It´s a civil revolution that started in France in 1789.
it marked the start of the Modern Age and the end of the Ancièn Regime.
New habits and costums were introduced.
Slogan: Liberté,egalité, fraternité
-1st state and 2nd state with 300 representatives each and one vote each state.
-3rd state-600 representatives. One vote
-Nobility: Development wit
-irresponsible aristocracy: legacy of Louis XVI
-Middle class: Development with lacked political power.
-Large gap between rich and poor
-Peasantry.Lack of food
-Refusal of privilaged aristocracy to shoulder a share of the financial burden.
-Bankrupcy due to military conflicts.
-Solution: raising taxes.
-Shortages of food
-Soaring food prices.
-Over population in Paris.
1st: Moderate phase
-Flight to Varennes.
-Riots: Bastille an later in the countryside (Grand Peur)
-Reforms . Declaration of the Rights of the Man and the Citizen.
civil constitution of the clergy.
-Limited male suffrage.
-Cahiers of doleance
-Grievances: financial problems. social inequality and feudal rights.
-Problems in voting system
-Tennis Court Oath.
Girondins and Jacobins.
-Internal probblems: nobility discontent and non jurors also fought.
-External problems: Prusia declared war to France
-Valmy, great victory.
-Attack to Tuileries.
-Replaced the Assembly.
2nd. Radical phase
From 1792 to 1795.
-Girondist convention: Republican proclamation
Louis acused of treason
12 members lead by Robespierre
New laws: universal suffrage and control of prices.
In 1794 Robespierre was removed from power.
3rd. Counter Revolution Phase
From 1795 to 1815
The Directory & the Consulate
- Moderate middle class gained control of France
-Directory more conservative
-Napoleon staged a Coup d'état and installed a Consulate.
-1802 First consul for life
-New civil code: Marriage, adoption and divorce.
-Peace withe Church and Concordat signed.
-Expansion of the Empire imposed by Enlightenment ideas and abolsihed abs.monarchy
-Victory against all European powers except Great Britain.
-In 1812 Napoleon's power declined
-In 1815 defeated in Waterloo: back to abs. monarchies.