Flashcards by sobrien99, updated more than 1 year ago
Created by sobrien99 about 8 years ago


Home Ec. Flashcards on Nutrients, created by sobrien99 on 05/21/2013.

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Question Answer
Vitamin C group SOURCES >FRUITS: oranges, kiwis, strawberries, blackcurrants >VEGETABLES: peppers, tomatoes,new potatoes, broccoli
Vitamin C group SOURCES >FRUITS: oranges, kiwis, strawberries, blackcurrants >VEGETABLES: peppers, tomatoes,new potatoes, broccoli
Carbohydrates are divided into three groups Sugars Starches Dietary fibre
Vitamin C group DEFICIENCY DISEASES >Scurvy >Slow healing of wounds >Increased risk of infection >Anaemia
Sugars (carbohydrates) fruit milk cake biscuits soft drinks jam honey sugar
Vitamin A group FUNCTIONS >Growth >Healthy eyes >Healthy skin >Healthy lining of nose and throat
Starches (carbohydrates) cereals potatoes root vegetables pulse vegetables
Vitamin A group SOURCES >Fish liver oils >Oily fish >Butter >Eggs
Vitamin A group DEFICIENCY DISEASES >Slow growth >Night blindness >Rough, dry skin
Vitamin D group FUNCTIONS >Healthy bones and teeth
Dietary fibres (carbohydrates) vegetables fruit brown rice brown bread
Vitamin D group SOURCES >Sunshine >Fish liver oil >Oily fish >Eggs >Fortified milk
Vitamins >Micronutrients
Vitamins are divided into 2 groups Water soluble: B GROUP AND C Fat soluble: A,D,C AND K
Vitamin D DEFICIENCY DISEASES >Rickets in children >Osteomalacia in adults (adult rickets) >Osteoporosis (brittle bones) >Unhealthy teeth
Vitamin E FUNCTIONS >An antioxidant >Healthy red blood cells
Vitamin E SOURCES >Nuts >Seeds >Eggs >Cereals
High biological value protein >Meat >Fish >Eggs >Dairy produce >Soya beans >Quorn
Vitamin B group FUNCTIONS >Helps metabolism >Healthy nerves >helps prevent spina bifida in the unborn child (folic acid)
Low biological value protein >Peas >Beans >Lentils >Nuts >Whole cereals >Muesli
CARBOHYDRATES >Glucose, >Macronutrient >Flour, bread, potatoes, etc.
Vitamin E DEFICIENCY DISEASES >Anemia in babies >More risk of heart diseases
Why are carbohydrates important to the body? >Heat and energy >Fiberous carbohydrates prevent constipation >Helps absorption
RDA of protein Adults: 1g of protein for 1kg
Vitamin B group SOURCES red meat fish milk cheese fortified breakfast cereals
Vitamin K FUNCTIONS >Helps blood to clot
Vitamin K SOURCES >Made in the intestine >Green vegetables >Cereals
Vitamin K DEFICIENCY DISEASES >Blood clotting problems (RARE)
Vitamin B group DEFICIENCY DISEASES >Increased risks of spina bifida in unborn babies >Beri-beri (B1) >Pellagra (B5)
Saturated fats >Butter >Meat >Milk and cheese >Eggs >Suet
Vitamin C group FUNCTIONS >General health >Healthy teeth and gums >Helps absorb IRON >Helps heal wounds
Unsaturated fats >Sunflower oil >Olive oil >Nuts >Seeds >Polyunsaturated margarine (Flora) >Fish oils >Oily fish
PROTEIN >Amino acids >Macronutrient >Meats, fish, some nuts, soya beans lentils, tofu etc.
Why are proteins important to the body >Repair and maintenance of cells >Growth >Heat and energy
What are the deficiency diseases of protein >Malnutrition
FAT >Fatty acids and glycerol >Macronutrient >Butter, cream, oil, red meat, etc.
Why are fats important to the body? >Heat and energy >Insulation >Protection
What are the diseases associated with fats? >Obesity (excess) >Malnutrition (deficiency) >Fat soluble vitamin deficiency (deficiency)
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