WH Ch. 1 Vocabulary

victoria russ
Flashcards by victoria russ, updated more than 1 year ago
victoria russ
Created by victoria russ over 6 years ago
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ENEM World History Flashcards on WH Ch. 1 Vocabulary, created by victoria russ on 09/02/2014.

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Question Answer
history before written records Prehistory
Artifacts-man made objects such as tools, pottery, weapons, jewelry, etc
a people's unique way of life Culture
Archaeology- The study of past societies through analysis of what people left behind. Archaeologists- specially trained scientists who work like detectives to uncover the story of prehistoric peoples.
The study of human life and culture Anthropology Anthropologists- scientists who study cultures past or present
Language, religious beliefs, art, tools & technology, family, class & social structure, government & laws, social customs, economic systems Components of Culture
Hominids-early humans and creatures that walk upright
anthropologists who first found prehistoric footprints, then skeletons of homo habilis in Africa Mary & Louis Leakey
In 1974 he discovered the skeletal remains of an adult female hominid who lived about 3.5 million years ago Donald Johanson
Discovered in Africa in 1974, the oldest hominid found to that date; nicknamed after a Beatles song, "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds" Lucy
"Ardie"- discovered in Africa in 1992; the oldest skeleton of an early human 4.4 million old
Old Stone Age lasted from about 2.5 million years to 8,000 BC; early humans made tools of stone Old Stone Age
New Stone Age; began about 8,000-3,000 BC; early humans who lived during this time learned to make pottery, grow crops, and raise animals Neolithic Age
name for the Lucy species; lived 4 million to 1 million; skeletal remains found in southern and eastern Africa; first "human-like" creature Australopithecines (aka Australopiticus)
First to make stone tools; name means "man of skill" Homo habilis
"upright man"; believed to more intelligent and more adaptable than homo habilis; first to use fire Homo Erectus
The ways humans apply knowledge, tools, & inventions to meet their needs Technology
"wise men"; the species name for modern humans homo sapiens
sub species of homo sapiens; who lived 200,000-30,000 BC; first have ritual burials; DNA test on skeleton shows that they were NOT ancestors of modern humans
They lived from 40,000-8,000 BC; fully modern humans, used spoken language, planned their hunts, and created art
People who move from place to place foraging or searching for new sources of food Nomads
Depends on hunting animals and collecting plants for food Hunter-gathers
Another name for the Agricultural Revolution; one of the greatest breakthroughs in history; shift from hunting-gathering to farming Neolithic Revolution
Catal Huyuk; the largest village of the Neolithic Age; discovered in 1955 in what is today Turkey; home to 6,000 inhabitants
farming technique that involves cutting down all trees & plants, then burning them. The ash is fertilizer to the crops that are planted. Slash and burn farming
Characteristics of life in the Paleolithic Age (Old Stone Age) 1. hunter/gatherers 2. family based clans 3. Nomadic lifestyle based on availability of resources 4. Simple tools & weapons made of stone
Out of Africa Theory theory that our prehistoric ancestors came from Africa.
the preserved remains or impressions of a living organism such as plant, animal, or insect.
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