4.1 Repeated references to 'Cold' build
heavy/chilly/sombre atmosphere - 'deep snow piled',
'cold in the dreary grave', 'fifteen wild Decembers' etc.
4.1.1 Cold is sterile and numbing.
4.1.2 'wild' has connotations of savage,
untamed and unrestrained
4.1.3 Snow piled on grave reflects how time has
distanced narrator from her lover's death
4.2 Imagery sharply contrasted to 'days of golden
dreams', the Sun which 'lightened up my heaven'
and the Star that 'shone for me' -imagery of
intense light and positivity associated with lover.
4.2.1 Sun symbolic of warmth and life
4.2.2 Stars symbolise guiding force
4.2.3 These life forces have been extinguished
4.3.1 Capitalised to indicate importance
4.3.2 Described in two metaphors: 'all-wearing wave' and
'World's tide' Metaphors introduce idea of natural flow,
that emotions change over time. World's tide 'bearing
[her] along' suggests things are happening beyond her
control, she passively rides them out supported by time.
4.4.1 Two references in poem: 'Sweet love of
youth' and later her own 'young soul'.
Suggests a process of maturation.
4.4.2 Uses oxymorons to describe new life:
'sterner desires' and 'darker hopes'. It's
more serious, she's grown up.
4.5 Narrator refers to Memory's 'rapturous pain'
and the 'divinest anguish'. Captures
bittersweet moment of recalling a loved one.