ComS 100C Exam 3

Alexa Bellucci
Flashcards by Alexa Bellucci, updated more than 1 year ago
Alexa Bellucci
Created by Alexa Bellucci over 5 years ago
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Study cards for the exam 3 study guide

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Question Answer
Concept Term used to describe something we cannot directly observe
Conception Mental images for the term, which summarize collections of seemingly related observations and experiences
Conceptualization The process through which we specify what those images (conception) mean when we use a term
Operational definition Indicates precisely how a concept will be measured
Operationalization Measurement Example: Whether or not someone has an eating disorder can be an operationalization (way of measuring) their health.
Reliability (in measurement) Consistency
Validity (in measurement) Accuracy related to what the researcher is attempting to measure. If a measure is not reliable, it cannot be valid.
4 Levels of measurement Nominal Ordinal Interval Ratio
Nominal level of measurement To name or classify with no order (Ex: racial groups)
Ordinal level of measurement Rank order
Interval level of measurement Equal distance between points, but zero is arbitrary
Ratio level of measurement Equal distance between points, with a true zero
Mean Median Mode Average Middle most Most common/most repeated
Cost-effectiveness ratio Total cost / effectiveness
Benefit-cost ratio Total benefits / total costs
Net benefit total benefits - total costs
3 reasons why the results of evaluation research do not get used 1 - The information isn't presented in a way that non-researchers could understand 2 - The findings contradict deeply held beliefs 3 - Vested interests (money)
Difference between consent and assent form Assent - Minor's willingness to participate Consent - Adult agreement to participate
Difference between anonymity and confidentiality Anonymity - Researcher cannot identify which response is from which participant Confidentiality - Researcher can identify which response is from which participant, but promises not to publicly identify
Key principles of the informed consent process 1 - Purpose of study 2 - Study procedures 3 - Potential benefits of study 4 - Potential harm from participating in the study 5 - Can withdraw at any time
Name of panel whose members review research proposals involving human subjects Institutional Review Board (IRB)
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