Psychology A2

stevefisher48
Flashcards by , created about 6 years ago

Flashcards on Psychology A2, created by stevefisher48 on 05/29/2013.

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stevefisher48
Created by stevefisher48 about 6 years ago
Formation
SophHatherlyx
Healthy living
Becca Gaden
Parental Investment
SophHatherlyx
Science Revision - Year 10
Caitlin Kumala
Část 2.
Gábi Krsková
The Biological Approach to Psychology
Gabby Wood
Individual Vs Situational debate
Becca Gaden
Social Learning Theory (SLT)
SophHatherlyx
Theories of Offending
cecollier
Parental Investment Psychology A2 AQA
ashleighlongmoor
Question Answer
Wikstrom Findings Peterborough Youth Study Aim - Investigates link disadvantage and criminality
Wikstrom Results - Offending widespread experience in adolescents - high freq. offenders versatile -adolescent off. spend rel. little time - more victimized than others
Wikstrom Explanatory factors 1 - gender NOT strong predictor - fam. structure modest affect on offending - disadvantaged adolescents likely h. risk lifestyles - most youths pro. social - more risk factors = ^ likely to offend - routines & lifestyle risks strong predictors
Wikstrom Explanatory Factors 2 - 3 types offender: propensity induced offenders, lifestyle dependent off., situationally limited off.
Wikstrom Conclusions - IDs key factors to be addressed - unlikely to affect propensity induced offenders
Wikstrom Evaluation - Self report (criminal activity social desirability) - snapshot - large sample but ethnocentric - genders balanced - parallel data acquisition - replicable - applicable - range of measures increases validity - labelling individuals unethical (self- fulfilling prophesy)
Akers et al linked to differential assoc. (sutherland) Aim - test slt and diff. assoc. explaining drinking/drug taking adolescents - strong support slt 55% variance drink. beh. 68% var. drug use (regression equation) - predictions made correct to % - predicted variable: differential peer assoc., least: imitation
Akers et al Discussion - poor predictive strength imitation = bad slt, though slt redeemed through related variables - strong support differential assoc. (peer group influence, beh. norms)
Akers et al Evaluation - self report (demand characteristics) - massive sample (increased reliability) - boys & girls wide range ages (generalisable) -ethnocentric (one region one country) -useful as test val. of learn. theories - snapshot (dev + participant variables poor) - authors admit longitudinal study needed - correlation
Juby & Farrington Evaluation - longitudinal, observe development but subject attrition poss. - prospective study no bias -findings generalized? targets spec. socio group, greatly ethno and andro centric - reliability? - lots quantitive data, not replicable - reductionist or holistic? - v. holistic mirrors many aspects kids lives - applicable? yes, validity? yes, answers correct & relevant? data collection valid: self report - ethical issues? none - correlational
Juby & Farrington Discussion - Disrupted fam's assoc ^ delinqu. rates - Causes + events aft. disr. important - Loss Mother = ^ del. v dad - authors warn simplistic interpretation - intact fam's disharmony = disrupt. - any fam. could be criminogenic
Juby & Farrington Cambridge Study in Delinquent Development - disruptive v intact (1.9) - disharmony v death (2.0) - father v mother (3.7) - disruption v high conflict (1.0 to 1.4)