End of the War of 1812/The Era of Good Feeling

Samson Gelfand 1010
Flashcards by Samson Gelfand 1010, updated more than 1 year ago
Samson Gelfand 1010
Created by Samson Gelfand 1010 about 6 years ago
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7 Social Studies Flashcards on End of the War of 1812/The Era of Good Feeling, created by Samson Gelfand 1010 on 04/15/2015.

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Battle of New Orleans fought between December 1814-January 1815, and was the final major battle of the War of 1812. Between British & US; prevented an invading British Army from seizing New Orleans
Andrew Jackson Major General of the American combatants Achievements: -7th president of the US -War of 1812- Battle of New Orleans -elected again for president -gained Florida from Spain
What is the Importance of the Battle of New Orleans? -It was the last battle of the War of 1812 -gave the US national pride
Era of Good Feeling a period of time were the US citizens were happy and a sense of national pride was passed along the states
American System Clay, a Republican, proposed a nationalist program to help the nations growth. The system aimed to help the economy in every section of the country & increase the power of the federal govt. Clay said: higher tariffs, a new Bank of the United States, and helpful improvements like the building of roads, bridges, and canals.
Tariff of 1816 this tariff was designed to protect American manufacturers from foreign competition by placing high taxes on imports.
sectionalism a rivalry based on the interests of different areas. These soon brought an end to the Era of Good Feelings.
McCulloch v. Maryland -Maryland could not tax the local office of the Bank of the US. -it was the property of the national govt. -Court said, it would give states too much power over the national government.
Gibbons v. Ogden In 1824: -Court again ruled in favor of federal government power -New York granted a monopoly to a steamship operator running ships between New York-New Jersey. New York's law-no other operator could run steamboats on same path -The Supreme Court said-only Congress had the power to make laws controlling interstate commerce
James Monroe -fifth President of the US -last president who was a Founding Father -last president from the Virginia dynasty & the Republican Generation.
Election of 1816 -3 states vote for King (feds) -Monroe landslides King -Feds die out
Election of 1820 -Monroe landslides John Quincy Adams -MD votes for Adams, only ones -US have more states- MO, IL, IN, LA, ME
Missouri Compromise -Suggested by Clay b/c he was fearing a split in the union -The compromise drew a line west from the southern boundary of Missouri, the compromise blocked slavery north of the line but permitted it south of the line -promised a temporary solution to sectional conflict.
Adams-Onis Treaty -Spain gave up control of all ownership to both East and West Florida. -NAs also gave up claims to Oregon -Spanish- control of Texas
Monroe Doctrine In 1822: -4 European nations—Fr., Aus. , Rus. ,& Prus -discussed a plan to help Spain regain the land it had recently given to the US -Served as a clear warning to European nations to keep out of the Americas.
Henry Clay -Republican -American lawyer -politician, -skilled orator -represented Kentucky As a war hawk , he favored war with Br. and played a significant role in leading the nation to war in the War of 1812
Sectional Tariff of 1824 a protective tariff in the US -designed to protect American industry from cheaper British commodities, especially iron products, wool and cotton textiles, and agricultural goods.
John C. Calhoun -leading American politician -political theorist-19th century -from South Carolina -began his political career as a nationalist, modernizer -proponent of a strong national govt. a&protective tariffs
Eli Whitney -inventor- invented the cotton gin -this was one of the key inventions of the Industrial Revolution and shaped the economy of the Antebellum South
Cotten Gin cotton gin was invented in the United States in 1793 by Eli Whitney. Whitney applied for a patent on October 28, 1793; the patent was granted on March 14, 1794, but was not validated until 1807.
Free State No SLAVES. Northeast spread- the west
Slave States SLAVES. Southern states
1820 v. 1816 election -different candidates -1820: Monroe v. Quincy Adams -1816: Monroe v. King -Feds were dying out
Marshall Court destroys the EOGF Marshall Court destroys the EOGF b/c he sided w/ the govt. not the people
Conflicts within the country (1812-1824) -split in the union- Missouri Compromise -4 European nations discussed a plan to force the US to give back the land that Spain gave them-Monroe Doctrine
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