separate but equal

ldlabraguerrero
Flashcards by ldlabraguerrero, updated more than 1 year ago
ldlabraguerrero
Created by ldlabraguerrero over 5 years ago
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separate but equal vocabulary

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Question Answer
14th Amendment one of the Civil War Amendments; defined US citizenship and guarantees "equal protection under the laws"
De Jure segregation segregation established by law . For example Jim Crow & the Supreme Court decision in Plessy v. Ferguson
De facto segregation Latin phrase that means "ny fact". Segregation that occurred NOT by law but as a result of tradition. Ex. In 1900's Blacks and whites attended separate churches
Jim Crow Laws segregation laws in the south
Original jurisdiction authority of a court to hear a case for the FIRST time
Appellate jurisdiction the authority of a court to hear a case APPEALED from a lower court
Legal Belief a written document explaining the position of one side or the other in a case
Majority opinion a statement that presents the views of the majority of the supreme court justices regarding a case
Dissenting opinion a statement written by a supreme court justices who disagrees with the majority opinions, presenting his or her own opinion
" Stare decisis " principle followed by judges and the supreme court: a latin term that means " Let yesterday's decision stand"
Precedent a ruling that is used as the basis for a judicial decision in a later, similar case.
Dred Scott v. sanford (1857) case of a slave named Dred Scott. The supreme court ruled that enslaved African Americans were property, not citizens, and had no rights under the constitution
Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) case about homer plessy , a black man, who purchased a ticked to ride in the only railroad car in louisiana. Case established "separate but equal" doctrine.
Brown v. Board of Education of topeka, Kansas (1954) banned segregation in public schools.
Briggs v. Elliot (1954) case that challenged segregated schools in Clarendon County, South Carolina
Korematsu v. United States (1944) during wwll japanese American citizens living on the west coast were moved to internment camps. supreme court upheld the president's authority to do this. this case is an example of the president's power to issue an executive order, checks and balances, and the judicial review
university of cali. v. bakke (1978) supreme court case on affirmative action. it bars use of racial quota systems in college admissions but also affirmative action programs are constitutional.
Reverend J.A. Delaine minister and principal
Harry Briggs He attends to the scott's branch school & walks to school each day 5 miles
thurgood marshall attorney for the black parents in the sc supreme court case AGAINST segregated schools
john W. Davis lawer of sc
Eral Warren Chief justice of the supreme court
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