Attachment - Cultural Variations

English GCSE
Flashcards by English GCSE, updated more than 1 year ago
English GCSE
Created by English GCSE about 6 years ago
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Flashcards on Attachment - Cultural Variations , created by English GCSE on 28/01/2015.

Resource summary

Question Answer
Takahashi (1990) Used the strange situation to look at 60 middle-class Japanese mothers and children. Found high rates of insecure-resistant attachment (32%). However still found main attachment was secure attachment.
Fox (1977) Studied infants raised in an Israeli kibbutzim who were primarily cared for by a nurse. Tested in the strange situation and fond they were equally attached to both mother and nurse.
Takahashi (1990) Tested 60 middle-class Japanese mothers and children in the strange situation. They found high rates of insecure-resistant attachment (32%) however secure attachment was still most common.
Van Ijzendoorn and Kroonenberg (1988) Conducted a meta-analysis on 8 different countries (32 studies) who used the strange situation. Found that secure attachment was the most common over all countries.
Evaluation of Van Ijzendoorn and Kroonenberg (1988) Weakness = culture bias (Rothbaum 2000) Weakness = strange situation Strange situation = ecological validity strange situation = imposed etic
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