Yalta and Potsdam Conferences - Roles of Churchill, FDR and Stalin

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GCSE Cold War Flashcards on Yalta and Potsdam Conferences - Roles of Churchill, FDR and Stalin, created by sagar.joban on 31/03/2013.

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Created by sagar.joban almost 6 years ago
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Question Answer
Tensions at Potsdam Britain and US denied Stalin a naval base in the Mediterranean as they saw no need for it but Stalin saw it as them not trusting him. Stalin wanted to cripple Germany further with reparations but USA and Britain didn't want to as they had seen the effects of this (WW1) but this made Stalin suspicious. Stalin set up Communist gov. in Lublin, the capital of Poland - made Truman and Atlee worried.
Disagreements Poland - Stalin wanted the border moved westward which they agreed on but weren't happy. To compensate, Stalin agreed to not support Communist rebels in Greece.
Potsdam Conference, July to August 1945 2 months after the war in Europe ended. In April, FDR had died so was succeeded by Harry Truman. More anti-Communist and suspicious of Stalin. Clement Atlee also took over Churchill in a general election. After Germany surrendered on 8 May 1945, UK and USA reduced their forces in Europe, unlike USSR. Stalin ignored protests of creation of Communist Poland. The atom bomb of July 1945 started an arms race
Agreements Nazi Party was to be banned and its leaders tried as war criminals. The Oder-Neisse line (two rivers) would be the future border between Poland and Germany.
Background Aimed to discuss challenges that the defeat of Germany would create: what to do with Germany and the leaders, occupied countries, how to end the war with Japan and how to maintain the peace.
Yalta Conference, February 1945 Churchill, FDR and Stalin got on well - agreed on the quad division of Germany and Berlin into USSR, USA, Britain and France zones. The Eastern European countries would hold free elections to decide their governors and the USSR would join the war against Japan in return for parts of Manchuria and Sakhalin Island.