
  • soluble products of digestion
  • mineral ions
  • absorbed glucose and/or glycogen
  • small intestine
  • large intestine
  • urea
  • plasma
  • blood
  • liver
  • pancreas
  • stomach
  • intestines
  • lungs
  • kidneys
  • alveoli

Question 13

Question
a) What do white blood cells have that platelets don't? b) What do white blood cells do? c) What do platelets do?
Answer
  • a) A nucleus. b) Defend the body against microorganisms. c) Transport blood around the body.
  • a) A nucleus. b) Defend the body against microorganisms. c) Help blood to clot.
  • a) A cell membrane. b) Defend the body against microorganisms. c) Help blood to clot.
  • a) A cell membrane. b) Defend the body against microorganisms. c) Transport blood around the body.
  • a) A nucleus. b) Help blood to clot. c) Defend the body against microorganisms.

Question 14

Question
Red blood cells transport [blank_start]oxygen[blank_end] from the lungs to the [blank_start]organs[blank_end]. Red blood cells have no [blank_start]nucleus[blank_end]. They are packed with a [blank_start]red[blank_end] pigment called [blank_start]haemoglobin[blank_end]. In the lungs, haemoglobin combines with [blank_start]oxygen[blank_end] to form [blank_start]oxyhaemoglobin[blank_end]. In other organs, [blank_start]oxyhaemoglobin[blank_end] splits up into haemoglobin and [blank_start]oxygen[blank_end].
Answer
  • oxygen
  • organs
  • nucleus
  • red
  • haemoglobin
  • oxygen
  • oxyhaemoglobin
  • oxyhaemoglobin
  • oxygen

Question 15

Question
Flowering plants have separate transport systems: - [blank_start]Xylem tissue[blank_end] transports [blank_start]water[blank_end] and [blank_start]mineral ions[blank_end] from the [blank_start]roots[blank_end] to the [blank_start]stem[blank_end] and [blank_start]leaves[blank_end]. - [blank_start]Phloem tissue[blank_end] carries [blank_start]dissolved sugars[blank_end] from [blank_start]the leaves[blank_end] to the rest of the [blank_start]plant[blank_end].
Answer
  • Xylem tissue
  • Phloem tissue
  • water
  • mineral ions
  • roots
  • stem
  • leaves
  • dissolved sugars
  • the leaves
  • plant

Question 16

Question
TRANSPIRATION SYSTEM - The [blank_start]movement[blank_end] of water from the [blank_start]roots[blank_end] through the [blank_start]xylem[blank_end] and out of the [blank_start]leaves[blank_end] is called the transpiration system.
Answer
  • movement
  • diffusion
  • roots
  • leaves
  • waxy cuticle
  • xylem
  • phloem
  • stem
  • roots
  • leaves
  • roots
  • stem
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