18.104.22.168 CATE ET AL- 337 pps asked to test
current relationship in terms of
need/satisfaction level. Found reward
was superior to other factors in
determining relationship satisfaction
22.214.171.124.1 HOWEVER- Hayes found we
also gain satisfaction from giving
as well as recieving
126.96.36.199 Most of the studies were conducted in a lab
so there is a lack of mundane realism.
1.3 Bryne and Clore
2.1 GENDER DIFFERENCES.
Women tend to be socialised
to being more attentive to the
needs of men
2.2 CULTURAL BIAS.
Reward/Need not relevant in all
cultures. In many cultures,
women focus on needs of
others than recieving
2.3 SOCIALLY SENSITIVE- Walster
study. pps may be distressed if they
found out that they had been scored
low on attractiveness.
3.1.1 Similar personalities and attitudes
promote liking. We dismidd those who
are dissimilar to us
3.1.2 PERSONALITIES- More
attracted to those with similar
personality traits. Married couples
with similar personalities are more
likely to be happy
3.1.3 ATTITUDES- If partners attitudes
towards important issues differ,
process of attitude alignment occurs.
One or both alter attitudes to similar
3.2.1 Supporting Evidence...
188.8.131.52 LEHO AND GEHER- Attitude
similarity has an effect on likability.
If a description of imaginary
stranger was similar to pp, rated
184.108.40.206 Similarity is important as there
is a less chance of being
rejected, which is rewarding
220.127.116.11 WALSTER- People who are similar end up
together if matched in terms of attractiveness,
intelligence, social standing. He also said we are
more likely to choose someone that we think
wont reject us
18.104.22.168.1 Students dance- pps prefered
attractive dates, but asked those
equally mated to those.
22.214.171.124 MURSTEIN- more likely to date someone of an equal
attractiveness. friends also found to be matched on
126.96.36.199 ROSENBAUM- dissimilarity is more
important as it determines if a relationship
will/wont work out
188.8.131.52 Assumes that all couples are only
matched on attractiveness Walster
184.108.40.206 YOSHINDA- points out that it only
represents a narrow view of factors
important in relationship formation.
220.127.116.11 Mostly lab studies so lacks mundane realism