1.1 Stevenson uses Hyde to represent evil
and this is shown through the way the
character looks, behaves and speaks
1.2 "The man seems hardly human!
Something troglodytic" = This shows
that Mr Hydes evil can be seenon his
1.3 "trampled calmly" = the contrasting
verb and adverbs shows Hyde'
disregard for the girls injuries
1.4 "snarled aloud with a savage laugh" = His
viciousness and inhumanity are
captured through the way he speaks.
2 How is goodness explored in the novella?
2.1 Dr Jekyll is the good to Mr Hyde evil. He has a
respectable appearance and the metaphor "good
shone upon the countenance" implies his virtuous
2.2 In chapter 6, Stevenson adds that "he
has always been known for charities,
he has now no less distinguished for
2.3 Mr Utterson and Dr Lanyon are also presented as good men
and this can be extended to minor characters such as Poole
and Mr Enfield. Although none are perfect, they all display
respectable qualities, acts of kindness and Christian values
3 How does Stevenson explore the conflict between good and evil?
3.1 In the 19th century, human nature was often presented as being either
good or evil. Stevenson felt this was too simplistic. Through the
character of Dr Jekyll, he presents mankind as containing both good
and evil, acknowledging that "in the agonised womb of consciousness,
these polar twins should be continually struggling". The foetal imagery
suggests that people are born with both instincts but one is more
dominant than the other.
3.2 Even though Dr Jekyll chooses goodness, after being horrified by Hyde's
actions, he is constantly tempted to return to evil and eventually gives in to
3.3 The fact that the transformation into Mr Hyde then become involuntary suggests that
once released, Dr Jekyll's evil side is stronger than his good. His Christian values seem no
match for Hyde's immorality.