Who Thought What? International Politics Readings

Emily Fenton
Flashcards by Emily Fenton, updated more than 1 year ago
Emily Fenton
Created by Emily Fenton almost 6 years ago
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Flashcards for the important theories/theorists presented in International Politics readings from lectures 8-12

Resource summary

Question Answer
M. Ayoob "Humanitarian Intervention and State Sovereignty" Concerned with the difference and problems of order (respecting state sovereignty) and justice (protecting human rights); questions the existence of "universalism" and "international will"
M. Kaldor "In Defense of New Wars" Explains and critiques the idea of "new wars", outlining how they might be different from old wars; highlights the problem of collecting data on new wars, because data collection systems are based on old wars
Richard Peet "Globalism and Neoliberalism" Highlights the unevenness of globalization, especially in the global economy. International economic institutions (ex. IMF, Washington Consensus) benefit some, harm others Timeline of global economy, from classical liberalism to Keynesianism, from Keynesianism to neoliberalism
A. Hoogvelt "Globalization" Economic globalization is now driven by social conditions, rather than by economic logic and capital accumulation (though agrees it is a multi-causal process) Draws on theories from David Held (sceptical, hyperglobalist, transformationalist theses), time-space compression theories, Castells' increasing global consciousness, financiarization (financial deepending, international money mobility)
Nick Bisley "Global Power Shift: Decline of West and the Rise of the Rest" The West has been in power until the mid-1990's, where "emerging" countries begin competing; power distribution is effected by wealth distribution, which is changing Especially critical of the supremacy of the US, which was weakened after wars of 2000s Away from unipolarity of the post-Cold War, to multipolarity? To non-polarity?
Andrew Hart & Bruce Jones "How do Rising Powers Rise?" Describes the characteristics of rising powers (growing economy, military, ambitions) but points out how different they all are; this is measured in various, problematic ways Success sometimes based on not being "restricted" like Western powers (especially in terms of environment or financial freedom)
John G. Ikenberry "Liberal Internationalism 3.0: America and the Dilemma of Liberal World Order" Describes Liberal World Orders in 3 phases (1.0: after WWI, 2.0: Cold-War era, and 3.0: post-hegemonic present) Liberal Internationalism 3.0 might never be complete, as Western power diminishes and the role of the state declines
Robert Kagan "End of Dreams, Return of History" Response to "End of History" theory; emerging powers mean increased competition to "world order", and competition for global preeminence (challenging the US); focus on struggle between traditionalism and modernization, especially between Middle East and the US Maybe US needs to use unipolar power once again (their "responsibility")
B. Miller "Explaining Changes in US Grand Strategy: 9/11, the Rise of Offensive Liberalism, and the War in Iraq" Discusses the ways goals can be achieved (offensive or defensive, realism or liberalism); changes in foreign policy after the attacks of 9/11 to include "preemption", forcible regime change of non-democracies; changes due to change in "balance of threat" Offensive liberalism likely to decline as we move away from 9/11
R. Jackson "Constructing Enemies: "Islamic Terrorism" in Political and Academic Discourse" Outlines the origins of "Islamic Terrorism" discourse, rooted in Orientalist thought and the old idea of "religious terrorism"; reaffirmed after the 9/11 attacks, where good vs. evil was brought into play; talks about new and techno- terrorism; highlights how discourse can be harmful for international relations Islamic terrorism discourse is distinctive because it is portrayed as anti-modern, anti-secularism, they're motivated by "hatred of US" and "sacred" reasons,
Matthew Paterson "Green Politics" Green politics is a critical theory based on three things: ecocentric ethics, limits to growth, decentralization of power; NOT the same as environmentalism; green politics rejects the state system Paterson also talks about criticisms of green politics - possibly too radical a change, and compromises can be made
J. Clapp and P. Dauvergne "Peril or Prosperity? Mapping Worldviews of Global Environmental Change" Looks at the worldviews on global environmental change: market liberals, institutionalists, bioenvironmentalists and social greens Each has a different approach to "solving" environmental problems; keep in mind that these categories are not black and white; authors do not choose a "correct" view
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