Ancient Mesopotamia & Egypt

Summer Addington
Flashcards by Summer Addington, updated more than 1 year ago
Summer Addington
Created by Summer Addington almost 4 years ago


Ch. 2 Ancient mesopotamia & Egypt

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Question Answer
Mesopotamia Name means "land between the rivers"; where the 1st civilizations began; present day Iraq & Syria
Fertile Cresent 8401cd76-6e70-4ed6-a643-67b8bacd10ac.gif (image/gif) The region in the Middle East which curves, like a quarter-moon shape; Known as the Cradle of Civilization
Polytheistic belief in many gods; Ancient Sumerians believed in over 3,000 gods
Ziggurat 05d73758-95ec-46d5-9c37-faf89157c6ec.gif (image/gif) the massive platform that the Sumerians built their religious temples on
Theocracy means "rule by god"; describes a govt. where the ruler is thought to be a God ex. Ancient Egypt
Cuneiform c5d7cf2b-ed06-4b3f-b257-6136e9a93504.png (image/png) 1st writing system developed by the sumerians; "wedge shaped writing"
Hammurabi's Law Code 6d009ad7-01fb-49e5-b244-6bda6c78c2f0.png (image/png) 1st written laws; given to people of Ancient Babylon by KingHammurbi; very strict laws based on principle of an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth
Patriarchal Describes a society dominated by men
Nile River c68d7f7c-c548-4581-a771-15530b9ffd4f.jpg (image/jpg) the longest river in the world; Egypt is often called "the gift of the Nile RIver; Egyptians depended on the Nile for everything
Inundation the annual flooding of the Nile River. The flooded river leaves behind rich fertile mud
Silt rich black mud left behind from the flooding of the Nile River
King Menes the king who united Lower and Upper Egypt around 3100 BC
Dynasty means "great house of"; a family of rulers
Pharaoh 266b4a63-3479-4b4b-9b86-d46ee436e2ad.jpg (image/jpg) name for Egyptian King
"ka" ancient Egyptians thought that when someone died the Ka, or the life force, left the physical body; The Ka could drink and eat, but was stuck in the tomb in the body of the mummy or the small statues that were left in the tomb
"Ba" 25220c39-0368-4a59-aa07-7ba774e6457b.jpg (image/jpg) the Ba was the part of the soul that embarked on a journey to follow the gods; the symbol of the Ba is often shown as a bird with a human head and wings.
Mummification 013ae55f-fa03-4446-b343-d35ca782f7fb.jpg (image/jpg) it was very important to ancient Egyptian religious beliefs that the human body was preserved. Their method of preserving the body was called mummification. The process lasted up to 70 days
Canopic Jars containers used to hold the internal organs (lungs, stomach, intestines, liver) of the deceased that was going to be mummified; the jars had lids shaped as the heads of the 4 sons of Horus
Sarcophagus b918db31-feba-4a50-b39c-6cddd2d18628.jpg (image/jpg) formed the outer layer of protection for a royal mummy, with several layers of coffins nested within, and was carved out of alabaster
King Khufu earned everlasting fame for being the pharaoh responsible for the Great Pyramid at Giza which he built to serve as his tomb
The Great Pyramid 301cc788-90a0-4f38-9e05-d5d790a20dc2.jpg (image/jpg) largest of the 3 pyramids at Giza; built by King Khufu; the only monument of the 7 Wonders of the Ancient World to survive
King Khufu's boat discovered in 1952 buried under the Great Pyramid; it would be needed to ferry King Khufu's spirit across the sky to be with Ra, the sun god.
Great Sphinx 695da16f-ac9e-4180-8f26-bf3a24340e29.jpg (image/jpg) one of the largest and oldest statues in the world. Archeologists believe that it was carved around 2500 BC and that the head is meant to be the likeness of the Pharaoh Khafra
Hieroglyphics Egyptian picture writing
The Rosetta Stone 1eddf314-7e74-4728-86a8-c1dad245033c.jpg (image/jpg) a stone with writing on it in two languages (Egyptian and greek) using 3 scripts (hieroglyphic, demotic, and Greek)
Hyksos invaded Egypt; and ruled for 200 years; introduced the horse drawn chariot
Hatshepsut 68443507-bfd9-4a05-bb61-ded6ebd481fb.jpg (image/jpg) first great woman ruler in history; she ruled Egypt as king not queen. Sculptures and mask show her with a false beard
Akhenaten rejected the traditional religion in favor of worshiping the Aten, or sun disk, after whom he renamed himself. He closed all the temples to the old gods and obliterated their names form monuments.
King Tut 5e29eaf3-39cc-4726-a7fd-7329be80d327.jpg (image/jpg) 17 year old boy Pharaoh whose tomb survived untouched by grave robbers; more that 3,000 artifacts discovered in his tomb
Ramses II Ramses the Great reigned for 67 years; fathered over 100 children; defeated the Hittites, the other superpower of ancient times; her declared himself a living god
papyrus ce5f417c-00e4-4713-9db1-282daf11ffe2.jpg (image/jpg) reed like plant that grows on the Nile River Ancient Egyptians used to write on
Cultural Diffusion the spreading of ideas from one culture to another culture
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