CHAPTER 6 general anatomy & physiology

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Cosmetology Flashcards on CHAPTER 6 general anatomy & physiology, created by Alexandra Zarazua on 02/16/2022.
Alexandra Zarazua
Flashcards by Alexandra Zarazua, updated 12 months ago
Alexandra Zarazua
Created by Alexandra Zarazua 12 months ago
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Question Answer
ANATOMY The study of the structure that can be seen with the naked eye & how the body parts are organized.
PHYSIOLOGY The study of the functions & activities performed by the body’s structure.
CELLS The basic unit of all living things, including bacteria, plants, animals & humans; life does not exists w/out cells.
NUCLEUS Dense, active protoplasm found in the center of the cell.
CYTOPLASM Watery fluid containing food materials necessary for growth. It is the protoplasm of the cell.
CELL MEMBRANE EBRANE Cell part that encloses the protoplasm & permits soluble substances to enter & leave the cell.
MITOSIS The usual process of the cell reproduction of human tissue that occurs when the cell divides into two identical cells.
TISSUE A collection of similar cells that perform a particular function.
CONNECTIVE TISSUE Fibrous tissues that binds together, protects, & supports the various parts of the body.
Types of Connective Tissue Bone, cartilage, ligaments, tendons, blood, lymph, & adipose.
ADIPOSE TISSUE Fatty tissue
EPITHELIAL TISSUE Protective covering
PROTOPLASM Cells of all living things are composed of.
SKELETAL SYSTEM Forms of the physical foundation of the body & is composed of 206 bones that vary in size & shape; connected by movable & immovable joints.
OCCIPITAL BONE Furthest back bone of the skull. Below the parietal bone; forms the back of the skull above the nape.
What are the two bones that form the sides & top of the cranium? PARIETAL BONES
How many bones is the foot made up of? 206
What is the part of the muscle that does not move & is attached closest to the skeleton? THE ORIGIN
The system of nerves that carries umpulses, or messages, to & from the central nervous system PERIPHERAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
The popliteal artery supplies blood to the foot & divides into two separate arteries known as the? ANTERIOR TIBIAL ARTERY & THE POSTERIOR TIBIAL ARTERY
The muscle that raises the angle of the mouth & draws it inward is the? LEVATOR ANGULIORIS
The muscle that covers the back of the neck & the upper & middle region of the back is the? TRAPEZIUS
The deep personal nerve extends down the? FRONT OF THE LEG
Deoxygenated blood flows from the heart to the lungs for oxygenation & waste removal & then returns that blood to the _______ so oxygen-rich blood can be delivered to the body. LEFT ATRIUM
Blood ________ the body’s temperature HELPS EQUALIZE
Technical term for the facial artery EXTERNAL MAXILLARY ARTERY
Which gland affects almost every physiologic process of the body? PITUITARY GLAND
System that protects the body from disease by developing immunities & destroying disease- causing microorganisms? LYMPHATIC SYSTEM
The dense, active protoplasm found in the center of the cell NUCLEUS
The larger of the two bones that form the leg below the knee TIBIA
The maxillae are the bones of the? UPPER JAW
The broad muscle that covers the top of the skull & consists of the occipitalis & frontalis? EPICRANIUS
The muscles that draw a body part, such as a finger, arm, or toe inward toward the median axis of the body or of an extremity ADDUCTORS
Sensory nerve endings called____ are located close to the surface of the skin RECEPTORS
The main blood supply of the arms & hands are the? ULNAR & RADIAL ARTERIES
The _____ muscle is the primary nasal muscle of the concern to cosmetologists PROCERUS
The _____ cranial nerve is the chief motor nerve of the face TRIGEMINAL
The median nerve os the sensory-motor nerve that, w/ its branches, supplies the ARM & HAND
The simplest form of nervous activity that includes a sensory & motor nerve is called a REFLEX
Which nerve affects the muscles of the mouth? BUCCAL
The ________ supplies blood to the muscles of the eye INFRAORBITAL ARTERY
The endocrine glands also known as DUCTLESS GLANDS
The _____ supplies impulses to the skin of the forehead, upper eyelids, & interior portion of the scalp, orbit, eyeball & nasal passage. OPTHALMIC NERVE
The complex system that serves as protective covering & helps regulate body’s temperature INTEGUMENTARY SYSTEM
What system distributes blood throughout the body? CIRCULATORY SYSTEM
Controls & coordinates all other systems of the body & makes them work harmoniously & efficiently NERVOUS SYSTEM
The portion of the central nervous system that originates in the brain & extensors down the lower trunk SPINAL CORD
Performs the function of producing offspring & passing on the genetic code from one generation to another REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM
What is the ring muscle of the eye socket that controls the ability to close ones eye? OBRICULARIS OCCULI
The two bones that form the sides & top of the cranium PARIETAL BONES
Collects blood from the capillaries & drains into veins VENULES
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