Factors Influencing Attitudes to Food and Eating Behaviour

Stephanie Bates
Mind Map by , created over 5 years ago

A level Psychology A2 (Eating Behaviours) Mind Map on Factors Influencing Attitudes to Food and Eating Behaviour, created by Stephanie Bates on 03/31/2014.

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Stephanie Bates
Created by Stephanie Bates over 5 years ago
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Factors Influencing Attitudes to Food and Eating Behaviour
1 Cultural Influences
1.1 What is Considered Food (e.g...)
1.2 Regional Area, food availability (e.g...)
1.3 Religious Practices (restrictions) (fasting/feasting)
1.4 Jewish - Kosher, Fast/feasting days Islam - Pork+Alcohol
1.5 Wardle et al. (1997) - Survey diets of 16,000 ppl, 21 European countries. Sweden, Denmark Holland = Fibre. Italy, Portugal, Spain = Fruit,
1.6 Leshem (2009) - Bedouin Arab (desert encampments), Bedouin (Urban setting (1 generation), Jewish women. Cultural differences remain even with easy access to wide range of foods.
2 Mood
2.1 Eating linked to emotional state, stress + anxiety = over/under eating
2.2 Inc/ carb. = Better mood + energy. Sweet taste = pleasurable = Pos/ attitudes towards these types of food. e.g. Choc.
2.3 Serotonin Hypothesis - Insulin, amino acids, Tryptophan = serotonin.
2.4 Corsica + Spring (2008) - 21 overweight women "carb cravers". Low mood - sad memories. High Carb/Protein milkshakes.
2.5 Gender Bias
2.6 Garg et al. (2007) - 38 ppts, sad/upbeat film. Popcorn - 36% more with sad.
2.6.1 Effect disappeared when shown nutritional info. meaning...
3 Nicklaus et al. (2004) - Age. Parental attitudes and early experiences. SLT/ operant conditioning. Health concerns / media. No one factor decisive.
4 IDA - Nature/Nurture - complex mix - biological mechanisms + psychological/social/cultural Inf/s.