Ancient Mesopotamia & Egypt

Ana Zurita Posas
Flashcards by Ana Zurita Posas, updated more than 1 year ago
Ana Zurita Posas
Created by Ana Zurita Posas over 3 years ago
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Flashcards for Ancient Mesopotamia & Egypt

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Name means "land between the rivers"; where the 1st civilizations began; present day Iraq and Syria Mesopotamia
The region in the Middle East which curves, like a quarter-moon shape; Known as the Cradle of Civilization
Belief in many gods; Ancient Sumerians believed in over 3,000 gods Polytheistic (polytheism)
The massive platform that the Sumerians built their religious temples on Ziggurat
Means "rule by god"; describes a government where the ruler is thought to be a God; ex: Ancient Egypt Theocracy
1st writing system developed by the Sumerians; "wedge shape writing" Cuneiform
1st written laws; given to people of Ancient Babylon by King Hammurabi; very strict laws based on principle of an for an eye, a tooth for a tooth Hammurabi's Law Code (33 laws)
Describes a society dominated by men Patriarchal
The longest river in the world; Egypt is often called "the gift of the Nile River"; Egyptians depended on the Nile for eveything Nile River (34)
The annual flooding of the Nile River; The flood river leave behind rich fertile mud Inundation
Rich black mud left behind from the flooding of the Nile River Silt
King who united Lower and Upper Egypt around 3100 BC King Menes (36)
Means "great house of"; A family of rulers Dynasty
Name for Egyptian King Pharaoh
The Ba was the part of the soul embarked on a journey to follow the gods; the symbol of the Ba is often shown as a bird with a human head and wings "Ba"
It was very important to ancient Egyptian religious beliefs that the human body was preserved. The process lasted up to 70 days Mummification
Ancient Egyptians thought that when someone died the for the life force they left the physical body; The Ka could drink and eat, but was stuck in the tomb in the body of the mummy or the small statues that were left in the tomb "Ka"
Containers used to hold the internal organs (lungs, stomach, intestines, liver) of the deceased that was going to be mummified; the jars had lids shaped as the head of the 4 sons of Horus Canopic Jars
Formed the outer layer of protection for a royal mummy. with several layers of coffins nested within, and was often carved out of alabaster Sarcophagus
Earned everlasting fame for being the pharaoh responsible for the Great Pyramid at Giza which he built to serve as his tomb King Khufu (aka Cheops)
Largest of the 3 pyramids at Giza; Built by King Khufu; the only monument of the 7 wonders of the Ancient World to survive The Great Pyramid
Discovered in 1952 buried under the Great Pyramid; It would be needed to ferry King Khufu's spirit across the sky to be with Ra, the sun god King Khufu's Boat
One of the largest and oldest statues in the world; Archeologists believe that it was carved around 2500 BC and that the head is meant to be the likeness of the Pharaoh Khafra Great Sphinx
Egyptian picture writing Hieroglyphics
A stone with writing on it in two languages (Egyptian and Greek), using three scripts (hieroglyphic, demotic, and Greek) The Rosetta Stone
Invaded Egypt; Ruled for 200 years; Introduced the horse drawn chariot Hyksos (40)
First great woman ruler in history; She ruled Egypt as king not as queen; Sculptures and masks show her with a false beard Hatshepsut
Rejected the traditional religion in favor of worshiping the Aten, or sun disc, after whom he renamed himself; He closed all the temples to the old gods and obliterated their names from monuments Akhenaten
17 year old boy pharaoh whose tomb survived untouched by grave robbers; more than 3,000 artifacts were discovered in his tomb King Tut (Tutankhamen)
Ramses the Great reigned 67 years; Fathered over 100 children; Defeated the Hittites, the other superpower of ancient times; He declared himself a living god Ramses II
Reed like plant that grows on the Nile River Ancient Egyptians used to write on Papyrus
The spreading of ideas from one culture to another culture Cultural Diffusion
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