Ch. 9 - Joints - Pt. II

newsha
Flashcards by newsha, updated more than 1 year ago
newsha
Created by newsha over 6 years ago
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Study guide for joints

Resource summary

Question Answer
flexion movement that decreases the angle of a joint
extension movement that increases the angle of a joint
hyperextension movement that increases the angle of a joint beyond 180 degrees
abduction movement of a body part away from the midline
adduction movement of a body part toward the midline
elevation movement that raises a bone vertically
depression movement that lowers a bone vertically
protraction movement of a bone anteriorly
retraction movement of a bone posteriorly
lateral excursion movement of the jaw sideways to the right or left
medial excursion movement of the jaw back to the midline from the right or left
circumduction movement in which one end of an appendage remains relatively stationary and while the other end makes a circulation motion
rotation movement that twists a bone on its longitudinal axis
supination rotation of the forearm so the palm faces anteriorly in anatomical positions
pronation rotation of the forearm so the palm faces posteriorly
opposition movement of the thumb to touch the fingertips
reposition movement of the thumb from touching the fingertips back to anatomical position
dorsiflexion raising of the toes or foot upward
plantar flexion extension of the toes or foot so that they point downward
inversion raising the sole of the foot medially
eversion raising the sole of the foot laterally
lever elongated, rigid object that rotates around a fixed point
fulcrum the fixed point that an elongated, rigid object rotates around
first-class lever lever in which the fulcrum is in the middle
second-class lever lever in which the resistant is in the middle
third-class lever lever in which the effort is applied between the fulcrum and resistance
temporomandibular joint articulation of the condyle of the mandible with mandibular fossa of the temporal bone
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