Chapter 2 Vocab. for World History Honors

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Misaki-chan
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Vocabulary words in Chapter 2 for World History Honors.

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Mesopotamia an ancient region in W Asia between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers: now part of Iraq.
Fertile Crescent semicircle of fertile land stretching from Se coast of Mediterranean around Syrian Dessert N of Arabia to Persian Gulf.
Polytheistic belief in or worship of more than one god.
Ziggurat an ancient Mesopotamian temple tower consisting of lofty pyramidal structure built in successive stages with outside staircases or object of similar form.
Theocracy a form of government in which a country is ruled by religious leaders.
Cuneiform relating to or written in a system of writing used in ancient Mesopotamia.
Hammurabi's Law Code a well-preserved Babylonian law code of ancient Iraq, formerly Mesopotamia, dating back to about 1772 BC. It is one of the oldest deciphered writings of significant length in the world.
Patriarchal of, related to, or characteristic of a system of society or government controlled by men.
Nile River the world's longest river (4150 miles); flows northward through eastern Africa into the Mediterranean; the Nile River valley in Egypt was the site of the world's first great civilization.
Inundation the annual flooding of the Nile River. The flood river leaves behind rich fertile soil.
Silt fine sand, clay, or other material carried by running water and deposited as a sediment, especially in a channel or harbor.
King Menes King of Egypt who united Upper and Lower Egypt, thus founding Egypt's first dynasty.
Dynasty A family line of hereditary rulers of a country.
Pharaoh a ruler in ancient Egypt.
"ba" the human body of an Egyptian Dead.
"ka" a spiritual body for the Egyptian Dead.
Mummification a process in which the skin and flesh of a corpse can be preserved.
Canopic Jars a covered urn in ancient Egyptian burials to hold the entrails from an embalmed body.
Sarcophagus a stone coffin, typically adorned with a sculpture or inscription and associated with the ancient civilizations of Egypt, Rome, and Greece.
The Great Pyramid a massive monument with a square base and four triangular sides; begun by Cheops around 2700 BC as royal tombs in ancient Egypt.
King Khufu's Boat The Khufu's ship is an intact full-size vessel from Ancient Egypt that was sealed into a pit in the Giza Pyramid complex at the foot of the Great Pyramid of Giza around 2500 BC. The ship now is preserved in the Giza Solar Boat Museum.
Great Sphinx The Great Sphinx is a large Human-headed lion that was carved from a mound of natural rock. It is located in Giza where it guards the front of Khafra's Pyramid.
Hieroglyphics a stylized picture of an object representing a word, syllable, or sound, as found in ancient Egyptian and other writing systems.
Hyksos people of mixed Semitic and Asian descent who invaded Egypt and settled in the Nile delta circa 1640 BC. They formed the 15th and 16th dynasties of Egypt and ruled a large part of the country until driven out circa 1532 BC.
Thutmose flourished 1500 BC, Egyptian ruler
King Tut 14th century B.C, A king of Egypt of the 18th dynasty, who died young, got made a gold mask.
Ramses II king of ancient Egypt. His reign was marked by war with Hittites and the construction of many colossal monuments , esp the Rock temple at Abu Simbel
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