Ancient Mesopotamia & Egypt

Quadesia Harvey
Flashcards by Quadesia Harvey, updated more than 1 year ago
Quadesia Harvey
Created by Quadesia Harvey over 3 years ago
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Ch.2 Ancient Mesopotamia & Egy
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Names means " land between the rivers"; where the 1st civilizations began ; present day Iraq & Syria Mesopotamia
The region in the Middle East which curves, like a quarter-moon shape; Known as the CRadle of Civilization bcf8e082-dbc4-4d9f-b99d-9e022fe5b6cf.png (image/png) Fertile Crescent
Belief in MANY gods; Ancient Sumerians believed in over 3,000 gods Polytheistic (aka polytheism)
The massive platform that the Sumerians built their religious temples on fb76962e-584a-40b1-a28d-3f8d6056ed70.jpg (image/jpg) Ziggurat
"rule by god"; describes a govt. where the ruler is thought to be a god ex. Ancient Egypt Theocracy
1st writing system developed by the Sumerians;"wedge-shape writing eca85149-13ce-405c-a1e8-e0ab81370119.jpg (image/jpg) Cuneiform
1st written laws; given to people of Ancient Babylon by King Hammurabi; very strict laws based on principle of and eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth 17c26417-48cd-40c8-bb8e-ff8e220d7157.jpg (image/jpg) Hammurabi's Law Code
Describes a society dominated by men 94fe2d16-b438-4893-ad34-fc411d1019f1.jpg (image/jpg) Patriarchal
The longest river in the world; egypt is often called "the gift of the nile river; egyptians depended on the nile fro everything 7a613244-cc07-4a53-8c73-ab1aa28995bf.jpg (image/jpg) Nile river
The annual flooding of the Nile River. The flood river leave behind rich fertile mud. Inundation
rich black mus left behind from flooding of the Nile River d9822d0e-ba95-455a-9df3-2f56b511bce8.jpg (image/jpg) Silt
King who united Lower & upper Egypt around 3100 BC 0decb7d7-3af7-464f-a3f3-321df801ce4d.jpg (image/jpg) King Menes
means "great house of"; a family of rulers dynasty
Name for Egyptian King pharaoh
Ancient egyptians thought that when someone died the Ka, or the life force, left the physical body; The Ka could drink and eat, but was stuck in the tomb in the body of the mummy or the small status that were left in the tomb "ka"
The Ba was the part of the soul that embarked on a journey to follow the gods; the symbol of the BA is often shown as a bird with a human head and wings 57f2499c-6e69-45fd-8fcc-b5bd6be01027.jpg (image/jpg) "Ba"
It was a very important to ancient Egyptian religious beliefs that the human body was preserved. Their method of preserving the body was called mummification. The process lasted up to 70 days df6b13a8-512d-4de1-92ce-53654b9812e9.jpg (image/jpg) mummification
Containers used to hold the internal organs (lungs, stomach, intestines,liver) of the deceased that was going to be mummified; the jars had lids shaped as the head of the 4 sons of horus 015f2dff-a7a6-48ba-a16a-68a7e0122479.jpg (image/jpg) Canopic Jars
a sarcophagus formed the outer layer of protection for a royal mummy, with several layers coffins nested within, and was often carved out of alabaster ffa3016d-fdc8-4f53-81e9-7bd3fb4cc5a6.jpg (image/jpg) sarcophagus
earned everlasting fame fro being the pharaoh responsible for the Great Pyramid at Giza which he built to serve as his tomb King Khufu (aka Cheops (KEE-ops)
Largest of the 3 pyramids at Giza; built by king khufu the only monument of the 7 wonders of the Ancient world to survive 1d1ed42a-a8eb-4e50-8425-311436840396.jpg (image/jpg) the great pyramid
discoverd in 1952 buried under the Great Pyramid; it would be needed to ferry King Khufu's spirit across the sky to be with Ra, the sun god 3ff56c2c-f0c7-4737-b85d-ab99c0cf2347.jpg (image/jpg) King Khufu's Boat
one of the largest and oldest statues in the world. Archeologists believe that it was carved around 2500 BC and that the head is meant to be the likeness of the Pharaoh Great Sphinx
egyptian picture writing hieroglyphics
a stone with writing on it two languages ( Egyptian and Greek). using three scripts (hieroglyphic, demotic and greek) 17df9c7f-bf5d-49bc-bede-f9016a924bee.jpg (image/jpg) the rosetta stone
invaded Egypt and ruled for 200 years introduced the horse drawn chariot Hyksos
first great woman ruler in history she ruled egypt as king not queen sculptures and masks show her with a false beard hatshepsut
rejected the traditional religion in favor of worshiping the Aten, or sun disc after whom he renamed himself. He closed all the temples to the old gods and obliterated their names from monuments Akhenaten ( aka Amenhotep)
17v year old boy pharaoh whose tomb survived untouched by grave robbers more than 3,000 artifacts discovered in his tomb king tut
Ramses the great reigned 67 years fathered over 100 childeren defeated the Hitties, the otehr super power of anicnet times he declared himslef a living god Ramses II
Reed like plant that grows on the NIle River Ancient Egyptians used to write on Papyrus
the spreading of ideas from one culture to another culture Cultural Diffusion
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